Word derivation

New words can be built freely in Pandunia! Pandunia has a productive system of word derivation.

How to combine words

Two or more words can be put together to make a compound word. The last word is the most meaningful part in the compound and the words that come before it only modify its meaning.

demo (the people) + krati (rule) = demo krati (democracy).

an demo krati di (undemocratic)

termo (warmth) + metre (measurement) + gi (device) = termo metre gi (thermometer).

Common affixes

an

Creates verbs that reverse the meaning of the base verb.

node (to tie) → an node (to untie)
tapa (to plug, to close with a plug) → an tapa (to unplug, to open the plug).

di

di denotes someone or something that is characterized by the base word.

dom – home
dom di – domestic
oranje rang orange color → oranje rang di orange-colored

ja

Creates agent nouns. It denotes a person who does or causes the action.

yam (to eat) → yam ja (one who eats, eater)
shula (to learn) → shula ja (one who learns, learner)
karate (karate) → karate ja (one who does karate, karateka)

loga (to speak) → loga ja (speaker, the one who speaks)
filsofi (to think deeply) → filsofi ja (philosopher)
mata (death) → mata ja (killer)

The derivative can be also more loosely associated with the root.

sapatu (shoe) → sapatu ja (shoemaker)
muskete (musket) → muskete ja (musketeer)
kasa (cash box) → kasa ja (cashier)

gi

Indicates a device, machine, or tool that is used for the action.

fei (fly) → fei gi (flying machine, aircraft)
foto grafi (photograph) → foto grafi gi (camera)
pince (pinch) → pince gi (pliers)

ta

Creates abstract nouns representing a quality or state.

nove (new) → nove ta (newness, novelty)
huru (free) → huru ta (freedom)
un (one) un ta (oneness, unity)

bil

Indicates possibility. It is often used with the agent suffix ja.

bil possible
bilja able, capable

vide (to see) → vide bil (which can be seen, visible)
vide bil ja (who/which can see)

jama

Creates aggregate nouns. It denotes a group or set of elements.

nesi jama archipelago
loga jama vocabulary

suta

A field of expertise, or a set of techniques for using or making something.

enjener suta engineering
sapatu suta shoemaking

sim

Denotes an ideology or a way of thinking or living (an ism). It is often used with the agent suffix ja.

This suffix that denotes a person who tends to behave or think in a certain way or to follow a certain ideology or religion.

deu god
deu sim theism (system of belief in a god or gods) deu sim ja theist (one who believes in existence of a god or gods)
deu sim di theistic

she

Indicates a thing that exhibits an attribute or suffers an action.

sabe to know
sabe she known thing (knowledge)