New words can be built freely in Pandunia! Pandunia has a productive system of word derivation.
How to combine words
Two or more words can be put together to make a compound word. The last word is the most meaningful part in the compound and the words that come before it only modify its meaning.
demo (the people) + krati (rule) = demo krati (democracy).
an demo krati di (undemocratic)
termo (warmth) + metre (measurement) + gi (device) = termo metre gi (thermometer).
Creates verbs that reverse the meaning of the base verb.
(to tie) →
tapa (to plug, to close with a plug) → an tapa (to unplug, to open the plug).
di denotes someone or something that is characterized by the base word.
dom di – domestic
oranje rang orange color → oranje rang di orange-colored
Creates agent nouns. It denotes a person who does or causes the action.
(to eat) →
(one who eats, eater)
shula (to learn) → shula ja (one who learns, learner)
karate (karate) → karate ja (one who does karate, karateka)
(to speak) →
(speaker, the one who speaks)
filsofi (to think deeply) → filsofi ja (philosopher)
mata (death) → mata ja (killer)
The derivative can be also more loosely associated with the root.
muskete (musket) → muskete ja (musketeer)
kasa (cash box) → kasa ja (cashier)
Indicates a device, machine, or tool that is used for the action.
(flying machine, aircraft)
foto grafi (photograph) → foto grafi gi (camera)
pince (pinch) → pince gi (pliers)
Creates abstract nouns representing a quality or state.
huru (free) → huru ta (freedom)
un (one) un ta (oneness, unity)
Indicates possibility. It is often used with the agent suffix ja.
bilja able, capable
(to see) →
(which can be seen, visible)
vide bil ja (who/which can see)
Creates aggregate nouns. It denotes a group or set of elements.
nesi jama archipelago
loga jama vocabulary
A field of expertise, or a set of techniques for using or making something.
enjener suta engineering
sapatu suta shoemaking
Denotes an ideology or a way of thinking or living (an ism). It is often used with the agent suffix ja.
This suffix that denotes a person who tends to behave or think in a certain way or to follow a certain ideology or religion.
deu sim theism (system of belief in a god or gods) deu sim ja theist (one who believes in existence of a god or gods)
deu sim di theistic
Indicates a thing that exhibits an attribute or suffers an action.
sabe to know
sabe she known thing (knowledge)