Adverbs

There are two types of adverbs in Pandunia, adverbs of degree and adverbs of comparison.

Adverbs of degree

Adverbs of degree tell us about the intensity of something.

tre – very
tai – too
bas – quite, sufficiently, enough
max – more
min – less

Adverbs of degree are placed before the adjective that they modify.

un dai man – a big man
un tre dai man – a very big man
un tai dai man – a too big man
un bas dai man – a big enough man / a sufficiently big man

The adverb and adjective together form a compound adverb that can modify a verb or a sentence. The compound adverb is placed immediately before the verb that it modifies.

tre muche – very much mi tre muche vol loga. – I want very much to speak.
mi vol tre muche loga. – I want to speak very much.

It is also possible to place the compound adverb very last in the sentence, and then it modifies the sentence as a whole. The meaning is the same like when the compound adverb modifies the main verb.

mi vol loga tre muche. – I want to speak very much.
sual tu sona bas bon? – Did you sleep well enough?

Adverbs of comparison

Adjectives can be compared with the adverbs of comparison.

  • max (more) indicates comparison of superiority
  • maxim (most) indicates the superlative of superiority
  • min (less) indicates comparison of inferiority
  • minim (least) indicates the superlative of inferiority
  • par (as or equally) indicates the comparison of equality

The particle ka relates the adverbs of comparison to the object of comparison.

aple e max bon ka oranje. = Apples are better than oranges.
oranje e min bon ka aple. = Oranges are less good than apples.
tu loga par bon ka mi. = You speak as well as me.