# Numerals

## Cardinal numbers

Quantity can be expressed with numerals and other quantity-words. They are put before the word or phrase that they qualify.

**un sing**
– one star

**du sing**
– two stars

**tri sing**
– three stars

**shau sing**
– few stars

**ba sing**
– many stars

**un dai kursi**
– one big chair

**du dai kursi**
– two big chairs

**tri bon kursi**
– three good chairs

The basic number words are:

- 0
**siro** - 1
**un** - 2
**du** - 3
**tri** - 4
**chatre** - 5
**penta** - 6
**luku** - 7
**sete** - 8
**bato** - 9
**tisa**

Greater numbers are simply made by putting one digit after another – exactly like they are written in the universal numerical language of mathematics.

- 10
**un siro**or**des** - 11
**un un** - 12
**un du** - 13
**un tri** - 20
**du siro**or**du des** - 21
**du un** - 22
**du du** - 100
**un siro siro**or**cen** - 101
**un siro uno**or**cen un** - 200
**du siro siro**or**du cen**

Numbers that are greater than 999 may use the multiples from the International System of Units. So for example kilo denotes a multiple of a thousand.

- 1 000
**kilo** - 1 000 000
**mega** - 1 000 000 000
**giga** - 1 000 000 000 000
**tera** - 10
^{15}**peta** - 10
^{18}**eksa** - 10
^{21}**zeta** - 10
^{24}**yota**

Sometimes it is known from the context how many objects are spoken about.
For example, the word **sol** (sun) normally refers to just one sun because there is only one sun in the solar system.

## Ordinal numbers

Ordinal numbers are created with the particle **me**.

**un me**– first**du me**– second**tri me**– third**chatre me**– fourth**penta me**– fifth**luku me**– sixth**sete me**– seventh**bato me**– eighth**tisa me**– ninth**des me**– tenth

They are placed before the modified noun like normal adjectives.

**un me fen**
– the first part

**du me fen**
– the second part

**tri me fen**
– the third part

## Fractions

Fractions are formed with the help of the ordinal particle
**me**.

**un du me**
– a half, ½

**un chatre me**
– a fourth, a quarter, ¼

**tri chatre me**
– three fourths, three quarters, ¾

**un cen me**
– a hundredth, a percent, %

**un kilo me**
– a thousandth, a permille, ‰

Note that it is siginificant where **me** is placed.

**un du me hor**
– a half hour

**un me du hor**
– the first two hours

**du tri me pai**
– two thirds of a pie

**du me tri pai**
– the second (batch of) three pies

## Date and time

#### Days of the week

In naming the days of the week, a number indicating the day (starting from Monday) is followed by
the ordinal particle
**me**
and
**den**
which means the period of 24 hours.
So 'Monday' is literally 'first-day', 'Tuesday' is 'second-day', 'Wednesday' is 'third-day', etc.

**un me den**– Monday**du me den**– Tuesday**tri me den**– Wednesday**chatre me den**– Thursday**penta me den**– Friday**luku me den**– Saturday**sete me den**– Sunday

#### Months

The names of months are made like the names of days
but this time the word
**mes**
("month") is used.

**un me mes**– January**du me mes**– February**tri me mes**– March**chatre me mes**– April**penta me mes**– May**luku me mes**– June**sete me mes**– July**bato me mes**– August**tisa me mes**– September**des me mes**– October**des un me mes**– November**des du me mes**– December