This word list consists of words in Pandunia and their translations to English. The list is arranged in the alphabetical order by Pandunia base words. Each dictionary entry consists of a word or compound word in Pandunia and its translation to English. There is only one translation when the meaning of the word and the meaning of its English translation are almost or completely the same. > **aple** - apple > **arane** - spider When the Pandunia word can be translated in more than one way, the most common translation is first and it is followed by more specific translations inside parenthesis. > **cira** - tear (rip, split) If there is more than one meaning, they are separated by the semicolon. > **cing** - ask (request, beg, plead; please) Sometimes there are two entries of the same word. > **huru** - free (unbound) > **fa huru** - free (liberate) The entry with **fa** is there only for including the verbal translation in English. Pandunia words are multipurpose words that can be used as verbs, adjectives, nouns and adverbs. Therefore it is normally enough to use only the main word of the dictionary entry in sentence contexts and the auxiliary verb **fa** can be left out. For example, **mi huru damen** is the proper way to say 'I free them' or 'I liberate them'. The sentence **mi fa huru damen** would mean the same thing but it would include the superfluous word **fa**. --- ## A a - by (at, in, on) a dura de - during (while) a jong - to be centered (amid, in the middle) a ke - where a kon - together (jointly, mutually) a korte - soon (after a while) a late - be beside (accompany) a lin - online a max - also (too, in addition) a medi - among (amid, between) a min de - except (minus) a neu - just (recently) a nice - under a poli mar - often (frequently) a pos - later (after) a re - backward (in reverse) a ri - again (repeatedly) a sabu de - because a supra - above (over) a tema de - about (concerning, on the topic of) a vai - outside a vakil de - on behalf of a vo - there a xukur de - thanks to a ye - here abies - fir tree acar - pickle acar di - pickled acar hiyar - gherkin (pickle) aci - sneeze (achoo) acini yum - actinium ada - habit (custom) ada di - ordinary (customary, habitual, normal) adamas - diamond adil - just (fair, righteous) adilkan - court of justice adilta - justice adres - address adres zi - @ symbol Afghan - Afghanistan Afrika - Africa agile - agile agri - cultivate (farm) agri bio logi - agrobiology agri deha - rural village agri di - agricultural agrija - farmer agri nomi - agronomy agri stan - countryside agri stan di - rural (rustic) agri suta - agriculture aha - realize (understand; aha) air - air air bio di - aerobic • anair bio di - anaerobic air ordu - airforce air porto - airport (aeroport) air prese - atmospheric pressure air prese metri gi - barometer ais - ice ais di - icy ais hoki - ice hockey ais krem - ice cream Aiti - Haiti ajabu - wonder (awe, marvel) ajabu di - amazing (astonishing) akare - tick (mite) akasia - acacia akrabe - scorpion (Scorpio) Alaska - Alaska alga - alga alga fungu - lichen alga jangal - kelp forest alkan - alkane alken - alkene alkil - alkyl alkin - alkyne alkol - alcohol alkol di - alcoholic alkasus - licorice almari - cupboard (closet, cabinet, wardrobe) alo - other alo di - otherwise (else) alofa - change (make different) alo fen di - discrete (distinct, separate, quantized) alo fon - allophone alo nam - that is (in other words, i.e., alias) alo rai - disagreement (disconsent) alo romanse di - heteroromantic alo sexe di - heterosexual alo sifa - difference alo sifa di - different alpaka - alpaca alumin - aluminium alumin mate - alum alumin oxide - alumina (aluminum oxide) ama - but (rather) Amara - Amhara (an Ethiopian ethnic group and language) amen - trust (be sure of, have faith in) amenbil - trustworthy (loyal, faithful) amenbilta - loyalty (faithfulness) amen di - sure (certain, trusted) Amerika - America (continent) Amerika di - American Amerika Samoa - American Samoa amerika yum - americium amide - amide amin - amine amir - order (command) amir dexa - emirate amir haki - authority (power to give orders) amir ja - emir amir lin - command line (console, terminal) amper - ampere (amp) ampul - ampoule (vial) ancovi - anchovy anda - egg Andes - Andes andesite - andesite Andora - Andorra angar - anchor Angola - Angola angul - finger (toe) angul marke - fingerprint angul pike - fingertip angul ring - finger ring anime - animation (cartoon) anis - anise anis araki - raki anjil - message anjil ja - messenger Antartika - Antarctica Antartika Hai - Antarctic Ocean antena - antenna (aerial) Antigua - Antigua Antigua i Barbuda - Antigua and Barbuda antra - intestines (entrails, guts, bowels, viscera) anus - anus anus di - anal aple - apple aple sos - applesauce aplika - apply (put to use for a purpose; application) aposum - opossum Apsni - Abkhazia arabi - Arabia (Arab; Arabic) arabi babul - babul tree (thorny acacia) araki - liquor arane - spider arane fobi - arachnophobia arane nete - spiderweb (cobweb) arbuza - watermelon Arcah - Artsakh area - area (region) argente - silver Argentina - Argentina argon - argon argu - argument (rationale, grounds) Ariel - Ariel arka - bow (arch, arc) arka cati - vault (arched ceiling or roof) arka ja - archer arka suta - archery aroma - scent (odor, fragrance, aroma) aroma melon - Korean melon arsen yum - arsenic arte baxa - artistic language (artlang) arte fete - artifact (artefact) arte fete baxa - artificial language (conlang) arte fete di - artificial arte fete intelige (AI) - artificial intelligence (AI) arteja - artist arte sanaja - artisan (craftsman) Artika - Arctic Artika Hai - Arctic Ocean Aruba - Aruba asal - origin (source) asal Amerka jen - Amerindian (Native American) asal Australia jen - Australian Aboriginal asal di - original (authentic) asan - posture (asana) asar - effect (impact, impression, result, outcome) asia - Asian Asia - Asia askete - ascetic asma - asthma asparge - asparagus astatin - astatine astro - celestial body astro nave - starship astro nave ja - astronaut astro nomi - astronomy astro nomi ja - astronomer ata - sugar-apple (sweetsop) Athina - Athens ati - act (deed) • deativi - deactivate (disable, turn off) • deativifa - deactivate (turn off) • dusati - misdeed (sin, vice) • interati - interact • interativi - interactive • reati - react • reation - reaction • ation - action • atir - agent (doer, actor) • ativi - active (working; activate, enable, turn on, trigger) • anativi - off (deactivated, disabled, inactive) • ativifa - activate (turn on) atlanti bakalau - Atlantic cod Atlanti Hai - Atlantic Ocean atlanti salmon - Atlantic salmon atom - atom atom bomba - atomic bomb atom kerne - atomic nucleus atom vuki - atomic weapon audi - hear (listen) auge - augment (increase, rise; boom, peak, apex, zenith, heyday) auro - gold Australia - Australia Austronesi - Austronesia auto - self (identity) auto krati - autocracy (monarchy) auto loga - monolog auto move - self-moving (automotive, automobile) auto nomi - autonomy auto nomi di - autonomous autor - author (auteur, independent actor) avakate - avocado avar - damage (injury, harm) avar di - damaged (corrupt) avar ja - harmful (damaging) ave - oat axa - hope (wish) axa hin - hopeless axe - axis (axle) Axur - Assur Axur dexa - Assyria aya - maid (nanny, ayah) ayo - ouch (expressing pain, distress, shock and fear) Azerbaijan - Azerbaijan ## B babu - chapter (section) babuce - slipper babul - thorn tree (acacia, wattle) baca - child (minor) badal - exchange (swap, replace, trade, switch) badam - almond badan - body badan di - bodily (corporal) badavi - bedouin (nomadic) baga - bag bagaje - luggage (baggage) bagi - yard (garden) bagi bele - spade bagre - tiger bagre oselote - oncilla bah - bah baha din - Baha'ism baha din ja - Baha'ist Bahama - Bahamas Bahrain - Bahrain bai - lose (be defeated) baka - bake baka ja - baker bakakan - bakery (bakehouse) baka poto - terracotta bakalau - cod baki - rest (remainder) baku - white baku coi - bok choy baku margarite - oxeye daisy baku salmon - chum salmon baku varis - white rice bala - strong • anbala - weak (feeble) balakan - gym (fitness center) balata - force (strength, power) balaton - accent (stress) baldi - bucket balon - balloon balon pexe - pufferfish baluta - oak tree baluta frute - acorn bambu - bamboo bamia - okra (okro) banana - banana banda - band (squad, group) bande - band (tape, bandage) bandera - flag (banner) bangla baxa - Bengali language (Bangla) Bangla dexa - Bangladesh banka - save (deposit, bank) bankakan - bank (depository, cache) bankar - banker banka rute - bankrupt (insolvent) banka xefe - bank manager bano - board (pane, panel) bano geme - board game banya - bath banya kamar - bathroom bar - bar bar vala - bartender bara - bar (obstruct, block) bara mur - barrier (fence) Barbados - Barbados barbar - barbarian Barbuda - Barbuda barde - beard bari - heavy (requiring much effort, hard, difficult, serious, important, etc.) bari metal - heavy metal bari yum - barium barka - congratulations! (blessing, benediction) Barti - India barti - Indian Barti Hai - Indian Ocean baru - bear barude - gunpowder barxa - rain (precipitation) barxa cati - umbrella barxa kote - raincoat barxa mosim - rainy season (monsoon) barxa sui - rainwater bas - enough (sufficient) basen - pool (basin, bowl) baske - basket (basketball hoop) baske bol - basket ball bata - duck bata krote - platypus bati - eight (8) batri - battery bau - treasure (valuables) bau bei - darling (dear companion) bau di - precious bau seku - gem (gemstone, jewel) baxa - speak (talk, language, communication) • dubaxaka - bilingual • konbaxa - common language • polibaxaka - multilingual • trabaxa - translate (interpret; translation, interpretation) • trabaxar - interpreter (translator) • unbaxaka - monolingual baxa jinse - grammatical gender baxa kanun - grammar baxa kanun di - grammatical baxa logi - linguistics baya - bay (gulf) baze strute - intrastructure (underbuilding) bazar - market (bazaar) bazar huru sim - market liberalism baze - base (foundation) baze bol - baseball baze di - basic baze ja - founder baze kanun - consitution baze petra - bedrock baze sim - principle baze xulakan - primary school (elementary school, gradeschool) be - undergo (passivizing verb) be ais - freeze (get frozen) be ajabu - wonder (be amazed) be an zai - disappear (vanish) be biomute - ferment (leaven) be boi - float (swim) be boli - boil (be boiled) be bum - explode (blow up) be cen - predate (be before) be dai - grow (get bigger, inflate, swell) be dara - flow be dom - live in (reside in, inhabit) be duka - grieve be dura - last (take time; during) be estasi - stand still be fatige - get tired (become weary) be fen - split (fall apart, divide, separate) be fin - end be fobi - fear (be afraid) be fuzi liga - merge (fuse) be gamo - feel be gas - gasify (vaporize) be gau - rise (go up) be gau gradu - level up (graduate) be gene - be born be ging - align (go along) be halte - stop (halt) be hapu - fit (suit, be suitable) be harabu - crash (shut down, terminate) be hogo - burn (be burned) be in - enter (get in) be in bum - implode (collapse) be islam - surrender (submit, yield) be jaga - wake (become awake) be jin - advance (progress, go forward, enter) be kai - become open be karibu - approach (get near) be kino - move oneself be krus - cross (go across) be kux - lie (lie down) be laxe - stay behind (linger) be loka - be located (lie, be situated) be mal - belong be mata - die be max - exceed (be greater than) be migra - move (migrate, relocate oneself) be min - subceed (be less than) be mirde - fade be nam - be called (be named) be nice - go under be par - equal be pasi - suffer (get hurt) be pute - decay (rot, deteriorate) be raste - grow (grow up, expand) be razon - make sense be reste - remain (stay) be retro - return (get back) be rota - rotate (spin, turn on an axis) be rupa - seem be rute galte - stray (deviate) be sabi vol - wonder (be interested in, would like to know) be sam rupa - resemble (be like) be sel - should (ought) be sona - sleep be supra - surpass (go over) be tam - covet be tele loka - teleport be teza - intensify be turbe - be bothered by (bother to, take the trouble to) be vai - exit (get out) be vanu - enjoy (play) be vide - be seen be xuru - begin (get started) be zai - appear bebe - baby (infant) bebe bede - crib bede - bed bedinjan - eggplant (aubergine, brinjal) bega - escape (flee, run away) behe - goat bei - mate (fellow member of a social group) Beijing - Beijing (Peking) bel - bel (unit) bela - misfortune (misery, affliction, calamity, catastrophe, disaster, harm) Belarus - Belarus belca - shovel (spade, scoop) Belgi - Belgium Belize - Belize ben - child (offspring) ben ben - grandchild ben doh - granddaughter ben son - grandson benci - bench Benin - Benin benzin - gasoline (petrol) bere - beret beri - berry beril yum - beryllium berkli yum - berkelium Berlin - Berlin Bermuda - Bermuda bete - beetroot beton - concrete (material with cement) betula - birch tree Biblia - Bible Biblia di - Biblical bibre - beaver bici - whip bil - possible (able, can) bil e - maybe (perhaps) bil ja - capable (talent, skillful) bilta - ability bilor - crystal bina - building (structure) • konbina - combine bina plan - architecture bina plan ja - architect bindu - dot (spot) bio - life (organic) bio jinse - biological sex bio lasa - biowaste bio logi - biology (study of organic life) bio mute di - fermented bio sana xe - compost bio sistem - biome bio toxi - toxin bioxe - organism (living thing) bir - beer birkan - bar (pub, beer house) Bisau Ginia - Guinea-Bissau biskute - biscuit (cookie) bismute - bismuth bison - bison biznes - business (commercial activity) biznes ja - businessperson (businessman) blabla - chat (babble) blablakan - chat room bloge - blog (web log) bobo - fool (buffoon) boce - boxing boce pante - boxer shorts (boxers) bocer - boxer boi - float (buoy, bobber) boi punte nume - floating point number boikote - boycott boing - bounce boka - mouth boka cati - palate boka vele - velum bol - ball Bolgaria - Bulgaria boli - boil (cook) boli varis - cooked rice Bolivia - Bolivia bolte - bolt bomba - bomb bon - good bon gradu - upgrade (level up) bon guste di - delicious (yummy) bon max xe - bonus bon moral - virtue (morals) bon moral di - virtuous bon rai - approve bon sifa di - excellent bon sifata - excellence (quality, virtue) bon sin di - auspicious (promising) bon vide di - beautiful (handsome, good-looking) bon zar - good luck bor yum - bohrium bori - boredom bori di - bored boron - boron Bosna i Hercegovina - Bosnia and Herzegovina Bote - Tibet botel - bottle botel tapa - bottle cap bra - brother bra doh - fraternal niece bra son - fraternal nephew Brahma - Brahma brauza - explore (browse) brauza gi - browser bravo - brave (gallant, valiant) bravo - bravo! Brazavil - Brazzaville Brazavil Kongo - Congo (Brazzaville) Brazil - Brazil briko - apricot (plum, peach) Britan - United Kingdom brom - bromine broxa - brush broxa kalam - inkbrush (calligraphy brush) brun varis - brown rice Brunei - Brunei Darussalam bu! - boo! bubu - bogeyman (ghost) buca - butcher bucakan - abattoir (slaughterhouse) bucar - butcher Buda - Buddha Buda din - Buddhism Buda din ja - Buddhist Budapexte - Budapest bude - booth (cabin, stall, stand) budi - realization (awareness, enlightenment, bodhi) budi di - aware (enlightened) bufete - buffet (smorgasbord) buku - book bulbul - nightingale bum - explosion (blast, eruption) burge - fortress (castle, fort, stronghold) Burkina Faso - Burkina Faso buro - office (bureau) buro di - official (formal, bureaucratic) buro ja - secretary (clerk) buro ja grupe - secretariat burokan - office (room) buro krati - bureaucracy buro riti - etiquette (protocol, procedure) bus - bus bus halte - bus stop buste - bust (bosom) bute - butter butan - butane butil - butyl buta - boot buton - key (push-button, switch) buton bano - keyboard buyu - baobab ## C gata a caku - cut with a knife cade - Chad cai - tea cai camaca - teaspoon caikan - tea house cai kupa - tea cup cai pote - teapot cai vala - tea seller (chaiwallah) cakra - wheel caku - knife camaca - spoon campion - champion cana - moment (while) canse - opportunity (chance) capati - flatbread (chapati, roti) cape - print (stamp) carme - charm (attraction) cati - roof cau - grass cau kitaba - grass script (calligraphic cursive writing) cau medan - lawn cau stan - grassland (prairie) cavi - key ceka - examine (inspect, check) ceke - cheque (check) celsius gradu - degree Celsius ceng - layer (level, storey, floor, stratum) ceng bede - bunk bed cepe - catch (capture, take, seize) • acepe - accept (get, receive) • decepe - snatch (remove) • excepe - except (take out; save) • intercepe - intercept (snatch) • koncepe - conceive (take together; concept) • recepe - take back • receper - receiver (receptor) Ceres - Ceres (dwarf planet) ceres yum - cerium ceri - cherry cernagora - Montenegro cese - pass (go) • acese - access (admission; reach) • decese - pass away (die; deceased) • precese - precede (pass before) • procese - process (proceed, go forward) • proceser - processor • recese - recede (retreat) • sucese - succeed (go well, prosper) cesi yum - caesium ceska - Czech Republic ceti - seven (7) cetiden - week cian - cyan cile - Chile cili - pepper (capsicum) cili fun - paprika cimpanzi - chimpanzee cin - parent (mother or father) cin bra - uncle cin cin - grandparent cin ma - grandmother cin pa - grandfather cin sis - aunt cincila - chinchilla cing - request (petition) cing - ask (request, beg, plead; please) cing lai - invite cing na - here you are cini - porcelain (chinaware) cipe - Albania cira - tear (rip, split) cira cira - tear up (tatter, shred) cira cira di - tattered (ragged, torn) cira tela - rag (tattered cloth) cita - cheetah coda - fuck (copulate) coi - greens coklate - chocolate coklate kane - chocolate bar congcing - Chongqing copu - hoe cori - theft cori ja - thief cosen - Korea cosen di - Korean Cuana - Botswana culi - process (handling, treatment, procedure) cum - kiss cun - choose (elect, select, pick; choice, selection) • precun - default (preset, predecided) cunbil - option (choice, preference) cun liste - menu (catalog) cun yo gol - destine (set) cupu - suck (absorb) cuti - leave (go away, exit) cuti mun - exit door ## D da - he or she or it damen - they damen su - their damimen - we (exlusive we) da su - his or her dai - big (great, large) dai anjil ja - ambassador dai anjilkan - embassy dai barxa - downpour (heavy rain) dai dara - torrent dai dom - palace (mansion) dai gradu - amplify (scale) dai hai - ocean dai lasun - giant onion dai pau - gun (cannon) dai pau ja - cannoneer dai pote - cauldron dai seku - boulder dai siti - big city daita - size dai xulakan - university dai zi - capital letter (upppercase letter) daka - cover (lid, cap, deck) • andaka - uncover (reveal) dalil - proof (evidence, proof, demonstration, testimony) dalil dokumen - certificate dama geme - checkers (draughts) dan - rank (grade, dan) dana - particle (grain, bullet) dana.cau - millet dana sekur - bulletproof dang - ring (toll, clang) dang gi - bell danse - dance Danske - Danish Danske dexa - Denmark dante - tooth dante baluta - daimyo oak dante broxa - tooth brush dante dava ja - dentist dante hin - toothless dante kumu - alveolar ridge (gum ridge) dara - flow (current, stream) dara mate - liquid dara mate di - fluid (liquid) dara tubo - funnel darba - strike (punch) darmestadi yum - darmstadtium darti - soil (dirt) darti bon ja - fertilizer darti di - soily (dirty) darvin sim - Darwinism darvin sim ja - Darwinist data - data (numeric information) data banke - database (databank) data culi - data processing data culi logi - computer science data fen lize - data analysis data table - data table (matrix) dau - way (road) dau bano - road sign dau din - Taoism (Daoism) dau din ja - Taoist dava - heal (cure, treat, remedy) dava ja - doctor (medic, physician, healer) dava logi - medicine (field of study) dava sui - potion dava xe - medicine (drug, medication) dava xekan - drugstore (pharmacy) dava xelogi - pharmacology de - of (attributive preposition) de - from (since, because) defa - defense (defence) defa bano - shield defa ja - defender defa kaska - armor (shielding) deha - village Deimos - Deimos dele - wait (delay) dele do - wait for demi - people (population) demi di - public demi grafi - demography demi krati - democracy demi krati di - democratic demi krati ja - democrat demi polita - population demon - demon den - day (24 hours) • preden - yesterday den loge - diary (daily log) des - ten (deca-, 10) des kilo - ten thousand desen - drawing (design) desi - deci- desi bel - decibel detal - detail deu - god (deity) deu di - divine (godly) deu din - theism deu din ja - theist deu kata - myth (divine story) deu krati - theocracy deu logi - theology deu nagar zi - Devanagari alphabet • andeu sim ja - atheist deu sofi - theosophy dex - right (right hand side) dex di - right hand dexhanuka - right-handed (dexter) dexka - rightist (right-winger) dex sim ja - rightist (right-winger) dexa - country (land, state) dexa jen - citizen di - attributive postposition dia - day (daytime) dia foto - daylight dia yam - lunch dika - direct (point, aim; direction; target, objective) • indika - indicate (point into) din - religion (worship) din di - religious din guru - priest (cleric) din ja - believer (religious person) • andin ja - unbeliever (infidel) din xia - sect (cult) dinamite - dynamite dinde - turkey ding - determined (fixed, certain, definite, particular, specific) • anding - indeterminate (uncertain, indefinite, undecided) dingi - nail (spike) dino saur - dinosaur Dione - Dione diorite - diorite dipe - low (short, bottom) dipe gradu - level down dipe megi - fog (mist, haze) dipe moka - bush (shrub) dipe tela - carpet (rug) diske - disc (disk) disprosi yum - dysprosium divan - mad (insane, crazy) divanta - madness (insanity) Divehi - Maldives dobe - brick doh - daughter doh doh - daughter's daughter doh son - daughter's son Doice - Germany doice di - German dokumen - document (record, file) dokumen filme - documentary film dokumen sanduku - folder (directory) dolar - dollar dolfin - dolphin dom - home (house, residence) dom dexa - homeland dom di - domestic (tame) dom zeze - housefly Dominika - Dominica Dominika Vakil krati - Dominican Republic domino geme - dominoes don - give • redon - return (give back) don tabi - generous (open-handed) don xe - gift don xe ceke - gift certificate (gift card) dong - east (orient) dong di - eastern dong gorila - eastern gorilla Dong Timor - East Timor (Timor-Leste) donjon ventur - dungeon crawl dosil - tame (docile, obedient) dosil gene di - domesticated dosti - friend • andosti - enemy (unfriend) dosti di - friendly (kind, nice, gentle) dosti hin - friendless dostita - friendship dotor - doctor (scholar who has attained doctorate) dotorta - doctorate dou - bean or pea (legume) doxa - fault (sin, blame, defect, guilt) doxa di - guilty doze - portion (dose) drama - drama drama ironi - dramatic irony droge - drug (intoxicating substance) du - two (2) du baxa di - bilingual du grafi di - anaglyphic (stereoscopic) du mar - twice dume - second (2nd) du o tri - a couple of dupli - double (twofold; multiply by two) du romanse di - biromantic du semi di - double entendre du sexe di - bisexual du soni di - stereophonic du xe sim - dualism dua - prayer • dusdua - curse (damn, malediction) dubna yum - dubnium dudu - insect dugu - read duku - grieve (be sad; grief, sorrow) duku di - sad duman - smoke duna - dune dunia - world dunia baxa - world language dunia li - global dura - duration (time interval) • redura - continue (resume) durabil - durable (endurable, sustainable) dura di - chronic (lasting) dura metri gi - stopwatch dura zaman - period (era, epoch, term) dus - bad (unfavorable, negative, evil, wicked, troublesome, difficult) dus deu sim - dystheism (maltheism) dus forma di - malformed (deformed, disfigured) dus gradu - downgrade dus hal - hardship (difficulty, challenge) dus jen - enemy (foe, villain) dus nam - insult (offense) dus rai - disapprove (frown upon) dus sin di - ominous (foreboding) dus topi - dystopia dus vide - ugly (unsightly) dus zar - misfortune (bad luck) dute - lead (bring to) • dedute - deduce (lead from) • dedution - deduction • indute - induce (introduce, lead in) • kondute - conduct (lead together) • konduter - conductor (director) • produte - produce (lead forward) • paraprodute - side-product • posprodute - post-production • produter - producer • redute - reduce (lead back, take back) dux - shower ## E e - be eja - being (entity) eglisa - church einstein yum - einsteinium Eire - Ireland eko - environment (nature) eko di - environmental (natural) ekologi - ecology (study of environment) eko nati di - wild (savage) ekore - squirrel ekran - screen Ekuador - Ecuador elasti - elastic eletro - electricity eletro di - electric eletro lin - cable (wire, line) eletro posta (e-posta) - e-mail eletro radi - lightning bolt eletron - electron elfe - elf Enceladus - Enceladus energi - energy Englix - England englix di - English englix fili ja - anglophile englix fon di - anglophone (English speking) englix margarita - English daisy enjenir - engineer enzim - enzyme erbi yum - erbium Eris - Eris (dwarf planet) Eritra - Eritrea esai - essay eskale - stairs (ladder) • aneskale - get off (descend) eskale tana - vine eskandi yum - scandium Eskandinavia - Scandinavia Eskote - Scotland eskulte - sculpture (statue) eskulte ja - sculptor eskulte suta - sculpture (art of sculpting) Espanya - Spain espanya fon di - hispanophone (Spanish speaking) esperanto - Esperanto esponje - sponge esporte - sport (athletics) esporte ja - athlete (sportsman) estadi - stadium (arena) estan - tin estasi - station estasi di - static (stationary, still) estasi grafi - film frame (still) Esti - Estonia estibi yum - antimony estronti yum - strontium estude - study (work made in order to practise or demonstrate) estude ja - student estudekan - studio etan - ethane etanol - ethanol etil - ethyl Etiopia - Ethiopia eu - beneficial (good) eu anjil - gospel (divine message) eu deu sim - eutheism eu gene sim - eugenics eu loga - praise (eulogy) eutopi - utopia Eurasia - Eurasia eureka - find (discover) euro - euro (€) Europa - Europe europa baluta - English oak europa di - European Europa luna - Europa Europa Unta - European Union (EU) europa yum - europium exa - exa- ## F fa - do fa acar - pickle (preserve in vinegar or brine) fa ajabu - amaze fa alo rai - disagree fa amen - assure (affirm, confirm) fa an galte - debug fa an verse - invert (reverse) fa an zai - remove (delete, dispose, erase) fa anime - animate fa aplika - apply (put to use for a purpose) fa argu - argue (assert, prove, clarify) fa aroma - smell (sniff) fa aroma - smell (reek) fa asar - effect (bring about) fa auto - personalize (customize) fa avar - harm (damage) fa bande - tie (fasten, bind) fa banya - bathe fa barka - congratulate (bless) fa baze - found fa bina - build (construct) fa biznes lona - negotiate (arrange) fa budi - realize fa cape - press (imprint) fa cori - steal fa culi - treat (handle, manage, process) fa daka - cover (conceal) fa dalil - prove (demonstrate, testify) fa dante - bite fa darte bon - fertilize fa defa - defend fa dika - aim (point) fa ding - determine (establish, fix, decide, set, confirm, specify, resolve) fa dipe - lower (put down) fa dom - accommodate fa dosil - tame (train) fa dosil gene - domesticate (cultivate) fa dua - pray (beg, entreat, implore) fa duka - sadden (make sad) fa dura - pass (spend time, put time into) fa dus forma - disfigure fa dus nam - insult (offend, call names) fa englix kitaba - anglicize fa eskale - climb (get on) fa eskulte - sculpt (carve) fa estude - study (work in order to practise or demonstrate) fa eu loga - praise (eulogize) fa fantazi - imagine (fantasize) fa fatu - punish (penalize) fa fei - fly (go through air) fa fen - divide (partition, part, split, separate) fa fen do du - halve (divide by two) fa fikir - think (ponder, reflect) fa fin - finish (complete, end) fa fobi - scare (frighten) fa fokus - concentrate fa fon - pronounce (articulate) fa for - remove (take away) fa forma - shape (sculpt) fa fuku - dress (clothe sb.) fa fuku - wear (dress, put on) fa galte - make a mistake fa gami - marry fa gan - dry out fa gas - gasify (vaporize) fa gau - raise (lift) fa geme - play a game fa glas dake - glaze (vitrify) fa glu - stick (adhere, paste, glue) fa gol - achieve (accomplish, arrive, reach) fa gola - surround (encircle) fa grafi - draw fa guste - taste (sense flavor) fa halal - allow (permit) fa halte - stop (halt) fa hapu - fit (adapt, adjust, make suitable) fa harabu - ruin (destroy, devastate, demolish) fa haram - forbid (ban, disallow) fa has - distinguish fa hava - blow fa hen - hate (detest) fa hisabu - calculate fa hogo - burn (cause to burn) fa ici - will (want) fa in - enter (insert, put in) fa in klus - include (enclose, hold in) fa ja - doer (agent) fa jaga - wake (make awake) fa jama - collect (gather, bring together, assemble, congregate) fa jang - fight (do battle, make war) fa javabu - respond (give an answer) fa jela - imprison (jail) fa jin - put forward (advance, progress) fa jong - center (concentrate) fa jude - judge fa jui - warn (caution, alert) fa juxa - inject fa kai - open fa kaka - defecate (shit) fa kanal - channel (conduct) fa karga - charge (load) fa kata - tell (narrate) fa keka - visit fa kino - move (transfer, shift, stir, budge, rouse, motivate, inspire) fa klar - clarify (clear up) fa klas - classify (categorize) fa klon - clone (replicate) fa klus - close (shut) fa kode - encode (encrypt) fa koloni - colonize fa komputa - compute (to process data) fa komun - share fa kon sabi - communicate (inform about) fa kopi - copy (replicate) fa koste - cost fa krus fixe - crucify fa kung - pierce (perforate, bore) fa kux - lay (lay down) fa lai - bring fa lanse grafi - project (cast) fa Latin kitaba - romanize fa lenxi - practice (to exercise) fa libu - erect fa lifafa - wrap fa liga - associate fa lika - strengthen (reinforce) fa linke - connect (join, link) fa loga - say (speak, talk) fa loka - put (place, set) fa lona - debate (discuss) fa long - lengthen (prolong) fa maf - forgive (pardon) fa mal - own (possess) fa manera - behave (act) fa mantra - chant fa marce - walk (march) fa marke - mark (leave a mark) fa masaje - knead (massage) fa max - increase fa max lika - reinforce (replenish) fa maxim - maximize fa mece - compete (have a match) fa mede - help (assist) fa mei daka - decorate (embellish) fa memo - remember (recall) fa migra - move (migrate, relocate) fa min - decrease (lessen) fa min gradu - decrement fa min rai - underestimate fa ming - brighten fa minim - minimize fa model - model (design) fa mol - grind (grind in mill) fa muzika - play music fa nafas - breathe fa nahun - claw (scratch) fa najis - corrupt (pollute, soil, defile, stain, taint) fa nam - call (name) fa nati - give birth (beget, generate, breed) fa neu - renew (make new, renovate) fa nia - mean (intend) fa node - tie a knot fa nomi - manage (organize) fa note - notify fa nume - count (enumerate) fa oke - accept (say okay) fa onor - respect (honor, think highly of) fa ore - listen fa orto - straighten fa pada - drop (let fall) fa paka - coerce (use force, compel) fa pake - pack fa par - equalize (balance, even out) fa paraya - despise (scorn) fa parce - shatter (break into pieces) fa parti - participate (attend, partake, take part) fa pasi - hurt fa pati mise - infect fa pauza - pause (interrupt) fa pede - fart (flatulate) fa pei - pay fa pente - paint (cover in paint) fa pin - prick (sting) fa piping - evaluate (review, criticise) fa pix - piss (urinate) fa plan - intend (plan) fa plasti - mold (shape) fa poli - multiply fa politi - administer (govern) fa pos - follow (come after) fa posta - mail (send by mail) fa poze - pose (set, plant) fa prese - press (squeeze) fa pul - fill fa pul bon - perfect (optimize, refine, polish) fa radi - radiate fa rai - deem (opine, think that) fa rande - smoothen with a plane fa ratibu - order (arrange) fa re - repeat (iterate) fa redi - prepare (make ready) fa reporte - report (recount, relate) fa reside - acknowledge fa retro - return (put back) fa rezerve - reserve (book) fa rol - act (play a role) fa rolo - roll (wrap in) fa romanse - love romantically fa rota - rotate (make spin) fa sabu - cause (be the cause for) fa saf - clean (purify) fa saf va tela - wipe (clean with a cloth) fa safar - travel fa sahi - correct (make right) fa saide - hunt (fish) fa salam - greet fa sam rai - agree (concur) fa sam sifa - emulate (simulate, mimic, model) fa sana - produce (create, make) fa sekur - protect (secure, save) fa sel - advise (recommend) fa sense - sense (perceive, detect) fa serve - serve (give service) fa side - sit (put down) fa sifa - qualify (describe) fa sim - advocate (promote, support) fa sing foto - twinkle (sparkle) fa sir - hide (conceal) fa siro - cancel (nullify, delete, erase) fa soni - sound (make a sound) fa sor - lock (fasten) fa sosi - socialize (interact) fa sual - ask (inquire) fa sultan - rule (be in charge) fa sum - sum up (add together) fa tapa - plug (stop with a plug) fa tela - weave (knit) fa tele fon - call on the phone fa tense - tighten fa terca - tilt (skew) fa tese - argue (claim) fa transe - transit (pass through or across) fa trati - agree (make an agreement) fa truke - trick (cheat, deceive) fa turbe - bother (annoy, disturb, irritate) fa ulul - howl fa un xe - unite (merge, integrate) fa vai - oust (expel, exclude, except, save) fa vai klus - exclude (keep out) fa vai tense - extend (stretch out) fa vai trata - extract (draw out) fa valu - value (evaluate) fa vanu - amuse (entertain) fa ver - verify (authenticate) fa verse - turn around (flip) fa vise - substitute (replace) fa vode - promise (pledge) fa vote - vote (cast a vote) fa xarti - stipulate fa xipi - wet (dampen, moisten) fa xite - defecate (shit) fa xiti bai - lose (fail, miss, be defeated) fa xofer - drive (steer) fa xopi - buy (purchase) fa xou - show (display, demonstrate) fa xukur - thank fa xula - learn (study) fa xuli - repair (fix, mend) fa xuru - begin (start, commence, initiate) fa xux - silence (make silent) fa yagu - estimate (approximate) fa yen - eye (look, watch, observe, spectate) fa zai - summon (add, spawn, actualize) faida - use (utility, benefit, gain, advantage, asset) faida di - useful (beneficial, advantageous) faida xe - material (ingredient, resource) false - false (fake) false vide - illusion (hallucination) famili - family famili nam - surname (family name) fan - fan (be a fan, admire) fanati - admire (adore) fanatija - fanatic (enthusiast(ic)) fantazi - fantasy (imagination) fantazi di - fantastic (imaginary) fantom - ghost (phantom) fase - surface (face) fase area - area (extent of surface) fase tele - deep fase teleta - depth fasil - easy fasilta - ease (facility) fasinta - fascination fate - deed (fact) fati - supply (dispense, issue, put out) fatige - fatigue (weariness) fatu - punishment (penalty) fatu di - penal (penetenciary) fatura - bill (check, invoice) favor - favor (goodwill) faxi - bandage (strip, ribbon) faxisim - fascism faxisimja - fascist faxon - fashion (trend) faxon di - popular (trendy) faze - stage (phase) febre - fever fei - flight fei gi - airplane fei gi di kape ja - plane hijacker fei gi tikete - plane ticket fei muxu - bat (flying mammal) fem sim - feminism fem sim ja - feminist fen - part (component, segment, fraction, distinct element of something larger) fen di - partial fen don - contribute fenil - phenyl fen lize - analyse (analysis) fenol - phenol fere - deem (consider, regard, assign some quality to) • disfere - differ (consider different) • infere - infer • prefere - prefer (assess before) • refere - refer (assign back to) fermi yum - fermium fero - iron festa - celebrate (party) festa - party (celebration, festival) festa den - holiday fete - do (make; deed, fact) • defete - defeat (do away with) • exfete - effect (impact, influence, affect) • exfetevi - effective (influential) • infete - infect (infection) • parafete - side-effect • perfete - perfect (complete) • rifete - do again (repeat, iterate) fete baxa - artificial language (conlang) fetekan - factory feter - maker (factor, agent) feteria - factory (plant) figur - figure (representation) Fiji - Fiji fikir - thought (idea) fili - attraction (fascination, -philia) fili ja - fan (-phile) Filipin - Philippines Filistin - Palestinian Territory filme - film (movie or video) filme babu - episode (instalment of a drama) filsofi - philosophy filsofi di - philosophic filsofi ja - philosopher filtre - filter fin - end (ending) fin - already (completed action) fin di - ended (finished) finme - last (final) fine - fine (thin, narrow, slender, delicate) fiorde - fjord firuze - turquoise gem fito - plant (vegetable, vegetation) fitologi - botany (phytology) fito yam sim ja - vegetarian fixe - fix (attach; attachment) • afixe - affix • posfixe - postfix • prefixe - prefix fizika - physics • metafizika - metaphysics fizika di - physical fizika gi - hardware (physical device) fizika ja - physicist fizika suta - physics (science) flam - flame flece - arrow (bolt) flece ja - fletcher flerof yum - flerovium flexi - bend (flex) • deflexi - deflect (bend away) • reflexi - reflect (bend back) • reflexir - reflector • reflexi soni - echo • flexibil - flexible flur - fluorine fluride - fluoride fobi - fear (phobia) fobi di - afraid (scared) fobi ja - scary (frightening) Fobos - Phobos foku - focus (concentration) foli - scale (flake) foli kaska - scale mail fon - phone (telephone) foni - phone (speech sound) foni loga - pronounce (articulate) fonilogi - phonology fonime - phoneme foni zi - letter (character, written symbol) fonte - fountain (spring, well) fonte kalam - fountain pen fonyo - fonio millet (acha rice) for - off (away, gone, far-off) fora - drill (bore, perforate) forke - fork forma - form (shape, morph) • deforma - deform • dusforma - malform (disfigure; malformed, deformed, disfigured) • konforma - conform (fit, mold) • riforma - reform forma so - morpheme forum - forum (public space) fosfe - phosphorus fosfate - phosphate foto - light (illumination) foto di - light (bright) foto frike - polish foto gola - halo (aureola) foto grafi - photograph foto grafi gi - camera foto grafi ja - photographer foto grafi suta - photography fotokane - torch foto lin - optical fibre (optical cable) foto mata di - matte (opaque) foto minar - beacon (lighthouse) foto mira di - glossy foto radi - ray of light foto so - photon Franse - France Franse fon di - Francophone (French speaking) Franse fon dunia - Francophonie Franse Guyana - French Guiana Franse krepe - crepe Franse Polinesi - French Polynesia franse yum - francium frasen - ash tree frem - frame frike - rub (scrape, scrub) frutos - fructose frute - fruit frute bagi - orchard fufu - pulp (pap, mash, mush) fui - bah! (yuck!) fuka - return (restore, recover, resume) fuku - clothing (clothes) fuku di - clothed (dressed) fuku vaxi gi - washing machine fulan - such-and-such (so-and-so) fun - powder fungu - fungus (mushroom) fungu frute - mushroom (sporocarp) fungu nete - mycelium funsi - function (work) • defunsi - defunct (out of use) • dusfunsi - dysfunction (malfunction) • konfunsibil - compatible (supported) funsibil - functional (valid, workable) furete - polecat (ferret) furi - angry (furious) furita - anger (fury, rage, wrath) futau - axe (hatchet) fute - foot fute bano - scaffolding (gangplank) fute bol - football (soccer) fute marke - footprint fute xaka - leg fuzi - melt (liquify) fuzi liga - fusion (amalgamation) fuzi petra - lava fuzi saf - smelt ## G ga - go (move through space) Gabon - Gabon gabur - grave (tomb, bury) gabur bagi - graveyard (cemetery, burial ground) gabur seku - tombstone (gravestone) gadolin yum - gadolinium gaja - elephant gala - throat (windpipe, gullet, pharynx) galaxi - galaxy galeri - gallery (exhibition hall) gali - street gali yum - gallium Galia - Gaul galope - canter and gallop galte - mistake (error, fault, blunder, bug) galte budi - misunderstand galte di - wrong (incorrect, erroneous, faulty) gam - marriage (matrimony) gam cin - step-parent gam di - married gam ma - stepmother gam pa - stepfather gam per - spouse (husband or wife) gam sau - step-sibling gamba - shrimp (prawn) Gambia - Gambia gamel - camel gamo - emotion (feeling) gamo di - emotional (emotive) gamo hal - mood (emotional state) gamo zi - emoji (smiley, emoticon) gan - dry gan cau - hay gan mosim - dry season gan putau - raisin Gana - Ghana gana - reed (cane) gana kalam - reed pen Ganda - Uganda Ganga - Ganges gani - sing (song, chant) ganir - singer ganir grupe - choir (chorus) Ganimede - Ganymede ganja - cannabis (marijuana, ganja, pot, weed) ganse - goose ganum - wheat gar - car (cart, carriage, wagon, automobile) garparke - car park (parking lot) garanti - guarantee (warranty) garde - guard (watch) garde ja - guardian (watchman) garde zelo - jealous garma - warm (hot) garma masala - garam masala garma mosim - summer garma mosim medi den - Midsummer Day garma zona - tropics garma zona caustan - savannah garma zona di - tropical gas - gas gas di - gaseous gata - cut (bite, incise) gata a dante - bite gata glu bano - clipboard (paste buffer) gata ja - sharp (cutting, edged, pointed) gata yepa - blade gati - hard (tough) gati mate - solid gati mate di - rigid (solid) gau - top gau di - high (tall) gau dipe - vertical gau dipe move - bob up and down gau gradu di - advanced (high-level) gauta - height (altitude) gau tanur - blast furnace gau tehni - high technology (hi-tech) gaze - gauze gazel - gazelle gazeta - magazine (journal, gazette) gazeta ja - journalist gei - gay (homosexual) gem - sword gem dau - kendo gem suta - fencing (art of duelling with swords) geme - game geme ja - player (gamer) gene - generate (beget, produce; production, reproduction) • exgene - exogeneous • poligene - polygenesis • ungene - monogenesis gene di - raw (crude) gene grupe - generation (cohort) gene klas - caste gene logi - genetics (study of reproduction) gene logi di - genetic gene logu - genealogy (recording of descents) gene tipe - genotype gene yo hevan - breed Geo - Earth (Terra) geo - earth (ground) geo dou - peanut (groundnut) geo elfe - gnome geo forme - terrain geo grafi - geography geo kaska krake - fault line geo kaska plate - tectonic plate geo logi - geology Geo Medi Hai - Mediterranean geo metri - geometry geo nice di - underground (subterrainean) geo nice jela - dungeon (underground prison) geo ordu - ground force (army) geo par lin - equator Geo Par Lin Ginia - Equatorial Guinea geo politi - geopolitics geo sismo - earthquake geo termo - geothermal geo tike - lot (plot of land) german yum - germanium Germania - Germania Gernezi - Guernsey geste - gesture gi - machine (device, aparatus) gida - guide (lead, show the way) gida buku - guide book gida ja - guide ging - longitudinal (parallel, vertical) ging gola - meridian (line of longitude) ging gradu - longitude ging lin - warp gingam - kumquat gio - teach (educate, instruct, doctrine) gio ja - teacher (instructor) giota - drop (droplet) gitar - guitar giuka - jade glas - glass glas daka - glazing (enamel) glis - slide (slip, glide, skate) glu - glue (adhesive) glu bande - adhesive bandage (band-aid, sticking plaster) glu di - sticky (ahesive) glu grafi - sticker glu poto - clay glukerol - glycerol (glycerine) glukin - glycine glukogen - glycogen glukos - glucose gluten - gluten gol - goal (destination) gola - circle (sphere, round object) gola di - round (circular) gola longta - perimeter (circumference) gola seku - cobblestone golem - golem gomu - rubber (latex, eraser) gona - corner (angle) gona metri gi - goniometer gorila - gorilla goro - pig goro nama - pork goton - cotton gradu - step (degree, rank, grade, level, class) gradu di - gradual gradu medan - gradient (gradation, incline) gradu mute - development grafi - drawing (graph, image) grafi buku - picture book grafi culi - image processing grafi di - graphic (pictorial) grafi fineta - image resolution grafi ja - illustrator (graphic artist) grafi karte - graphics card (video card) grafi kata - comic (cartoon) grafi lanse gi - image projector grafi projeter - image projector grafi so - pixel grafi sugata - framerate gram - gram (g) gran - grain (particle) granite - granite grave - gravel Grenada - Grenada Grenadin nesi - the Grenadines grese - stride (march) • agrese - attack (assault, aggression, hostility) • agresive - aggressive • agreser - aggressor • agresevi - aggressive • progrese - progress (stride forward, advance, go forward) • progresion - advancement (milestone) • regrese - regress (fall back) grimas - grimace grom - thunder (roaring) grom tufan - thunderstorm gros - thick grosta - thickness gros zi - bold letter grupe - group gua - cave Guadelupe - Guadeloupe guai - odd (strange, weird, peculiar, bizarre) Guam - Guam guan - office (position) guan di - official (pertaining to public trust) guan ja - officer (bureaucrat, public servant) Guangjou - Guangzhou (Canton) Guatemala - Guatemala gubu - hippopotamus gui - ogre (troll, goblin) gui papi - oriental poppy gujarati - Gujarati guku hua - florist's chrysanthemum gul - swallow gule - ghoul guma - drum guru - guru (teacher, sage) guste - taste (flavor) guste ka - taste like guta - knee guta kaska oste - kneecap Guyana - Guyana ## H ha - have (there be) habar - news habar gazeta - newspaper (gazette) habar letre - newsletter habar media - news media habaxa - Abyssinian Habaxa - Abyssinia hafen yum - hafnium hafiza - keep (preserve, conserve, retain, spare) hafiza ja - keeper (preserver) haha - laugh hai - sea hai alga - seaweed (macroalgae) hai amir ja - admiral hai cau - seagrass hai di - maritime hai hiyar - sea cucumber hai hua - sea anemone hai jele - jellyfish (seajelly) hai kinar - shore (coast, beach) hai nil - aqua (teal) hai ordu - sea force (navy) hai porto - harbor (seaport) hai vala - sailor (seaman, mariner) haide - let's haki - dust haki cupu gi - vacuum cleaner haki rang - khaki haku - right (entitlement) hal - state (condition, status, situation) halal - permissible (allowed, halal) halal liste - whitelist halela - praise (commend, exalt) hali - empty (void) hali zi - space (character) halifa - caliph halifa dexa - caliphate halo - hello (hi) halte - stop (halt) ham - matter (be important) ham di - important hamake - hammock hamar - hammer hamil - pregnant hamir - yeast Han - Han Chinese han guan ja - mandarin Han zi - Chinese or Japanese character (hanzi, kanji) hanu - hand hanu li - manual hanu xaka - arm haos - chaos (disorder, turmoil) hapu - suitable (appropriate, apt, fit) harabu - bad (ruined, destroyed) harabu mahala - slum haram - forbidden (illicit, haram, taboo) haram liste - blacklist harmoni - harmony harmoni di - harmonious harnes - harness Hartum - Khartoum has - special (distinct) has nam - identifier (ID) hasta - distinction (specialty) haste - hurry (rush, haste; hasty, busy, hurried, swift, fast) • anhaste - slow (quiet, not hurried, not busy) hata - until (til, up to) hata di - even (implying extreme example) hatar - danger (peril) hatar di - dangerous (perilous) hava - wind Havai - Hawaii Havai nesia - Hawaiian archipelago haxi - chopsticks haxix - hashish Haye - Armenia hazin - store (deposit) • mahazin - magazine (warehouse) hazinkan - storehouse (depository) he - huh? (eh?, pardon?) hei - hey (exclamation to get attention) Helen - Greece Helen di - Greek (Hellenic) heli yum - helium helis - spiral (helix, corkscrew, twist) helis babul - umbrella thorn acacia tree helis fei gi - helicopter Helsinki - Helsinki hem - ponder (think, contemplate, consider, regard) hem… - hmm… hema - tent hemi - blood anhemi - anemia hemi fobi - hemophobia hemi globin - hemoglobin hemi hin - bloodless hemi selu - blood cell (hemocyte) hen - hatred (hate, resentment, odium) hepate - liver hepatetis - hepatitis hero - hero hero di - heroic hero kata - saga (heroic tale) herze - hertz (Hz) Hese - Hesse hese yum - hassium hevan - animal hevan agri suta - animal husbandry hevan bagi - zoo (zoological garden) hevan fili - zoophily hevan geo grafi - zoogeography hevan kata - fable hevan logi - zoology hevan logi di - zoological hevan toxi - zootoxin hibride - hybrid (mongrel) hidre - hydrogen hidrate - hydrate (chemical compound) hidre peroxide - hydrogen peroxide hidrargente - mercury (quicksilver) hijabu - veil (cover, screen) hima - snow hima duna - snow drift hima rose - frost Himalaya - Himalayas hin - lack (miss, be without) hin di - lacking (-less) hina - henna (alcanna) Hindi baxa - Hindi (Hindustani) Hindi dexa - Hindustan Hindi din - Hinduism Hindi din ja - Hindu hindi raja - rajah Hindi rivo - Indus river hindi yum - indium Hiperion - Hyperion hisabu - calculation hisabu loge - account hisabu logi - mathematics (math) hisabu logija - mathematician hisabu suta - arithmetics histori - history (annals) historija - historian histori logi - history (study of history) hiyar - cucumber Ho ci Min site - Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) hobi - hobby hobi ja - hobbyist (amateur) hogo - fire (burning) hogo di - fiery hogo puja - pyrolatry hogo sanduku - lantern hogo seku - flint hogo tehni - fireworks (pyrotechnics) hogo xan - volcano hogo xan glas - volcanic glass hoki - hockey holera - cholera holme yum - holmium holo - whole (entire) holo grafi - hologram holo nume - integer (whole number) holota - wholeness (integrity) Hong Gong - Hong Kong, SAR China hor - hour hor loga gi - clock (watch) hor loga minar - clocktower hormon - hormone Horvati - Croatia hotel - hotel hua - flower hua jara - flower vase hua mosim - spring (springtime) hua pote - flowerpot huang - yellow hui - ash (ashes) hui darte - podzol hui rang - grey (gray, ashy) huke - hook huke krus - swastika (hooked cross) huke lin kane - fishing rod (fishing pole) huli - fox humel - hop humus - chickpea humus sos - hummus hura - cheer (hurrah, hooray, yay) huru - free (unchained) huru di - free (liberate) huru sim - liberalism huru sim di - liberal huru sim ja - liberalist huruta - freedom (liberty) huxi - nice (pleasant, comfortable, cushy) ## I i - and ibri - Hebrew ici - will (volition, desire) • anicija - reluctant ide - idea (concept, notion) idea - idea (concept, notion) idea di - conceptual idea zi - ideogram idiote - idiot idiote di - stupid (idiotic) idioteta - idiocy (stupidity) ifrite - ifrit iglu - igloo iha - donkey (ass) iha uma - mule imperi - reign (rule as an emperor) imperi dexa - empire imperi ja - emperor imperi sim - imperialism imperi sim ja - imperialist in - inside (interior) in bum - implosion in di - inner (internal) in klus - including in klus di - inclusive inlai - entry (access) in liste - table of contents (inventory) in migra - immigrate (move in) in migra ja - immigrant in mise - import inmun - entrance in nam - endonym in puxe - squeeze (squish) in tene - contain (include) in tene gi - container in verse jen - introvert in vide - introspection in xe - content Indonesi - Indonesia insan - human being insan di - humane insan haki - human rights insan jong - mankind (humanity) insan sim - humanism insan sim di - humanistic insan sim ja - humanist insulte - insult (offence) insulte di - rude (offensive) internete - internet Io - Io iode - iodine ion - ion ion radi - radioactivity (ionizing radiation) ion radi di - radioactive IP adres - IP address Iran - Iran Iraqi - Iraq iris yum - iridium ironi - irony ironi di - ironic islam - submission (surrender) islam din - Islam islam din ja - muslim (moslem) islam din xaria - shari'a islam fobi - islamophobia Islande - Iceland Israel - Israel Italia - Italy ite - stone (piece of rock) ## J ja - doer (agent, actor, -er, -ist) jaga - awake jai - win (triumph, victory, gain, succeed) jaibai - outcome (victory or defeat) jaija - winner (victor) • jai pandunia! - victory to Pandunia! jain din - Jainism Jakarta - Jakarta jake - jacket Jamaika - Jamaica jami - collection (congregation, assembly) • ajami - meet (get together; meeting, gathering) • anjami - disperse (spread out, scatter) • anjami di - sparse (scattered) jami di - collective jami karte - trading card jampe - jump jamul - jamul (jambul, rose apple) jan - meditate (contemplate, ponder, cogitate) jan buda din - Zen Buddhism janela - window janela frem - window frame jang - fight (war, battle, combat) jang di - military (martial, warlike) jang ja - warrior (fighter) jang suta - martial art jangal - forest (woods, jungle) jara - jar (jug, pitcher, carafe, amphora, vase) jaru - broom (sweep) jau - barley javabu - answer (reply, response) Jayer - Algeria jaze - jazz jebra - algebra jebu - pocket jebu caku - pocketknife jeka - borrow (lend) jeka don - lend jeka loga - loanword jeka na - borrow jela - prison (imprisonment) jela ja - jailer (imprisoner) jela jen - prisoner jelakan - prison (jail) jele - gel (jelly) jen - person (individual, -ist, -er) jen (jen men) - one (impersonal pronoun: people, you) jen di - personal (intimate, private, custom) jen hai - a sea of people (huge crowd) jen jami - crowd jenju - pearl jenju table - abacus jenxen - ginseng Jerze - Jersey jete - thrust (throw, cast) • exjete - eject (throw out) • injete - inject (injection) • projete - project (forecast, endeavour) • rejete - reject (throw back) jete grafi - project (cast; projection image) Jibraltar - Gibraltar Jibuti - Djibouti jihade - struggle (strife) jini - spirit (soul, vitality, life force) jinji - ginger jinse - gender (sex) jinse di - sexual (pertaining to gender) jinselogi - gender studies jirafa - giraffe jiva - live (be alive; living; live, existence) • trajiva - survive (live through) joke - joke joker - joker jong - middle (center) Jong Afrika Vakilkrati - Central African Republic jong di - central (middle) jong fon - vowel jong xulakan - secondary school Jongoku - China jovar - sorghum (durra, jawar, Indian millet) juba - robe (jubbah) judau - judo jude - judgement (sentence) jude di - judicial jude ja - judge (referee) jui - care (caution, attention) jui di - careful (cautious, attentive, alert, wary) jui note - warning (advisory) jul - joule (J) jumla - sentence (phrase) jumla logi - syntax (study of phrases) jun - young (junior) jun bei - junior fellow (kouhai) jun bra - little brother (younger brother) jun fem - girl jun jen - youth (youngster, young person) jun man - boy jun moka - sapling junnen - youth (years in life following childhood) jun sau - younger sibling jun sis - little sister (younger sister) junta - youth (young age) jung - species junte - joint (join) jupe - skirt jus - juice juste - just (precise, exact, accurate) juste pau ja - sniper (sharpshooter) juxa - injection ## K ka - than (as, compared to, relative to) kababu - barbecue (grill) kababu nama - grilled meat (kebab) kable - rope (cable) kaboga - squash (pumpkin, gourd) Kabu Verde - Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) kadim yum - cadmium kafe - coffee kafe alga - brown algae kafekan - cafe (coffee shop) kafe kupa - coffee cup kafe pote - coffeepot kafe rang - brown kafe salmon - brown trout kafir - infidel (pagan, heathen, unbeliever) kaguji - paper (material) kaguji limon - key lime kai - open (not closed) Kaiman nesi - Cayman Islands kaka - excrement (shit) kakau - cocoa kaki - persimmon (kaki) kala - black Kalal - Greenland kalam - pen (writing tool) kalam sui - ink kalenda - calendar kali - base (alkali; alkaline) kali di - alkaline kali guste - bitter kali melon - bitter melon kali oranje - bitter orange kali yum - potassium kaliforni yum - californium Kalisto - Callisto kalkul - calculus (manipulation of symbolic expressions) kalmar - squid (cuttlefish) kalsi bilor - marble kalsi mate - lime kalsi petra - limestone kalsi yum - calcium (Ca) kalsite - calcite kam - little (few, not many) kamfa - reduce kamta - scarcity kama - lust (desire, libido, sexual passion) kama deu - god of love (Eros, Kamadeva) kama kanon - Kama Sutra kamar - room (chamber) kamar dipe - floor kamar gau - ceiling Kambojia - Cambodia Kamerun - Cameroon kamil - German camomile kamisa - shirt kamisa xaka - sleeve kamote - sweet potato kampe - camp kampe bagi - campground kampe bede - camp bed (cot) kampe ja - camper Kamri - Wales (Cambria) kamri - Welsh kan - workshop (shop, building, house or place for doing something) Kanada - Canada kanal - ditch (canal, channel, dyke, trench) kanal ja - conduit (channel) kandela - candela kandi - candy (sweets) kane - bar (pole, rod, shaft, staff, stick) kane kasa - cage kane minte - spearmint kane pang - baguette kane sor - latch kanga - comb kangaru - kangaroo kanjar - dagger kanon - classic (canon) kanon di - classic (authoritative, definitive) kanta - shoulder kantalupo melon - cantaloupe Kantalupo va Sabina - Cantalupo in Sabina kanu - canoe kanun - law (rule, regulation) kanun vala - lawyer kanyon - canyon (ravine, gorge, gully) kapa - head kapa hin - headless kapa kaska - helmet kapa kexa - hair of the head kapa kexa hin - bald-headed kapa oste - skull kape - catch (capture, seize, snatch, intercept) kape truke - trap (snare) kape yo kuanga - mine (extract minerals) kape yo pexe - catch fish kape yo taxi - collect fees or taxes kar - work • duskar - misdeed (sin, vice) • konkar - collaborate (work together) kar cuti - leave (absence from work) kargi - tool karja - worker karkan - workshop kar lexi - verb karm eza - desk karxe - work (job, task) kar xular - apprentice karaoke - karaoke karate - karate karateja - karateka (practitioner of karate) karavi - caraway karbe - carbon (coal) karbe duoxide - carbon dioxide karbohidrate - carbohydrate karbide - carbide karbe kalam - pencil karbol - carbole (carbolic acid) karboxil - carboxyle karbe sui - carbohydrate (saccharide) karbau - water buffalo karcof - globe artichoke kardon - thistle kardon karcof - artichoke thistle (cardoon) karga - charge (burden, load, weight) kargadan: - rhinoceros kari - curry Karibe - Caribbean karibu - near (close, almost) kaributa - proximity karim - charity karim di - charitable (gentle, kind) karite - shea (vitellaria) Karnada - Karnataka karnada baxa - Kannada karote - carrot karse - rough (coarse) karse limon - makrut lime (kaffir lime) karta - map (chart) karta grafi - cartography karte - card Kartul - Georgia (Republic of Georgia) karuba - carob (St. John's bread) karvan - caravan (convoy) kasa - box (container) kaska - shell (crust, carapace, shield) kastana - chestnut Kastilia - Castil kastilia baxa - Castilian (Spanish) kasu - event (case, instance) kata - tale (story, legend, saga) kata ja - narrator Katalunia - Catalonia katana - katana katus - cactus Kaukasia - Caucasia kauri - cowrie kava - dig (pit, cavity) • exkava - excavate (dig out) kavai - cute (sweet) ke - what? ke jen - who? ke loka - where? ke poli di - how many? ke riti - how? ke sata - when? ke xe - what thing? ke yang - what kind of? kecape - ketchup keci - polite keka - visitation (visit) keka ja - visitor (guest) keke - cake (cookie) kelele - noise kelvin - kelvin Keme - Ancient Egypt (Kemet) ken - know by experience or in person kentaur - centaur kentaur hua - centaury Kenya - Kenya kerne - core (nucleus, kernel) kerne cira - nuclear fission kerne energi - nuclear energy kerne fizika - nuclear physics kerne unta - nuclear fusion kerne vuki - nuclear weapon (nuke) kerubi - cherub keton - ketone ketel - kettle kexa - hair kexa bande - hairband (headband) kexa broxa - hairbrush kexa hin - hairless kexa sabun - shampoo keze - cheese ki - which (who, that) ki - that (conjunction) kilogram - kilogram (kg) kilomitre - kilometer (km) kimi - substance (physical material from which something is made) kimi di - chemical kimi logi - chemistry kimi so - chemical element kimono - kimono kinar - border (edge, fringe, margin, rim, side, shore, periphery) kinar baryer - fence kinar di - peripheral kinar fon - consonant kino - movement kino di - kinetic kino grafi - movie (cinema) kino grafi arte - cinematography kino grafi di - cinematic kino grafikan - movie theatre Kinxasa - Kinshasa Kinxasa Kongo - Congo Kinshasa kio - bridge kioske - kiosk (pavilion) Kipris - Cyprus kira - carat kira don - rent out (let, lease) kira kape - rent (charter, lease) kirate - carat Kirgize - Kyrgyzstan Kiribati - Kiribati Kiril zi - Cyrillic alphabet kisma - destiny (fate, lot, kismet) kitaba - write (writing, text, script) kitaba culi - word processing kitaba forma - formatting kitaba gi - typewriter kitabakan - library kitaba minister - librarian kitaba so - grapheme kitaba suta - literature kivi - kiwi bird kivi frute - kiwi fruit klar - clear (obvious) klar! - of course! (obviously) klas - class (category) klien - customer (client, patron) klike - click (snap) klima - climate klima logi - climatology klima mute - climate change klin - slope (tilt, slant, bias, inclination, tendency) klon - clone (replica) klor - chlorine klube - club klus - close (shut) klus di - closed koala - koala kobalte - cobalt koda - tail (coda) kode - code (cipher) • ankode - decode (decrypt) koka - coca Koka Kola - Coca-Cola koko - chicken Kokos nesi - Cocos (Keeling) Islands kola - kola kola frute - kola nut kola jus - cola Kolombia - Colombia koloni - colony (settlement) koloni ja - colonist koloni sim - colonialism koloni sim ja - colonialist kolum - pillar (column, pole, post) koma - comma komi - comic (funny) Komoro nesi - Comoros kompani - company (corporation) komputa di - digital komputa hor loga gi - digital clock kon - with (together; common) kon bon - match (fit, suit, go well together) kon forma - conform (fit, mold) kon funsibil - compatible (supported) kon kar - collaborate (work together) kon pasi - compassion kon sabi - information (communicable knowledge) kon sana sim - communism kon sana sim ja - communist kon sel - give consultation kon sel ja - counselor (consultant) kon su - common (mutual) kontra - go against kon trati - pact (contract, covenant, alliance) konun - common (shared) Konakri Ginia - Guinea kone - cone Konkani - Konkani konserte - concert koperni yum - copernicium kopi - copy (duplicate, replica) kopi haki - copyright koral - coral kore - run kore ja - runner korne - horn korne melon - horned melon (kiwano) korona - crown korona virus - corona virus korte - short (brief) korte fa - shorten korte kata - short story korte krokodil - alligator kosi - sew kosmo - space (cosmos, universe) kosmo biologi - astrobiology kosmo di - cosmic kosmo nave - spaceship kosmo nave ja - cosmonaut koso - cough Kosovo - Kosovo Kosta Rika - Costa Rica koste - cost (price) koste di - expensive (costly) kote - coat Kote de Ivar - Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) kotumbar - coriander krabe - crab krake - crack (rift) kran - valve (tap, faucet) krati - rule (reign, government, -ocracy, -archy) kredi - believe (trust, credit, rely on) • ankredi - distrust (disbelieve) • ankredibil - incredible (unbelievable) • ankredija - unbeliever (infidel) • bekredi - trustee • bekredibil - loyal (faithful, trustworthy) • bekredibilta - loyalty (faithfulness) • sinkredisim - synchretism kredibil - credible (believable) kredija - believer (religious person) kredi karte - credit card krem - cream krem di - creamy (cream colored) krepe - pancake krepekan - pancake house (crêperie) krikete - cricket (sport) krim - crime krim di - criminal krita - cry (shout) kriton - krypton krizi - crisis krizi di - critical (pertaining to crisis) krokodil - crocodillian krokro - frog krom yum - chromium krote - mole (burrowing animal) kruasan - croissant krus - cross krus arka - crossbow (ballista) krus lin - crosshair (reticle) kuan - wide (broad) kuanta - width (breadth) kuanga - mineral (ore) kuanga ja - miner kuanga sui - mineral water kuanga tunel - mineshaft kuanga xan - mine kuarze - quartz Kuba - Cuba kube - cube kudi - elbow kudi metri - cubit kuke - cook (prepare food) kuke ja - cook (chef) kuke kamar - kitchen Kuke nesi - Cook Islands kuku - cuckoo kul - cool kulombe - coulomb (unit) kultur - culture kumu - mound (hill) kung - hole Kung Fuzi - Confucious kung fuzi sim - Confucianism kupa - drinking vessel (cup, glass, mug, goblet, chalice) kupa cati - dome kupon - coupon kupre - copper kuran - Quran (Koran) kurban - sacrifice (offer) kuri yum - curium kurse - go (going; course) • exkurse - excursion • prekurse - go or come before • prekurser - precursor (predecessor, forerunner) • rikurse - recur (go again) • trakurse - go through (go by) kursi - chair kurta - tunic (kirtle) kurva - curve (bend) kurva di - curvy (curved) Kuvaite - Kuwait kux loka - berth (couchette) kuxen - cushion (pillow) ## L la - the (that) laba - bugle (horn instrument) labi - lip lage - lake Lagos - Lagos lai - come (arrive) laka - lacquer (varnish) lala - lull lala bede - cradle lala gani - lullaby lama - lama lamadin - lamaism lampa - lamp LAN (loka area nete) - LAN langan - banister (handrail) Lanka - Sri Lanka (Ceylon) lanse - throw (launch) lanse grafi - projection (image) lanse xe - projectile (missile) lantan - lanthanum larva - larva (maggot, caterpillar) lasa - garbage (rubbish, trash, junk) lasa posta - spam mail lasa stan - dump (junk yard) lasa tong - garbage can (trash bin) lasun - garlic late - side (flank) late di - sideways (laterally) late di - lateral (horizontal) late jen - companion (partner, sidekick) Latin zi - Latin alphabet Latvia - Latvia Lau - Laos lau - old (aged, elderly) lau di - Lao (Laotian) lau jen - elder laurence yum - lawrencium laxe - leave behind (abandon, let go) laxe xe - leftover (residue, vestige) lazanya - lasagna lazur - azure lazur petra - lapis lazuli le - attain (accomplish, indicates the current position) legu - light (requiring little effort, easy, soft, minute, unimportant, etc.) legu veze di - light (light-weight) leng - cold leng mosim - winter leng mosim di - wintry lense - lens lenxi - exercise leta - kill (slay; violent death) • deleta - delete (eliminate, kill off, wipe off) • deletabil - delible (eliminable) letali - lethal letali doze - lethal dose letre - letter (written message) letus - lettuce leu - left leu di - left hand leu sim ja - leftist (left-winger) lexi - word lexi asal - etymology lexi fen - syllable lexi jama - vocabulary (lexicon) lexi li - lexical lexi liste - dictionary (word list) lexime - lexeme li - like or characteristic of the previous word (-like, -ly, -al) liama - llama Libanen - Lebanon libele - dragonfly Liberia - Liberia Libia - Libya lici - lychee (litchi) lide - lead (direct) lide lin - leash (rein) lider - leader (director) Lietuva - Lithuania lietuva baxa - Lithuanian lifafa - wrapping (envelope, covering) liga - league (alliance) liga di sanduku - Ark of the Covenant Lihtenstain - Liechtenstein lila - lilac lila rang - lilac color lima - five (5) lima fase - pentahedron (prism) lima gona - pentagon limfa - lymph limite - limit (boundary) • anlimite - infinity limite di - finite (limited) limon - lemon limon jus - lemonade limon luga di - lime green limon oranje - citrus fruit lin - line (thread, string) lin parce - line break (newline) lin so - fibre linke - connection, (association, joint, link, relationship) linse - lynx lipa - stand lipa bano - shelf (bookshelf) lipa baze - stand (rack) lipa di - erect (standing) lipa side - crouch (squat) lipi - fat (grease) lipi cupu - liposuccion lipi di - fatty (greasy) lipi fobi - lipophobia lipi lize - lipolysis lis - smooth lisan - tongue liste - list (listing, catalogue) lito yum - lithium litre - litre (liter) livermor yum - livermorium lize - breakdown (-lysis) loba - radish loga - speech (talk) loga di - spoken loga fili - logophilia loga fili ja - logophile (word buff) loga ironi - verbal irony (sarcasm) loga tabi di - talkative loge - register (record, log) loge buku - logbook loge cuti - log out (log off) loge jin - log in (sign in) logi - study (research, science, -ology) logi safar ja - explorer logika - logic (deduction) logika di - logical loka - place (location) loka di - local loka nume - coordinates lona - discussion (debate, discourse) London - London long - long (lengthy) long dura - for a long time long dura di - long (long-lasting, prolonged) long kata - novel long krokodil - crocodile long pipre - long pepper (pipli) longta - length long tire - stretch (extend) lote - batch (lot) lotra - otter lou - leak lou sang - bleed luba - love (strong affection, desire) • anluba - dislike (loathe) luba di - dear (beloved) luba jen - darling (honey) lubar - lover luga - green luga melon - honeydew (green melon) luka - six (6) luka fase - hexahedron (cube) luka gona - hexagon lume - shine lumen - lumen luna - moon lunaden - Monday luna keke - mooncake lung - dragon Lung Dexa - Bhutan lung dou - winged bean luta - rob (loot, plunder, pillage, ransack) luta ja - robber (plunderer) Luter din - Lutheranism Luter din ja - Lutheran lutesi yum - lutetium Luxemburge - Luxembourg luxu - lush ## M ma - mother (mom, mama) ma bra - maternal uncle ma di - motherly (maternal) ma ma - maternal grandmother ma pa - maternal grandfather ma sis - maternal aunt Madagasi - Madagascar madagasi di - Malagasy maf - pardon (forgiveness; sorry) magen yum - magnesium magi - magic magi asar - spell (enchantment) magi di - magical magi ja - magician (sorcerer, mage, wizard) magi liki - magical power Magribi dexa - Morocco Magyar - Hungary mahala - quarter (neighbourhood, district, locality, section of town) maikan - store (shop) mais - corn (maize) majang - mahjong majenta - magenta (fuchsia) Makah - Mecca makala - article (writing) makan hua - dandelion makas - scissors (shears) Makau - Macao mal - property (belongings, possessions) mal ja - owner (proprietor) mal nomi - economics Malaisia - Malaysia malaria - malaria Malavi - Malawi malayali - Malayali (Malayalam) malayu - Malay Mali - Mali malte - malt maltos - maltose Malta - Malta Malvinas nesi - Falkland Islands (Malvinas) mamal - mammal mana - meaning (signification) manera - behavior (manners) manete - magnet manete di - magnetic mang - busy (occupied) mangan - manganese mango - mango mangus - mangosteen Mani - prophet Mani mani - mania (abnormally high mood and arousal level) mani din - Manichaeism Manin nesi - Isle of Man manioka - cassava (manioc) manioka fufu - tapioca mantol - cape (cloak, mantle) mantra - mantra (chant) mantu - steamed bun (mantou, manti) mar - time (number of times) Marakux - Marrakech marati - Marathi maraton - marathon marce - walk (march) margai - margay margarin - margarine margarita - daisy Mariana nesi - Northern Mariana Islands Maris - Mars marisden - Tuesday marke - mark (trace) Marxal nesi - Marshall Islands masa - mass (quantity of matter) masa mula - tuber (bulb) masa mula sol hua - Jerusalem artichoke (sunroot) masaje - massage masala - spice (seasoning) masala tike - tikka masala maska - mask (camouflage) masta - mast maste - master (be an expert at sth) master - master (expert) master de arte (MA) - Master of Arts master de enjeni (ME) - Master of Engineering master de filsofi (MF) - Master of Philosophy master de logi (ML) - Master of Science master de tehni logi (MT) - Master of Technology mata - die (death; dead, deceased) mata badan - dead body matabil - mortal matafa - kill mataja - killer mate - matter (substance) mate - maté mate cai - maté tea mate di - material mate lona - materialism matras - mattress matur - mature (ripe, adult) matur fem - woman (adult female) matur jen - adult matur man - man (adult male) mau - cat max - more max di - additional max di fen - majority max fili - prefer (favor) max fili di - favorite (preferred) max fili sim - favoritism max gradu - increment max ka bas - too much max ordu - reinforcements maxim - most (maximally) maxim di - maximal maxim xe - maximum maya - Maya Mayote - Mayotte mayur - peafowl (peacock) maze - sock (stocking) me - -th (ordinal suffix) mece - match (contest) medal - medallion (medal) medan - field (square, plaza, maidan) medan di - open (wide, spacious) medan fobi - agoraphobia medan papi - corn poppy mede - help (aid, assistance) mede ja - helper (supporter, proponent, backer) medi - middle (the part in between) media - medium (media, mass media) medi di - medium (intermediate, mean) medi dia - noon (midday) medi fase - interface medi gi - instrument (means) medi noce - midnight medi xe - medium (media, buffer) medu - honey medu vespa - honeybee medu vespa nide - beehive (honeycomb) medu vespa sanduku - beehive (beehouse) mega gram - tonne (metric ton) mega vate - megawat (MW) megi - cloud megi di - cloudy (foggy) Mehiko - Mexico Mehiko siti - Mexico City mei - beautiful (handsome, pretty) mei arte - fine arts mei daka - decoration (ornament) meita - beauty meitner yum - meitnerium melodi - melody melodi di - melodious (melodic) melon - muskmelon meme - sheep meme kexa - wool (fleece) memo - memory (recollection) • anmemo - forget memo bina - monument (memorial) memo note - memorandum (memo) memo tehni - mnemotechny men - many (plural) mendelef yum - mendelevium meninge - meninx (meninges) meninge tis - meningitis • demente - demented (out of one’s mind) mente - mind (ability for consciousness, perception and thinking) mentor - advisor (counselor, mentor) mer - belong (be a member) mer - member (part of a group, component) meranti - lauan tree (meranti, balau) Merkur - Mercury merkurden - Wednesday mes - month mes bati - August mes ceti - July mes des - October mes des du - December mes des un - November mes du - February mes lima - May mes luka - June mes nelu - April mes tisa - September mes tri - March mes un - January mesi - Christ (messiah) • anmesi - antichrist mesi di - messianic mesi din - Christianity mesi din ja - Christian mesi gene - Christmas metan - methane metanol - methanol metil - methyl metilamin - methylamine meta - hind (behind, later) metal - metal metal bede - anvil metal lin - wire metal sanaja - blacksmith (iron forger) metal tul - hardware (ironware, equipment) metri - measure (measurement) metri gi - meter (measuring device) metri unta - unit (measurement) • parametri - parameter (argument, input variable) meza - table meza stan - plateau (tableland) meza tela - tablecloth mi - I (me) mimen - we mimen su - our mi su - my Mianma - Myanmar (Burma) mien - noodle migra - migration (moving) mikro bio - microorganism (microbe) mikro biologi - microbiology Mikronesi - Micronesia mikroskope - microscope mili - milli- mili gram - milligram mili mitre - millimeter milke - milk milke kardon - milk thistle Mimas - Mimas mime - mimic (imitate, emulate) mime ja - imitator (mime) min - less min di fen - minority min ka bas - too little min poli - less (fewer) minare - tower ming - bright (brilliant, clear) minim - least (minimally) minim di - minimal minim sim - minimalism ministre ja - minister ministre ofis - ministry minor - minor (not major) minta - mint minute - minute mira - stare (watch, gaze) • amira - admire mirabil - wonderful (marvel, mirable) miraje - mirage mira plate - mirror mirar - watcher Miranda - Miranda mirde - faint (depending on context: soft, dull, mild, weak, slow, subtle) misal - example (instance of) misi - send (emit, transmit) • exmisi - emit • konmisia - commission (committee) • promisi - send forth (promise) • remisi - send back (remit) • tramisi - transmit • tramision - transmission • tramisir - transmitter misije - message mision - mission (sending) misioner - missionary miskin - poor (miserable) Misri - Egypt misri di - Egyptian mitre - meter (100 cm) mixe - mix (blend) mixe alkol - cocktail mixe gi - mixer (blender) mode - way (manner, mode) mode loge - adverb model - model (design) mogu - membrane (film) moka - tree moka bano - wood board (plank) moka jong parke - arboretum moka kane - stake (stick, peg, skewer) moka mate - wood (timber) moka sanaja - carpenter moka tana - log (trunk) mol ja - miller molkan - mill mol seku - grindstone (millstone) Moldova - Moldova mole - mole (unit) molekul - molecule moli - jasmine moli hua cai - jasmine tea moliden - molybdenum moluske - mollusk Monako - Monaco Mongol - Mongolia mongol di - Mongolian moral - morality (ethics) moral di - moral moral logi - ethics Moris - Mauritius mos - moss mos di - mossy mosim - season moski - mosquito Moskva - Moscow moskva yum - moscovium mostre - monster moto - engine (motor) moto cati - hood (bonnet, cover over the engine) moto gar - motorcar (automobile) moto sikle - motorcycle move - motion (movement) Mozambike - Mozambique mudan - peony muka - face muka fun - face powder mula - root mum - wax mum cape - wax seal mum foto - candle mum jen - mummy mum melon - winter melon (wax gourd, ash gourd) Mumbai - Mumbai (Bombay) mumu - cow mumu nama - beef mun - door (gate, portal) mungus - mongoose mur - wall (structure for delimitation) mur kaguji - wallpaper murce - ant Muritania - Mauritania mus - must (have to, should) musta - obligation (compulsion) muskete - musket muskete ja - musketeer muskul - muscle muskul bina - bodybuilding musli - muesli mute - change (alter, convert) Muxin - Jupiter muxinden - Thursday muxu - mouse or rat muxu cakra - scroll wheel muzika - music muzika ja - musician ## N na - get (obtain, take, grasp, receive) na ja - getter (receiver, recipient) na xiti - gains and losses (pros and cons) nabi - prophecy (prophesy, prophetize) nabija - prophet (harbinger, herald) nadir - rare (scarce, sparse, uncommon) nadir mar - seldom (rarely) nadirta - rarity nafas - breath nagar - town nagar di - urban nahun - nail (fingernail) Naijiria - Nigeria najis - corruption (filth, pollution, contamination, najis) najis bindu - stain (spot) najis di - impure (polluted, defiled, tainted) nam - name • annam - antonym nam dokumen - identity document (identification, ID) nam hin - nameless (unnamed, anonymous) nam kitaba - sign (autograph) nam loga - noun nam tikete - nametag nama - meat (flesh) Namibia - Namibia nan - male nan per (man) - husband nanas - pineapple nano - nano- nano mitre - nanometer naraka - hell naram - soft nardi - backgammon narko - drug (narcotic, dope, intoxicating substance) narko manika - drug addict narko sona - narcosis nati - birth • innati - innate (endogenous, indigenous, inborn) • posnati - postnatal • prenati - prenatal • rinati - rebirth (renaissance) natia - nation (country of birth) natia di - national natia jen - people (folk) natia medi - international natia sim - nationalism natia simja - nationalist natia sosia sim - national socialism (Nazism) natia sosia simja - Nazi nati baxa - native language (mother tongue) nati den - birthday nati loka - birthplace nati stan - region of birth natre bilor - natron natri - sodium nau - brain nau di - cerebral nau hin - brainless Nauru - Nauru nautile - nautilus nava - Nahuatl (Nahua) nave - boat (ship) nave dex - starboard (right side of a ship) nave ga - sail nave ga ja - sailer nave kape ja - privateer (buccaneer) nave leu - port (left side of a ship) nave xefe - captain ne - right? (isn't it?) Nederlande - Netherlands Nederlande Antil - Netherlands Antilles nefre - kidney nefre tis - nephritis nefte - oil nefte guku - Indian chrysanthemum nega - refuse (deny, decline) nekro - corpse (dead body) nekro fili - nechrophilia nekro lista - necrology (listing of people who have died) nekro loga - obituary (necrology) nekro tomi - autopsy (necrotomy) nelu - four (4) nelu di galope - gallop nelu gona - square (tetragon) nen - year nen festa - anniversary nen mes den - date nenufar - water lily (nenuphar) neodim yum - neodymium neon - neon Nepal - Nepal Neputun - Neptune neputun yum - neptunium nerve - nerve nerve di - neural nerve pati - neuropathy nerve selu - neuron nerve toxi - neurotoxin nesi - island nesia - archipelago (island chain) nete - net (web, mesh) nete - nexus (web, network) nete don - upload nete gete - download nete loka - website neu - novelty (new product) neu di - new (recent) neu fito - neophyte plant neu jen - novice (newbie) neu Kaledonia - New Caledonia neu loga - neologism neu nati di - newborn (neonatal) neuta - newness neu yang di - modern neu Yorke - New York neu Yorke siti - New York City neu Zelande - New Zealand Nevis - Nevis ni - female ni per (fem) - wife nia - intention (purpose) nice - underside (underneath) nice di - lower (inferior) nice kitaba - subtitles (captions) nide - nest (hive, den) Nijer - Niger Nikaragua - Nicaragua nikel - nickel nil - blue nil elfe - smurf nil kentaur hua - cornflower nil serami sing - azure bluet nilon - nylon niobi yum - niobium Nipon - Japan nipon di - Japanese nipon yum - nihonium Nistre - Dniester nitre - nitrogen nitrate - nitrate nitril - nitrile Niue - Niue niuton - newton (N) nix - niche (recess, alcove) no - not (no) no a lin - offline nobel yum - nobelium nobi - genderqueer (non-binary) noce - night noce mode - night mode node - knot (node) Noe - Noah Noe di nave - Noah’s arc nomi - management (arrangement, -nomy) norde - north Norde Aire - Northern Ireland Norde Amerika - North America Norde cosen - North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) norde di - northern Norde Kipris - Northen Cyprus Norde Makedonia - Republic of North Macedonia Norfolke nesi - Norfolk Island Norge - Norway norge baxa - Norwegian language norma - norm (standard) • paranormali - paranormal norma di - normal nos - nose nos di - nasal nostalgia - nostalgia (longing) nostalgia di - nostalgic note - note (observe, notice) note anjil - notice (notification) note buku - notebook note xe - note (observation, remark, comment) nu - well (now; used to introduce a statement) nude - naked (bare, nude) nude sim - nudism nude sim ja - nudist nuka - neck (nape) nume - number nume zi - digit (figure, numeral) ## O o - or Oberon - Oberon Odisa - Odia (Oriya) oganeson - oganesson ohtopus - octopus oke - okay (acceptance; accept, say okay) okebil - acceptable Olande nesi - Aland Islands Oman - Oman onda - wave Onduras - Honduras onor - respect (honor, esteem) onor di - honorable (respectable) oranje - orange (fruit) oranje rang - orange (orange-colored) ordu - army ordu jen - soldier ordu jen kan - barracks ordu raja - generalissimo (shogun) ordu raja dexa - shogunate ore - ear ore tis - otitis orgazme - orgasm orkide - orchid oromo - Oromo (an Ethiopian ethnic group) Oromo Dexa - Oromia orto - straight orto gona - right angle orto gona di - orthogonal (perpendicular) Oseania - Oceania oselote - ocelot osidian - obsidian oskope - scope (viewer) oskur - dark (dim) osman - Ottoman Osman Imperi Dexa - Ottoman Empire osmi yum - osmium osmos - osmosis oste - bone oste jama - skeleton (frame) oste xalke - scute Ostria - Austria oxe - oxygen oxide - oxide ## P pa - father (dad, papa) pa bra - paternal uncle pa di - fatherly (paternal) pa ma - paternal grandmother pa pa - paternal grandfather pa sis - paternal aunt paci - bird paci logi - ornithology (birdlore) pada - fall pada di - fallen pada mosim - autumn (fall) pada mun - trapdoor pagri - turban pai - pie (pastry) paka - coercion (force, compulsion) pake - pack (package) Pakistan - Pakistan palaba - palaver (debate, fuss) paladi yum - palladium Palau - Palau palma - palm tree pan - every (all) pan afrika di - pan-African pan amerika di - pan-American pan asia di - pan-Asian pan demi di - pandemic pan demi pati - pandemic disease pan demon - pandemonium pan deu - pantheon pan deu sim - pantheism pan dunia di - global (concerning the whole world) pan europa di - pan-European pan jen - everybody (everyone) pan mime - pantomime pan romanse di - panromantic pan sata - always pan sexe di - pansexual pan un - every (each) pan xe - everything Panama - Panama panda - panda pandunia - Pandunia pandunia ja - Pandunia speaker pang - bread panike - panic panir - quark (paneer) panjabi - Punjabi panka - wing pankreas - pancreas pante - pants (trousers) papagai - parrot (parakeet) papaya - papaya papir - document (paper) Papua neu Ginia - Papua New Guinea par - even (equal, level, peer) • repar - repair (restore to equal condition) par fase - level par jen - peer parta - equality (parity) par vezeta - equilibrium (balance) Paraguai - Paraguay paraya - outcast (pariah) parce - piece (fragment, shred, morsel, crumb, shard) parce di - broken (shattered) parce dipe - collapse parce kai - burst (pop) parde - curtain pari - fairy (faery) pari dexa - fairyland (paradise) pari kata - fairy tale Paris - Paris parke - park (garden) parne - fern parsi - Persia (Persian; Farsi) parti - party (group) parti cepe - participate (attend, partake, take part) parti ceper - participant parti jen - partner pas - pass (go across or through, skip) pas dau - pass (passage) pas di - past (bygone) pas loga - password pas tabi - passive (inactive) pase - peace • anpase - unrest Pase Hai - Pacific Ocean pase hai bakalau - Pacific cod pase sim - pacifism pase sim ja - pacifist pasi - pain (suffering) pasi di - painful paska - Easter paskal - pascal (Pa) pasporte - passport pasta - paste (dough) pasta petra - magma pata - route (path, trail, course, itinerary) patate - potato pati - disease (illness, sickness) pati di - ill (sick) pati gene xe - pathogen pati jen - patient (subject of medical treatment) patikan - hospital pati logi - pathology pati mise - infection (infestation, contagion) pau - shoot (fire) pau gi - gun (firearm) paunde - pound (£) pauza - pause (break, interruption) payaco - clown pedal - pedal pedal sikle - bicycle (pedal bike) pede - fart (flatulence) pedi - bring up (educate, raise) pedi fili - pedophilia pedi fobi - pedophobia pei - payment pei kar - profession (job, occupation, trade, vocation) pei kar di - professional (occupational, career) pei kar ja - professional (pro) pei kar jiva - career (professional life) pele - drive • apele - appeal (drive to oneself) • depele - drive away • dispele - dispel (disperse, drive asunder) • expele - expel (drive out) • inpele - impel (drive into) • konpele - drive together • propele - propel (drive forward) • propeler - propeller • repele - repel (drive back) pelmen - dumpling (ravioli, pelmeni) pelpel - butterfly (moth) pena - feather • depena - pluck feathers pena kalam - quill pena kardon - spear thistle pende - hang (dangle) pende kardon - musk thistle pende sor - padlock penis - penis (phallus) pente - paint pente broxa - paintbrush pente ja - painter pente tela - canvas per - pair (couple) per cin - parent-in-law per ma - mother-in-law per nume - even number peroxide - peroxide per pa - father-in-law pera - pear perex - perished (ruined, devastated, wretched) perex fa - perish (ruin, dishevel, devastate, desolate) Peru - Peru pesa - money pesa diske - coin pesa kasa - cash box pesa kasa ja - cashier pesa plan - budget peta - peta- pete - belly (stomach, abdomen) petra - rock petra nefte - petroleum pexe - fish pexe huke - fishhook pexe saide ja - fisher pexe tanke - fish tank piano - piano piaze - onion pigu - buttocks (bum, butt, ass) pijin - pidgin (contact language) pike - point (tip, cusp, peak) pil - skin (peel, bark, leather) pilote - pilot pin - needle (pin, splinter, prickle, thorn, stinger, spine, quill) pin cope - pickaxe pin kardon - cotton thistle pin sense di - piquant pinguin - penguin pinse - pinch pinse bano - clipboard (physical board) pinse gi - pliers (pincers) pipe - pipe piping - evaluation (criticism) piping ja - critic pipre - pepper (peppercorn) pipre minta - peppermint piram - pyramid pirate - piracy pirate ja - pirate (sea robber) pirate parti - Pirate Party pirate sim ja - pirate (one who disobeys intellectual property laws) pisea - spruce tree pistol - pistol Pitkerne nesi - Pitcairn Islands pixa - piss (urine) piza - pizza pizakan - pizzeria plan - plan planeta - planet plasti - plastic plasti di - plastic (moldable, malleable) plasti paste - playdough plate - plane (plate) plate di - flat (planar) plate forma - platform plate geo kaskalogi - plate tectonics plate geo sim ja - flat-earther plate stan - plain (plateau, flat lands) plate tasa - plate platin - platinum Platon - Plato Platon sim - Platonism Platon sim di - Platonic Platon sim ja - Platonist plazma - plasma (ionized gas) pli - ply (fold, times) plumbe - lead Pluton - Pluto (dwarf planet) pluton yum - plutonium poker - poker polau - pilaf (pulao) poli - many (much, more than one) poli baxa di - multilingual poli deu sim - polytheism poli fase - polyhedron poli gona - polygon poli kultur di - multicultural poli kultur sim - multiculturalism poli marta - frequency poli nasi di - multinational polipli - multiple poli semi di - ambiguous polita - amount (quantity) Polinesi - Polynesia polis - police polis ja - police officer poliskan - police station politi - government (administration, polity, politics) politi di - political politi ja - politician (administrator, statesman) politi logi - politicology politi lona - politics (political discourse) politi mode - regime Polska - Poland polska baxa - Polish language polska yum - polonium pompe - pump pompe tapa - piston ponte - point at (indicate) ponte flece - pointer (indicator) ponte pin - compass (magnetized needle) pore - pore porei - leek porno - porn porno grafi - pornography porte - carry (bear) • exporte - export • reporte - report (bring back news, recount, relate) • reporter - reporter • suporte - support • traporte - transport (transportation) porto - port (station) Portoriko - Puerto Rico portoriko jen - Puerto Rican Portugal - Portugal portugal baxa - Portuguese language pos - consequence (back, follow-up) pos den - tomorrow pos di - next (following, back) pos di - back (posterior) pos fixe - suffix pos poza - put back (postpone) pos zaman - future time posta - mail posta cape - postal stamp postakan - post office posta marke - postmark (postage stamp) pote - pot (vase, bin, jar) pote camaca - ladle (dipper, scoop) pote ja - potter pote suta - pottery poto - mud (mire) poto defa bano - fender poto di - muddy poto stan - marsh (bog, swamp, morass) poyu - louse poze - pose (set; position) • depoze - remove (delete, dispose, erase) • expoze - expose (reveal) • inpoze - put in (impose) • konpozeje - component • pospoze - put back (postpone) • pospoze - postposition • prepoze - preposition • propoze - propose (put forth; proposal, suggestion) prati - practice (actuality) prati di - practical (pragmatic) prazedim yum - praseodymium pre - before (previous, fore, past) pre di - previous (fore) preme - initial (first; prime) pre si - assume (presuppose) prese - press (pressure) • deprese - depress (push away) • exprese - express (push out) • konprese - compress (squeeze, squish) • niceprese - suppress (press down) • represe - repress (push back) prese gi - press device • preser - press device prezidente - president proba - try (attempt, give a go, check out, probe) problem - problem (issue) problem di - problematic profesor - professor program - program (set of structured activities) program gi - software (virtual device) program ja - programmer (coder) Promete - Prometheus promete yum - promethium protacini yum - protactinium puding - pudding puja - worship (reveration) pujakan - temple (shrine, place of worship) puja meza - altar puja riti - ritual (ceremony, religious custom) pul - full (complete, saturated) pul bon - perfect pul ekran - fullscreen pul fina - complete (make done) pul fito yam sim - veganism pul fito yam sim ja - vegan pul xipi - soak (steep, marinate) pulmon - lung pulmon tis - pneumonia pulse - push puma - cougar (puma, mountain lion) punte - point (period, full stop) punte bano - scoreboard punte nume - score (grade) pupe - doll (puppet) putau - grape putau bagi - vineyard putau oranje - grapefruit pute - rotten pute - reckon (calculate, put into a certain relation, state or condition) • expute - output • inpute - input • konpute - compute (reckon together) • konputer - computer putong - common (general) Putong Han - Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) puxa gi - piston Qatar - Qatar Qazaqe - Kazakhstan ## R radi - ray (radiation) radi longta - radius radi metri gi - radiometer radi yum - radium radio - radio radio mise gi - radiotransmitter radio na gi - radio receiver radon - radon ragubi - rugby rai - opinion (view) raja - king or queen raja dexa - kingdom raja di - royal rajanan - king rajani - queen rakun - raccoon ramazan - Ramadan rampe - ramp (incline, slope) rande - plane (tool for making a smooth surface) rang - color (colored) rang arka - rainbow rang arka salmon - rainbow trout rang glas - stained glass rang mate - dye rasa - race (breed) rasa medi - interracial rasa sim - racism rasa sim ja - racist raste - growth ratibu - order (arrangement, sequence) ratibu li - orderly (organized, in sequence, tidy, regular) razon - reason (rational thinking) razon li - rational (reasonable) re - back (return it to previous place) Rea - Rhea rebel - rebellion redi - ready (prepared) Ren - Rhine ren yum - rhenium rentegen yum - roentgenium reporte - report reseta - instructions (recipe) reside - receipt (acknowledgement) restoran - restaurant retro dau - return (way back) retro gula - throw up (vomit, regurgitate) retro gula sense - nausea (motion sickness) retro note - feedback retro tikete - return ticket Reunion - Réunion rezerve - reservation (booking, withholding) rezin - resin ri - again (repeatedly) rikarga - recharge (reload) rike - rich riketa - wealth (fortune) rim - rhyme (verse) ring - ring ringar - ring (sports or exhibition arena) risko - risk risko di - risky riti - way (manner, means, method, mode, procedure, rite) ritim - rhythm (beat) rivo - river (stream) rivo kinar - river bank robote - robot (bot) rode - rose rode rang - pink (rosy) rode salmon - pink salmon rode yum - rhodium roke - rock (sway, tilt) roke kursi - rocking chair roke muzika - rock music rokete - rocket rokete lanse gi - rocket launcher rol - role rol ja - actor (actress) rolo - roll (scroll, coil) rom - rum Roma - Rome Roma Imperi Dexa - Roman Empire roma kamil - Roman camomile Romania - Romania romanse - romance (romantic love) • anromanse - aromantic romanse di - romantic rose - dew rota dex - clockwise rota leu - counterclockwise (anticlockwise) rota tufan - cyclone (hurrican, tornado, typhoon) rota vanu gi - top (spinning top) rota xe - rotor (rotator) Ruanda - Rwanda rubi - red rubi bau seku - ruby rubi linse - bobcat rubi oranje - mandarin orange (tangerine) rubi salmon - sockeye salmon rubi yum - rubidium ruhu - soul (mind, psyche) ruhu di - mental (psychic) ruhu logi - psychology ruhu mixe - confuse (perplex, bewilder, baffle) ruhu mixe di - confused (perplexed, disoriented, bewildered) ruke - back ruke sake - backpack (rucksack) Rundi - Burundi rupa - appearance (looks) rus krepe - blini rus yum - ruthenium Rusia - Russia rusia baxa - Russian language rute - route (path, trail, course, itinerary) rute galte di - stray (deviant) ruterfor yum - rutherfordium rutin - routine (habit) ## S sabate - Sabbath sabi - know how sablu - sand sablu burge - sandcastle sablu petra - sandstone sablu stan - desert sabu - reason (cause) sabun - soap sada - plain (ordinary, unadorned, simple, mere, pure) saf - clean (pure) • ansaf - dirty safja - cleaner safta - cleanliness (purity) saf tela - wipe (rag, cleaning cloth) safar - travel (voyage, trip) safar ceke - traveller's cheque (traveler's check) safar ja - traveler safar keka - tourism safar keka ja - tourist safran - saffron sagu - sago palm sagu fun - sago Sahara Dexa - Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic sahi - right (correct, accurate) saide - hunting (fishing) saide ja - hunter saide yo pexe - go fishing sake - bag (sack) sal - hello (hi) sal cuti - farewell sal dia - good day sal lai - welcome! sal noce - good night sal suba - good morning sal xam - good evening sal yam - bon appetit! salta - well-being (prosperity) sala - hall (big room) salade - salad salam - salaam salmon - salmon (trout) Salon - Sierra Leone salu - healthy saludo - health (condition, level of health) salu saf di - cleanly (hygienic, sanitary) salu safta - hygiene (cleanliness) saluta - health Salvador - El Salvador sam - same (equal, alike, match) sam bei - peer sam dexa jen - compatriot sam emos - compassion (sympathy) sam metri - symmetry (symmetrical) sam nam - homonym sam rai - agreement (consent) sam romanse di - homoromantic sam sexe di - homosexual sam sifa di - similar (analogous) sam sifa xe - model (simulation) sama - sky (heaven) sama di - celestial (heavenly) sama hal - weather sama kinar - horizon sama nil - light blue (sky blue, azure) samari yum - samarium Samoa - Samoa san - know as a fact (be aware of) • ansan di - strange (unknown) san logi - epistemology san vol - interest (curiosity) san vol di - interesting (curious) san vol ja - interested (curious) san xe - knowledge sana - manufacturing (production, industry) sana ja - maker (manufacturer) sana ja di - productive (fertile) sanduice - sandwich sanduku - box (chest) sante - holy (sacred) Sante Helena - Saint Helena sante kanon - holy writ (sacred writings) Sante Kitse - Saint Kitts Sante Kitse i Nevis - Saint Kitts and Nevis Sante Lucia - Saint Lucia Sante Marino - San Marino Sante Paulo - Sao Paulo Sante Tome i Principe - Sao Tome and Principe Sante Vincente - Saint Vincent Sante Vincente i Grenadin - Saint Vincent and Grenadines sanzi - fan (ventilator) sapatu - shoe sapatu ja - shoemaker sapatukan - shoemaker's shop sata - moment (instant) sata di - momentary sata don - dedicate (devote) sata don ta - dedication (devotion) sau - sibling (brother or sister) sau ben - nephew or niece sau doh - niece sau son - nephew Saudi Arabi - Saudi Arabia sauna - sauna saur - lizard saya - shadow se - self (reflexive pronoun) se di - selfish semen - each other (one another, mutually) semen su - mutual (each other’s) se su - own seku - stone (piece of rock) seku sanaja - mason (stonemason, stonecutter) sekunde - second(s) sekur - safe (secure, protected) sekur kode - password (security code) sekur kopi - backup sekur nume - personal identification number (PIN) sel - advice (counsel, recommendation) selen yum - selenium selge - chard selu - cell (biology) selu logi - cytology seme - seed (semen) seme dana - seed (fertilized grain) seme di - seminal semente - cement semi - mean (signify) • poli semi di - ambiguous (polysemous) • un semi di - unambiguous semi forar - semaphore semi logi - semantics semime - sememe sen - older (elder, senior, superior) sen bei - senior fellow (senpai) sen bra - big brother (elder brother) sen sau - elder sibling sen sis - big sister (elder sister) Senegal - Senegal seng - raw (crude, fresh) seng varis - uncooked rice sense - sense (method of perception) sense gi - sensor (detector) sense ja - sensitive (perceptive) sense xaka - tentacle (feeler) senti - centi- (per cent) sentimitre - centimeter (cm) sento - hundred (hecto-, 100) sento nen - century sento nen di - centenary serami - ceramic serami sing - bluet Serbia - Serbia seri - series (sequence, succession) seri kaska - chain mail seri letre - chain letter serime - link seri seri - chain serpe - snake (serpent) serva - service servaja - servant servar - server (host machine) servar nam - servername (hostname) sesam - sesame sexe - sex (sexual relation) • ansexe di - asexual sexe di - sexy (sexually arousing) sexe logi - sexology Sexel nesi - Seychelles si - if (suppose, assume) Sibiria - Siberia siborge yum - seaborgium side - sit down side loka - seat (saddle) sifa - attribute (charasteristic, quality, feature, description, property) sifa di - descriptive sifa loga - adjective sigar - cigarette (cigar) siki din - Sikhism siki din ja - Sikh sikle - bike (cycle) resikle - recycle sikle ja - cyclist silike - silicon silke - silk silke larva - silkworm sim - advocacy (promotion, -ism) sim ja - advocate (promoter, supporter, adherent) simbol - symbol (emblem) simple - simple (not complicated) sin - sign (signal) sine - chest (breast) sine kasa - rib cage sine plate - breastplate sing - star singa - lion Singapur - Singapore sir - secret (hidden) sir move - sneak sir plan - conspiracy (plot) sirta - stealth (secrecy) siro - zero (none) siro jen - nobody (no-one) siro sata - never siro xe - nothing sis - sister sis doh - sororal niece sis son - sororal nephew sismo - shake (jolt, earthquake) sismo logi - seismology sistem - system sistem di - systemic sita - quote (cite) sita marke - quotation mark siti - city (town) sivil - civilized (civil) sivilta - civilization skute - scoot (ride a scooter, move while sitting) skuter - scooter Slave - Slavic Slovakia - Slovakia Slovenia - Slovenia so - element (factor, the simplest unit) sofa - sofa (couch) sofi - wise sofita - wisdom soi - soy bean soi milke - soy milk soi sos - soy sauce soki - search (seek, look for) sol - sun sol cati - parasol solden - Sunday sol estasi - solstice sol hua - sunflower sol kentaur hua - yellow starthistle sol sistem - solar system Solomon nesi - Solomon Islands Somal - Somalia Somal Dexa - Somaliland son - son son doh - son's daughter son son - son's son sona - sleep • ansona - insomnia sona kamar - bedroom sona papi - opium poppy sona tabi - drowsy songi - pine tree soni - sound (audio) sorbe - sip (slurp, suck up) • asorbe - absorb sos - sauce sosi - society (association) sosi jinse - social gender sosi li - social sosi medi gi - social media sosi sim - socialism sosi sim ja - socialist sosis - sausage Soto - Lesotho spete - watch (spectate, observe) • aspete - aspect (viewpoint) • despete - look away from (despise, disregard) • inspete - inspect (check, examine, look into) • intraspete - introspection • respete - look back at (respect) • speter - watcher (spectator, observer) stan - tract (land, ground, region) su - possessive postposition (’s) suahili - Swahili sual - question (query, inquiry) sual di - interrogative sual dokumen - form (questionaire) sual tema - issue (affair, concern) Sualbarde - Svalbard suan - sour suan mate - acid Suati - Eswatini (Swaziland) suba - morning (dawn) suba dia - forenoon suba yam - breakfast Sudan - Sudan sude - south Sude Afrika - South Africa Sude Amerika - South America Sude cosen - South Korea (Republic of Korea) sude di - southern Sude Iria (Alonia) - South Ossetia (Alania) Sude Jorjia i Sude Sanduice nesi - South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Sude Sudan - South Sudan sueda - sweat (perspiration) sueda di - sweaty Suen - Sweden suga - fast (quick, rapid, speedy) suga metri gi - speedometer sugata - speed (velocity) sui - water sui culi - water treatment sui di - watery sui gas - steam (vapor) sui gui - sea monster sui kaboga - calabash sui minta - watermint sui rang - watercolor sui sekur di - waterproof sui yau - thirst Suise - Switzerland suka - enjoy (like, be happy, be fond of; pleased, delighted, happy) sukafa - please (satisfy, delight) sukre - sugar sukre bete - sugar beet sukre di - sugary (sweet) sukre gana - sugarcane sukre oranje - sweet orange sukros - sucrose sulfe - sulfur (brimstone) sulfate - sulfate sultan - power (authority, rule) sultan dexa - sultanate sultan ja - ruler sum - sum (total) suna - custom (tradition, practice, convention) suna di - conventional (customary, traditional) suna islam din - Sunni Islam (Sunnism) Suomi - Finland suomi baxa - Finnish language supa - soup (stew) supa camaca - tablespoon super - superb (wonderful, super) supra - overpass supra di - upper supra vakil ja - senator supriza - surprise Suria - Syria Surinam - Suriname surinam baxa - Sranan Tongo susan - lily suta - skill (art, craft) suta di - skillful (crafty, dexterous) suta tabi - skillful (crafty) sutur - suture (seam) suxi - sushi ## T ta - -ness, (-ity) tabaku - tobacco tabi - nature (disposition, essence, character, -ive) table - slab (slate, tablet, board) table komputa - tablette computer table yo data - tabulate tai - stage (platform, pedestal, podium) Tai baxa - Thai language Tai Dexa - Thailand Taibei - Taipei taiga - taiga tail - tile Taivan - Taiwan (Republic of China) Tajiki - Tajikistan tala - lock (fastener) • detala - unlock • detala di - unlocked tala di - locked (secure) tali yum - thallium tamar - date fruit tami - greedy Tamil - Tamil tana - stem (torso, trunk, stalk) tanah - Tanakh (Jewish Bible) tanki - tank (reservoir) tantal yum - tantalum tanur - oven (furnace) Tanzania - Tanzania tapa - stopper (cap, peg, plug, tap) • antapa - unplug (uncork) tarif - tarif (tax, duty) tasa - bowl (dish) tatika - tactic (maneuver) tatu - tattoo tava - frying pan taxe - order (arrangement) • sintaxe - syntax taxe nomi - taxonomy taxi - fee (fare) taxi gar - taxi (cab) taxi metri gi - taximeter taxi vala - taxi driver (cab driver) taza - fresh tef - lovegrass (teff) tehni - technique (technology) tehni krati - technocracy tehni logi - technology (study of techniques) tehni yum - technetium tela - cloth (fabric, textile) tela gi - loom tele - distance (far away) tele di - far tele fon - telephone tele fon bude - telephone booth tele fon lin - telephone line tele fon nume - telephone number tele fon suta - telephony (telephone communication) teleta - distance (length) tele vide gi - television teleskope - telescope telu yum - tellurium Telugu - Telugu tema - topic (subject, theme; be about) tema nam - title (headline) tene - hold (grasp, detain) • intene - contain (include; content) • kontene - contain (hold together) • kontener - container • retene - retain (hold back) • sutene - sustain • sutener - souteneur (pimp) tenebil - accessible (within reach) tene fasilta - accessibility (ease of access) Tenesi - Tennessee tenesi yum - tennessine tenis - tennis tense - tight (tense) tenseta - tension tenta - tempt (entice) teori - theory tepe - tape tera - tera- terbi yum - terbium terca - oblique (askew, tilted) termo - temperature termo metri gi - thermometer teror - terror teror sim - terrorism teror sim ja - terrorist tesla - tesla (T) teste - try (attempt) teste - test (challenge, trial) • konteste - contest (challenge) • proteste - protest (challenge for) Tetis - Tethys teza - intensive (depending on context: brisk, sharp, acrid, strong, fast, quick, loud) tezata - intensity (volume) teze - argument (thesis) • sinteze - synthesis ticin - bow instrument (violin, etc.) tike - piece (nugget, tikka) tikete - tag (ticket, label, slip, note) tim - team Timor - Timor tipe - type (kind, genre) tipi - tipi (teepee) tire - pull (draw, drag) tire dara - rip current tire kane - lever tire sanduku - drawer tire yo milke - milk (draw milk) tire yo pil - strip (peel) tis - inflammation (-itis) tisa - nine (9) Titan - Titan titan yum - titanium Titania - Titania titi - breast (boob, tit) tix - hush (shh) tix - silent (quiet) tixta - silence to - to (toward, till, until, for) to in - inward (internal) to jin - forward to long - long (over a gread distance) to misal - for example to vai - outward (external) tocu - touch tocu sense - feel (sense by touch) Togo - Togo Tokyo - Tokyo tolera - tolerate tomate - tomato tomi - split (dissect) • antomibil - indivisible • dutomi - dichotomy • jivatomi - vivisection • tritomi - trichotomy • tomi grafi - tomogram • tomi grafi - tomography ton - tone (note, pitch, shade) tong - barrel (can, cask) Tonga - Tonga topo - region (tract, land, ground) topo grafi - topography topo metri grafi - map (chart, geographic map) tor yum - thorium torso - trunk (torso) tortuga - turtle (tortoise) toxi - poison (venom) toxi di - toxic (poisonous, venomous) toxilogi - toxicology tra - through tragona di - diagonal tralongta - diameter trapas - transit (transport, passage) tragi - sad (tragic) tragi-komi - tragicomic Transe Nistre Dexa - Transnistria • antranse vide di - opaque transe vide di - transparent (see-through, clear) trate - drag (haul, tow, trail) • atrate - attract • atratevi - attractive • distrate - distract (pull apart) • extrate - extract (draw out) • extrater - extractor trater - tractor trati - agreement (treaty) • kontrati - agreement (treaty, contract) tre - very tren - train tren dau - rail (railway, railroad) tren kape ja - train hijacker tren tikete - train ticket tri - three (3) tri gona - triangle trime - third (3rd) tri pike - trident tripli - triple (threefold) tribu - tribe Trinidade i Tobago - Trinidad and Tobago Triton - Triton truke - trick (ruse, fraud) tu - you (singular) tumen - you all tumen su - your tumimen - we (inclusive we) tu su - your tuale - towel tuale kaguji - toilet paper tuale kamar - toilet (bathrooom, WC) tubo - tube (pipe) tufan - storm (tempest, typhoon, hurricane, cyclone) tuh - spit Tule - Thule tule yum - thulium tulpan - tulip tuna - tuna tundra - tundra tundra xan - fell tunel - tunnel tunel tren - subway (metro) Tunis - Tunisia tupi - hat (cap) tur - tour (excursion, trip) turbe - whirl (dizz; disorientate, trouble, disturb, bother, annoy) • disturbe - disturb (disturbance, turbulence) turbejeter - turbojet turbin - turbine turfa - peat Turki - Turkey turki baxa - Turkish langage Turkomen - Turkmenistan tuta - mulberry Tuvalu - Tuvalu tuzi - rabbit (hare) ## U UDA di - American (US) uhu - cry (boo-hoo, alas, woe) Ukraina - Ukraine ulul - howling uma - horse uma bici - horsewhip (riding crop) umami - savory (umami) Umbriel - Umbriel umur - age umur di - aged un - one (1) un deu sim - monotheism un di - only (single, sole, lone, just) undura - continuous (analog) undurali hor loga gi - analog clock un fen du - half (½) un mar - once (one time) un me - first (number one) un rang di - monochrome un sata - instantly un semi di - unambiguous unta - unity Unta Arabi Amir Dexa (UAA) - United Arab Emirates Unta Dex de Amerika (UDA) - United States of America (USA) un ta di - united un ta liga - union un verse di - universal un xe sim - monism un yen di lense - monocle un zai di - alone (lonely, isolated, solitary, single) Uran - Uranus uran yum - uranium urdu - Urdu Urdun - Jordan Uruguai - Uruguay Uruxalem - Jerusalem Uzbeki - Uzbekistan uze - use (employ, apply) uzebil di - usable (available) uze ja - user uze ja nam - username ## V va - wow! (gee!) vaf - dog vaf bude - doghouse (dog shelter) vaf parke - kennel (facility) vafle - waffle vagina - vagina vagina tis - vaginitis vahi - oasis vai - outside (exterior) vai dara - overflow (spill out) vai dexa - foreign country vai dexa di - foreign vai di - outer (external) vai gene di - exogenous vai jen - outsider vai klus di - exclusive vai mise - export vai nam - exonym vai planeta - exoplanet vai poze - expose (reveal) vai tense - extent vai trata gi - extractor vai verse di - extroverted (outgoing) vai vide di - evident (apparent, obvious) vai yam - picnic vakil - represent vakil ja - representative (proxy, agent) vakil krati - republic vala - practicioner (person in charge or employed in an area, -person, -man) vali - valley vali susan - lily of the valley Valis i Futuna nesi - Wallis and Futuna Islands valse - waltz valu - value (worth) vampir - vampire vampir ohtopus - vampire squid vanadi yum - vanadium vanila - vanilla vanu - fun (amusement) vanu di - funny (amusing) vanu gi - toy (plaything) Vanuatu - Vanuatu vari - various (diverse, miscellaneous) varibil - variable varis - rice varis araki - arrack varis biskute - rice cake (puffed rice cake) varis vin - rice wine varite - heritage (legacy, bequest) vasin - vaccine vate - watt Vatikan - Holy See (Vatican City State) vava - weep (cry) vaxi - wash Vaxington DC - Washington DC vei - latitudinal (horizontal) vei di - traverse (horizontal) vei gola - parallel (line of latitude) vei gradu - latitude vei lin - weft vel - veil devel - unveil (reveal, uncover) vende - sell (vend) vende xope - trade (commerce, buying and selling) vende xope ja - trader (merchant) Venezuela - Venezuela Venjou - Wenzhou venjou oranje - satsuma mandarin ventur - adventure (venture) ventur ja - adventurer ver - true (real, genuine, indeed, very) veranda - veranda (balcony, terrace, porch) verme - worm vermute - vermouth versi - turn toward (direct, flip; versus) • deversi - avert • disversi - diverse • exversi - extroverted (outgoing) • extraversi - extrovert (outgoing) • intraversi - introvert • konversi - converse (turn back and forth) • kontraversi - controversy • perversi - pervert (twist; perverse) • reversi - reverse (invert, direct back; backwards) version - version (variation, edition) vespa - bee or wasp vespa nide - bee nest (beehive, wasp's nest) veste - west veste di - western veste gorila - western gorilla veze - weight (heft, gravity) veze di - heavy veze metri gi - scales (weighing device) vide - look (see) • previde - expect (anticipate, predict, forsee) • anprevide di - unexpected • previde di - expected vide ja - spectator (sightseer, observer) vide medan - visual field (field of vision) vide punte - perspective (point of view) vide xe - view (vision) vidou - widow Viete - Viet Nam viete baxa - Vietnamese language (Viet) vijin - MSG (monosodium glutamate) viki - wiki viki makala - wiki article viki pedia - wikipedia vilde - wild (savage) vin - wine vinkan - winery vin suan - vinegar vinil - vinyl violeta - pansy (violet, viola) violeta nil - purple (violet) virge - virgin (pristine, virginal; Virgo) virge di - pristine (virginal) Virgin nesi - Virgin Islands, US virus - virus virus logi - virology vise - vice (deputy, alternative, substitute, replacement) vise kitaba - overwrite vise loga - pronoun vise ma - step-mother vise pa - step-father vise prezidente - vice-president vise raja - viceroy viski - whisky (whiskey) vita - screw vitamin - vitamin Vixnu - Vishnu viza - visa vo - that over there vode - promise (vow, oath) vodun - voodoo voka - call (voice; summon) • exvoka - evoke (call out) • invoka - invoke • provoka - provoke • revoka - revoke (call back) voka soni - vowel voku - happen (occur; happening, event, occurence) vol - want (desire, wish) vol xe - want (desire, wish) volfe - wolf volfram - tungsten (wolfram) Volof - Wolof (language and people) volta - volt (V) vote - vote (ballot) vote haki - franchise (right to vote) vuki - weapon (arms) vuki ordu - armed forces (army) vulva - vulva vutu - object (item, thing) ## X xa - auxiliary verb that marks future tense (will, shall) xah geme - chess xah mata - checkmate xaka - branch (bough, limb, arm) xakal - jackal xaki - doubt (suspect; suspicion) xakibil - dubious (suspicious, unbelievable) xakija - doubtful (suspicious, disbelieving) xal - scarf (shawl) xam - evening xam dia - afternoon xam yam - dinner xaman - shaman xampan - Champagne xampan vin - champagne xan - mountain (hill) xan pike - top (peak, pinnacle, summit, apex, vertex) xanghai - Shanghai Xani - Saturn xaniden - Saturday xanti - rest (relief, repose) xanti di - calm (peaceful, quiet) xara - saw xarafun - sawdust xarakan - sawmill xarma - shame (disgrace) xarnir - hinge (pivot) xarti - condition (requirement) xatan - oppose (antagonize, object, resist) xatan di - devilish (satanic) xatan din - Satanism (devil worship) xatan din ja - Satanist xatan ja - devil (Satan) xava - roast xava pang - toast (toasted bread) xaxa - rustle xayu - shark xe - thing xe hal - situation (circumstances, state of affairs) xe hal ironi - situational irony xefe - chief (boss) xefe di - main (principal) xefe ministre ja - prime minister xenon - xenon xi - Mx. (Mr. or Ms.) xi Fulan - what's-his-name xia - faction (clique) xia islam din - Shia Islam (Shi’ism) xifu - master (sensei, sifu) xigu - accident (mishap) xikaya - complain (lament) xike - elegant (chic) xilos - xylose (wood sugar) xim - heart xindau din - Shintoism xipi - wet (damp, moist) xir - poem xir ja - poet xirope - syrup xite - feces (poop, shit) xiti - lose (misplace, miss, shed) xiti bai - failure (blunder, flop, miss, loss, defeat) xiti bai ja - loser xiu - little (small) xiu bol - bubble xiu deha - small village (hamlet) xiu kaboga - zucchini xiu seku - pebble (gravel) xiu siti - small town xiu yam - snack xiu zi - lowercase letter xiva - Shiva xix - skewer xix kababu - shish kebab xix nama - shashlik xofer ja - chauffeur (driver) xoke - shock (collision) xopi - shopping xopi ja - buyer xou - show (display, exhibition, demonstration, demo) xukur - thanks (thank you) xukurta - gratitude xula - education (schooling) xula guru - schoolteacher xula ja - student (pupil, learner) xula kamar - classroom xulakan - school (institution) xula xe - lesson (teaching) xula xefe - headmaster (principal) xuli - repair (fix) xuli ja - repairer xuru - beginning (start, commencement, onset) xuru di - initial (first) xux - hush (shh) xux di - silent ## Y ya - yes Yahve - Yahweh (Jehovah) yake - yak yaki - about (approximately, nearly, almost) yaki nesi - peninsula yam - consume (eat or drink) yam fito - vegetable yam kamar - dining room yam liste - menu (bill of fare) yam sukar gana - duruka yam xe - food (meal) yam yau - hunger yama - flax (linen) yama seme - linseed yama tela - linen fabric yang - kind (style, sort, type) preyang di - classic (classical) Yapetus - Iapetus yatim - orphan yatim dom - orphanage yau - need (lack, require) • anyau di - unnecessary (extraneous, unneeded) yau di - necessary (needed) yauta - need (shortage, lack, requirement) ye - this yehudi - Jewish yehudi din - Judaism yeka - exchange (replace, trade, swap) yeka kanon - I Ching (the Book of Changes) yem - salt yem biskute - cracker (soda cracker) yem di - salty (saline) Yemen - Yemen yen - eye yen di - ocular yen kexa - eyelash yen sui - tear drop yen sui gas - tear gas yepa - leaf (sheet) yepa alga - kelp yepa late - page (side of a leaf of a book) Yesa - Jesus Yesa Mesi - Jesus Christ yezi - coconut tree yo - some (one) yo jen - someone (somebody) yo sata - sometime yo xe - something yoga - yoga yoga ja - yogi yogo - yoke yogur - yogurt Yohan festa - Saint John's Day Yoruba - Yoruba (language and people) yota - yotta- you - infantile (juvenile, immature) you jen - infant (child) you moke - sapling you nan - boy you nen - childhood (years of being very young) you ni - girl youta - childhood (immaturity) yumor - humor yumor di - humorous (comical, funny) yumor ja - humorist yurta - yurt (ger) yuter yum - yttrium yuterbi yum - ytterbium ## Z zai - exist (presently, currently) zai den - today zai di - present (existing) zaita - presence (existence) zai zaman - present time (now) zai zaman di - current (contemporary, present-day) zaitun - olive zalim - mean (cruel) zalim raja - tyrant (despot) zalimta - cruelty (tyranny, despotism) zaman - time • prezaman - past times • prezaman di - old (ancient, former) • prezaman xe - relic Zambia - Zambia zar - hazard (chance) zar di - random zar kube - die (dice) Zardux - Zoroaster zardux din - Zoroastrianism zardux din ja - Zoroastrian zardux magi ja - magus (Zoroastrian priest) zebra - zebra zelo - fervour (zeal, passion) zeta - zetta- zeyil - wart zeze - fly zi - character (written symbol) zi forma - font zi seri - alphabet zikura - ziggurat Zimbabue - Zimbabwe zina - adultery (infidelity) zinke - zinc zipe - zip up ziper - zipper (zip) zira - cumin (jeera) zirkon - zircon zirkon yum - zirconium ziza - zigzag zizi - sizzle zoku - continue (go on, keep on, carry on, proceed, still, yet) zombi - zombie zona - belt (zone) zukam - cold (illness) Zukra - Venus zukraden - Friday zuku - ethnic group zuku di - ethnic zuku medi di - interethnic Zulu - Zulu zumarde - emerald