Numerals

Cardinal numbers

Quantity can be expressed with numerals and other quantity-words. They are put before the word or phrase that they qualify.

un sing – one star
du sing – two stars
tri sing – three stars
shau sing – few stars
ba sing – many stars

un dai kursi – one big chair
du dai kursi – two big chairs
tri bon kursi – three good chairs

The basic number words are:

  • 0 siro
  • 1 un
  • 2 du
  • 3 tri
  • 4 chatre
  • 5 penta
  • 6 luku
  • 7 sete
  • 8 bato
  • 9 tisa

Greater numbers are simply made by putting one digit after another – exactly like they are written in the universal numerical language of mathematics.

  • 10 un siro or des
  • 11 un un
  • 12 un du
  • 13 un tri
  • 20 du siro or du des
  • 21 du un
  • 22 du du
  • 100 un siro siro or cen
  • 101 un siro uno or cen un
  • 200 du siro siro or du cen

Numbers that are greater than 999 may use the multiples from the International System of Units. So for example kilo denotes a multiple of a thousand.

  • 1 000 kilo
  • 1 000 000 mega
  • 1 000 000 000 giga
  • 1 000 000 000 000 tera
  • 1015 peta
  • 1018 eksa
  • 1021 zeta
  • 1024 yota

Sometimes it is known from the context how many objects are spoken about. For example, the word sol (sun) normally refers to just one sun because there is only one sun in the solar system.

Ordinal numbers

Ordinal numbers are created with the particle me.

  • un me – first
  • du me – second
  • tri me – third
  • chatre me – fourth
  • penta me – fifth
  • luku me – sixth
  • sete me – seventh
  • bato me – eighth
  • tisa me – ninth
  • des me – tenth

They are placed before the modified noun like normal adjectives.

un me fen – the first part
du me fen – the second part
tri me fen – the third part

Fractions

Fractions are formed with the help of the ordinal particle me.

un du me – a half, ½
un chatre me – a fourth, a quarter, ¼
tri chatre me – three fourths, three quarters, ¾
un cen me – a hundredth, a percent, %
un kilo me – a thousandth, a permille, ‰

Note that it is siginificant where me is placed.

un du me hor – a half hour
un me du hor – the first two hours

du tri me pai – two thirds of a pie
du me tri pai – the second (batch of) three pies

Date and time

Days of the week

In naming the days of the week, a number indicating the day (starting from Monday) is followed by the ordinal particle me and den which means the period of 24 hours. So 'Monday' is literally 'first-day', 'Tuesday' is 'second-day', 'Wednesday' is 'third-day', etc.

  1. un me den – Monday
  2. du me den – Tuesday
  3. tri me den – Wednesday
  4. chatre me den – Thursday
  5. penta me den – Friday
  6. luku me den – Saturday
  7. sete me den – Sunday

Months

The names of months are made like the names of days but this time the word mes ("month") is used.

  1. un me mes – January
  2. du me mes – February
  3. tri me mes – March
  4. chatre me mes – April
  5. penta me mes – May
  6. luku me mes – June
  7. sete me mes – July
  8. bato me mes – August
  9. tisa me mes – September
  10. des me mes – October
  11. des un me mes – November
  12. des du me mes – December