There are two types of adverbs in Pandunia, adverbs of degree and adverbs of comparison.
Adverbs of degree
Adverbs of degree tell us about the intensity of something.
tai – too
bas – quite, sufficiently, enough
max – more
min – less
Adverbs of degree are placed before the adjective that they modify.
un dai man
– a big man
un tre dai man – a very big man
un tai dai man – a too big man
un bas dai man – a big enough man / a sufficiently big man
The adverb and adjective together form a compound adverb that can modify a verb or a sentence. The compound adverb is placed immediately before the verb that it modifies.
– very much
mi tre muche vol loga.
– I want very much to speak.
mi vol tre muche loga. – I want to speak very much.
It is also possible to place the compound adverb very last in the sentence, and then it modifies the sentence as a whole. The meaning is the same like when the compound adverb modifies the main verb.
mi vol loga tre muche.
– I want to speak very much.
sual tu sona bas bon? – Did you sleep well enough?
Adverbs of comparison
Adjectives can be compared with the adverbs of comparison.
- max (more) indicates comparison of superiority
- maxim (most) indicates the superlative of superiority
- min (less) indicates comparison of inferiority
- minim (least) indicates the superlative of inferiority
- par (as or equally) indicates the comparison of equality
The particle ka relates the adverbs of comparison to the object of comparison.
aple e max bon ka oranje.
= Apples are better than oranges.
oranje e min bon ka aple. = Oranges are less good than apples.
tu loga par bon ka mi. = You speak as well as me.