Basic words and phrases

Introduction

Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.

English speakers will find it easy to make basic sentences in Pandunia as the word order is generally the same as in English, there are no definite or indefinite articles, no verb "to be", and no complicated rules about changing the form of words to express singular and plural or the tense of verbs.

The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.

You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.

Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!

Part 1: Greeting and basics

salam greet, greeting

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salam Hello!

salam suba! Good morning!

salam den! Good day!

salam sham! Good evening!

salam noche! Good night!

salam yam! Bon appetit!

salam lai! Welcome!

salam gou! Goodbye!

salam safar! Have a safe journey!

salam son! Sleep well!

As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!

Salam is a popular greeting that is used by both religious and non-religious people in many different countries around the world.

Etymology. salam is from Arabic: سَلَام‏ "salām", Hebrew: שָׁלוֹם‏ "šalom", Turkish: selam, Hindi: सलाम "salām", Swahili: salaam, Indonesian: selamat.

shukur thanks

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shukur! Thanks!

poli shukur! Thanks a lot!

ya, shukur. Yes, thank you.

no, shukur. No, thank you.

shukur tu. Thank you.

mi shukur tu. I thank you.

mi shukur tu mede mi. I thank you for helping me.

shukur tu mede mi. Thanks for helping me.

no yau shukur. You're welcome. (Literally: No need to thank.)

si to be

The word si can be used also for stating something as a fact.

mi si Tomas. I am Thomas.

tu si Sara. You are Sarah.

aple si frute. The apple is a fruit.

mi I, me

mi si Sara. I'm Sarah.

mi si Tomas. I'm Thomas.

mi salam mama. I greet mother.

mi salam papa. I greet father.

The word salam is both a noun and a verb. The basic word order in Pandunia is subject–verb–object.

Sara ya salam Tomas. Sarah greets Thomas.

salam mama! Greetings, mother!

salam papa! Greetings, father!

Etymology. mi is from English: me, Hindi: मैं (meṇ), Spanish: me, French: me, Swahili: mimi.

tu you

tu si Tomas. You are Thomas.

mi salam tu. I greet you.

tu salam mi. You greet me.

Pronouns don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why mi is the same in subject and object positions while English has two different forms, 'I' and 'me'.

mi ama tu. I love you.

Etymology. tu is from Spanish: tu, Russian: ты (ty), Italian: tu, French: tu.

ye he, she or it

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ye si man. He is a man.

ye si fem. She is a woman.

ye si aple. It is an apple.

ye is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as for things.

mi salam ye. I greet him/her.

Etymology. ye is from Malay: ia, Hindi यह (yah).

sual to ask a question

sual tu si Tomas? Are you Thomas?

sual tu si dava ja? Are you a doctor?

Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with sual. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from mi sual tu dava ja. (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.

sual tu bon? How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
mi bon. I'm good.
sual tu? And you?
mi no bon. I'm not good.

Etymology. sual is from Arabic سؤال (su'āl), Hindi सवाल (savāl), Malay soal, Swahili swali.

ya yes

sual tu si Tomas? Are you Thomas.

ya, mi si Tomas. Yes, I am Thomas.

sual ye si dava ja? Is he/she a doctor?

ya, ye si dava ja. Yes, he is a doctor.

no no, not

mi no si Sara. I'm not Sarah.

mi no si dava ja. I'm not a doctor.

sual tu bon? Are you well?
ya. mi bon. Yes, I'm well.

sual tu bon? Are you well?
no, mi no bon. No, I'm not well.

You can use no to deny anything. It is placed before the word that is denied.

ye no salam mi. He/she doesn't greet me.

Etymology. no is from Spanish: no, English no, French: non.

Plural pronouns

Plural pronouns are created like this: mi (I) → mimon (we)
tu (you) → tumon (you all)
ye (he, she, it) → yemon (they)

mimon salam tumon. We greet you all.

tumon salam yemon. You greet them.

yemon salam mimon! They greet us.

mimon si fem. We are women.

tumon si man. You are men.

yemon si aple. They are apples.

ke? what? who?

ke? What?

tu si ke? Who are you?
mi si Tomas. I'm Thomas.

ye si ke? Who is he/she?
ye si Sara. She is Sarah.

tumon si ke? Who are you people?

yemon si ke? Who are they?

Etymology. ke is from Spanish: qué, Portuguese: que, Italian: che, Bengali: কী "ke".

ni & go this and that

ni si ke? What's this?

ni si aple. This is an apple.

go si ke? What is that?

go si oranje. That is an orange.

ni si lal aple. This is a red apple.

ni aple si lal. This apple is red.

ni si lal. This is red.

yemon na ke? Where are they?

yemon na ni. They are here.

yemon na go. They are there.

su 's (possessive particle)

ni si ke? What's this?

ye si mi su telefon. It's my telephone.

ni si ke su? Whose is this?

ye si mi su. It's mine.

Note: Possessive particle su is put between the owner and the owned thing. So mi su means "my", tu su means "your" and so on.

ye si ke? Who's he/she?

ye si mi su doste. He/she is my friend.

mi si Sara su doste. I am Sarah's friend.

Etymology. su English 's, Afrikaans se, Spanish su.

nam name

tu su nam si ke? What's your name?

mi su nam si Tomas. My name is Thomas.

ye su nam si ke? What is his/her name?

ye su nam si Sara. Her name is Sarah.

Etymology. nam is from Hindi: नाम "nām", Farsi: نام‏‎ "nām", Thai: นาม "naam", Indonesian: nama, Japanese: 名前 "namae", German: Name, English: name.

tena have

mi tena un bon dom. I have a good house.

ye no tena pesa. He/she doesn't have money.

mi vol tena un nove telefon. I want to have a new phone.

sual tu tena ben? Do you have children?
mi tena du ben. I have two children.

sabe to know

mi sabe ye. I know him/her/it.

sual tu sabe vo jan? Do you know that person?

sual tumon sabe se kon? Do you know each other?

mimon sabe se kon ze long. We know each other for a long time.

mede help

mi yau mede. I need help.

sual tu bil mede mi? Can you help me?

sual mi bil mede tu? Can I help you?

mi vol mede tu. I want to help you.

Part 2: Eating

yam consume, eat, drink

sual tu vol yam yo? Would you like to eat something?

ye yam un aple. He/she eats an apple.

yemon yam ba aple. They eat apples.

Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like aple can refer to one or more apples.

sual tu yam kafe? Do you drink coffee?

ya. mi yam kafe. Yes, I drink coffee.

Tip: Meaning of yam covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.

mi yam kafe si pang. I'm having coffee and bread.

vol want

sual tu vol yam? Would you like to eat?

tu vol yam ke? What would you like to eat?

Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.

mi vol yam kafe. I want to drink coffee.

sual tu vol yam chai? Would you like to drink tea?
no. mi no vol chai. mi vol kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.

tu vol ke aple? Which apple do you want?
ni lal. This red one.

ching request, please

mi ching tu yam chai. I ask you to drink tea.

mi ching tu lai dom. I ask you to come home.

mi ching tu mede mi. I ask you to help me.

Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.

ching yam chai. Please, have some tea!

ching yam kafe. Please, have some coffee!

ching lai dom. Please, come home!

ching mede mi. Please, help me.

haida let's

haida yam! Let's eat!

haida gou yam! Let's go eat!

haida gou dom. Let's go home.

yau need

mi yau mede. I need help.

mi yau yam. I'm hungry.

sual tu yau yam? Are you hungry?

sual tu yau sui? Are you thirsty?

Part 3. Communication

maf sorry, pardon

maf! mi no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.

maf! ni si ke? Excuse me, what's this?

maf. tu su nam si ke? Excuse me, what's your name?

aha understand

sual tu aha mi? Do you understand me?

mi aha. I understand.

maf. mi no aha tu. Sorry. I don't understand you.

mi no bas aha tu. I didn't quite understand you.

mi aha nol. I don't understand at all.

bil can

mi bil shofe gar. I can drive a car.

ye no bil shofe gar. He/she doesn't know how to drive a car.

sual tu bil reibona ye? Do you know how to fix it?

sual tu bil pandunia? Can you speak Pandunia?

mi bil pandunia. I can speak Pandunia.

mi bil lilo pandunia. I can speak a little Pandunia.

mi no bil english. I can't speak English.

maf. mi no bil tu su bax. Sorry, I can't speak your language.

loga to say, speak, talk

tu loga ke? What did you say?

mi loga do tu. I talk to you.

mimon loga do se kon. We talk to each other.

men loga "cat" na ke yang na pandunia? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?

"cat" si ke na pandunia? What is "cat" in Pandunia?

mau loga miau. Cat says meow.

audi to listen, hear

audi mi! Listen to me!

mi no bil audi tu. I can't hear you.

ching loga forto. Please speak louder.

mi audi musike. I listen to music.

tu audi ke yang di musike? What kind of music do you listen to?

vide to see

suku vide tu. Pleased to see you!

vide tu re! See you again!

vide tu na pos den! See you tomorrow!

mi vide ye na chen den. I saw him/her yesterday.

mana to mean

ni loga mana ke? What does this word mean?

"mau" mana ke? What does "mau" mean?

ye mana un yang da zou. It means a kind of animal.

mi no aha ye mana ke. I don't understand what it means.

kitaba write

ching kitaba tu su adres. Please, write your address.

ching kitaba ye na ni. Please, write it here!

basha speak a language, communicate

sual tumon basha pandunia. Do you speak Pandunia?

mimon basha pandunia. We speak Pandunia.

sual tu bil basha english? Can you speak English?

france, espan, portugal, rus French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian

putong han, nipon, indonesia Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian

arabi, turke, farsi, urdu, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi

suahili, hausa, yoruba, amari Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic

Part 4. Going around

gou to go

tu gou ke? Where are you going?

mi gou la dom. I'm going home.

mi mus gou ke? Where should I go?

mi mus gou do ke jan? To whom should I go?

haida gou! Let's go!

haida gou na fute Let's go by foot!

lai to come

ching lai! Come here!

tu lai ze ke? Where do you come from?

mi lai ze Dubai. I come from Dubai.

mi lai dom na pos den. I will come home tomorrow.

safar to travel

sual tu safar na tren? Do you travel by train?

mimon safar ze London do Paris. We travel from London to Paris.

safar tre long. The voyage is very long.

na in, on, at

hotel na ke? Where is the hotel?

hotel na go dau. The hotel is on that road.

tu na ke? Where are you?

mi na dom. I'm at home.

ye na ke? Where is he/she?

ye side na kamar. He/she sits in the room.

Tip! You can use na as a preposition or alone as the verb.

mi kara na... I work at ...

dom to live, reside

tu doma ke? Where do you live?

mi dom Singapur. I live in Singapore.

sual tu dom ni hotel? Do you live in this hotel?

Tip: It is also okay to say tu dom na ke? instead of tu dom ke. However dom already covers the meaning of being at somewhere, so na is not necessary.

deng to wait

ching deng! Please wait!

deng mi! Wait for me!

yemon deng mimon. They wait for us.

mi deng tu na hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.

Part 5. Time expressions

zai currently

mi zai salam tu su doste.
I am greeting your friend.

man ya zai vide un filme.
The man is watching a film.

ye zai si shefe.
He or she is currently the chief.

ye zai na dom.
He or she is currently at home.

pas in the past

mi pas salam tu su doste.
I greeted your friend.

man ya pas vide un filme fem.
The man watched a film.

ye pas si shefe.
He or she was the chief.

ye pas na dom.
He or she was at home.

le already, completed

mi le salam tu su doste.
I have greeted your friend.

man le vide un filme.
The man has watched a film.

ye le si shefe.
He or she has been the chief.

ye le na la dom.
He or she has been at home.

sha in the future

mi sha salam tu su doste.
I will greet your friend.

man sha vide la filme.
The man will watch the film.

ye sha si shefe.
He or she will be the chief.

ye sha na dom.
He or she will be at home.

Part 6. Doing business

don give

ching don yo pesa. Please give some money.

ching don ye do mi. Please give it to me.

mi don ni do tu. I give this to you.

mi don buku do yemon. I give a book to them.

ye no vol don ye do mi. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.

kapa take, get

mi kapa un kafe. I will take a coffee.

ching kapa un kafe do mi. Please take one coffee for me.

tu pas kapa pesa ze mi. You already got money from me before.

mi kapa un bir. I will take a beer.

kire rent, lease, hire

kire si 500 dolar na mes.
The rent is 500 dollars in a month.

ye no bil pei la kire.
He/she can't pay the rent.

mi vol kapa un gar na kire.
I want to take a car for rent.

mi vol kira kapa un gare. I want to rent a car.

ye kira don la kamar do safarer. He/she rents rooms to travelers.