Introduction

Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.

English speakers will find it easy to make basic sentences in Pandunia as the word order is generally the same as in English, there are no definite or indefinite articles, no verb "to be", and no complicated rules about changing the form of words to express singular and plural or the tense of verbs.

The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.

You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.

Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!

Part 1: Greeting and basics

salam greet, greeting

salam Hello!

suba salam! Good morning!

den salam! Good day!

xam salam! Good evening!

noce salam! Good night!

kane salam! Bon appetit!

laye salam! Welcome!

ende salam! Goodbye!

safar salam! Have a safe journey!

son salam! Sleep well!

As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!

Salam is a popular greeting that is used by both religious and non-religious people in many different countries around the world.

Etymology. salam is from Arabic: سَلَام‏ "salām", Hebrew: שָׁלוֹם‏ "šalom", Turkish: selam, Hindi: सलाम "salām", Swahili: salaam, Indonesian: selamat.

mi I, me

mi sara. I'm Sara.

mi tomas. I'm Thomas.

You can introduce yourself simply by saying mi and your name. You don't need a verb for saying it in Pandunia!

mi salama ma. I greet mother.

mi salama pa. I greet father.

The word salam is a noun and salama is the corresponding verb. The basic word order in Pandunia is subject-verb-object.

sara salama tomas. Sara greets Thomas.

salam ma! Greetings, mother!

salam pa! Greetings, father!

Etymology. mi is from English: me, Italian: mi, Swahili: mimi, Zulu: -mi-.

tu you

tu tomas. You are Thomas.

mi salama tu. I greet you.

tu salama mi. You greet me.

Pronouns don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why mi is the same in subject and object positions while English has two different forms, 'I' and 'me'.

mi romansa tu. I love you.

Etymology. tu is from Spanish: "tú", Italian: "tu", French: "tu", Hindi: तू "tū", Farsi: تو‏‎ "to", Tajik: ту "tu".

ye he, she or it

ye man. He is a man.

ye fem. She is a woman.

ye pingo. It is an apple.

ye is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as for things.

mi salama ye. I greet him/her.

Etymology. ye is from Lingala: yé, Swahili: yeye, Chichewa: iye, Zulu: -ye-, Hindi: यह "ye".

kia to ask a question

kia tu tomas? Are you Thomas?

kia tu doktar? Are you a doctor?

Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with kia. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from mi kia tu doktar. (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.

kia tu bon? How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
mi bon. I'm good.
kia tu? And you?
mi no bon. I'm not good.

Etymology. kia is from Hindi: क्या "kyā", Urdu: كيا‏‎ "kyā", Japanese: 聞く "kiku".

si yes

kia tu tomas? Are you Thomas.

si, mi tomas. Yes, I am Thomas.

kia ye doktar? Is he/she a doctor?

si, ye si doktar. Yes, he is a doctor.

The word si can be used for stating something as a fact. The it is used instead of "to be". In Pandunia there's no verb for "to be".

mi si tomas. I am Thomas.

tu si sara. You are Sara.

pingo si pal. The apple is a fruit.

Note: It is necessary to use si in the latest phrase because, without it, the phrase would look like a compound word: pingo pal (an apple fruit).

Etymology. si is from Spanish: sí, Italian: sì, Portuguese: sim, Mandarin: 是 "shì", Wu Chinese: 是 "sí".

no no, not

mi no sara. I'm not Sara.

mi no doktar. I'm not a doctor.

kia tu bon? Are you well?
si. mi bon. Yes, I'm well.

kia tu bon. Are you well?
no, mi no bon. No, I'm not well.

You can use no to deny anything. It is placed before the word that is denied.

ye no salama mi. He/she doesn't greet me.

Etymology. no is from English: no, Spanish: no, French: non.

men people

Add men to a singular pronoun to make it plural.

mimen salama tumen. We greet you all.

tumen salama yemen. You greet them.

yemen salama mimen! They greet us.

mimen si fem. We are women.

tumen si man. You are men.

yemen si pingo. They are apples.

Etymology. men is from Mandarin: 们 "men", English: men (people in general).

ke? what? who?

ke? What?

tu si ke? Who are you?
mi si tomas. I'm Thomas.

ye si ke? Who is he/she?
ye si sara. She is Sara.

tumen si ke? Who are you people?

yemen si ke? Who are they?

Etymology. ke is from Spanish: qué, Portuguese: que, Italian: che, Bengali: কী "ki".

sa this, that

sa si ke? / ke si sa? What's this?

sa si pingo. This is an apple.

sa si ros pingo. This is a red apple.

sa pingo ros. This apple is red.

Note: When an adjective, like ros, is placed before a noun, it works as a modifier. When it follows the noun, it works as an adjectival verb.

ye ros. It's red.

da 's (possessive particle)

sa ke? What's this?

sa mi da fon. It's my phone.

sa ke da? Whose is this?

sa mi da. It's mine.

Note: Possessive particle da is put between the owner and the owned thing. So mi da means "my", tu da means "your" and so on.

ye ke? Who's he/she?

ye si mi da doste. He/she is my friend.

mi si sara da doste. I am Sara's friend.

Etymology. da is from Mandarin: 的 /də/.

nam name

tu da nam si ke? What's your name?

mi da nam si tomas. My name is Thomas.

ye namu ke? What he/she is called?

ye namu sara. She is called Sara.

mi namu tomas. I'm called Thomas.

Etymology. nam is from Hindi: नाम "nām", Farsi: نام‏‎ "nām", Thai: นาม "naam", Indonesian: nama, Japanese: 名前 "namae", German: Name, English: name.

haba have

mi haba bon dom. I have a good house.

ye no haba pesa. S/he doesn't have money.

mi wol haba nowi fon. I want to have a new phone.

kia tu haba ban? Do you have children?
mi haba dua ban. I have two children.

jan to know

mi jan ye. I know him/her.

kia tu jan sa jen? Do you know that person?

kia tumen jan alise? Do you know each other?

mimen jan alise ze long. We know each other for long.

da 's

ye si mi da ma. She is my mother.

ye si mi da man. He is my man.

ye si mi da fem. She is my wife.

tomas si sara da panyo. Thomas is Sara's friend.

mede help

mi nida mede. I need help.

kia tu ken meda mi? Can you help me?

kia mi ken meda tu? Can I help you?

Part 2: Eating

kana consume, eat, drink

kia tu wol kana yo? Would you like to eat something?

ye kana pingo. He/she eats an apple.

yemen kana pingo. They eat apples.

Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like pingo can refer to one or more apples.

kia tu kana kafe? Do you drink coffee?

mi kana kafe. I drink coffee.

Tip: Meaning of kana covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.

mi kana kafe i pan. I'm having coffee and bread.

wol want

kia tu wol kana? Would you like to eat?

tu wol kana ke? What would you like to eat?

Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.

mi wol kana kafe. I want to drink coffee.

kia tu wol kana ca? Would you like to drink tea?
no. mi no wol ca. mi wol kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.

tu wol ke pingo? Which apple do you want?
sa ros. This red one.

cing request, please

mi cing tu kana ca. I ask you to drink tea.

mi cing tu lay dom. I ask you to come home.

mi cing tu meda mi. I ask you to help me.

Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.

cing kana ca. Please, have some tea!

cing kana kafe. Please, have some coffee!

cing lay dom. Please, come home!

cing meda mi. Please, help me.

danke thanks

danke! Thanks!

danka tu. Thank you.

mi danka tu. I thank you.

mi danka tu meda mi. I thank you for helping me.

danka tu meda mi. Thanks for helping me.

tu keci. You're welcome. (Literally: You're polite.)

haida let's

haida kana! Let's eat!

haida enda kana! Let's go eat!

haida enda dom. Let's go home.

nida need

mi nida mede. I need help.

mi nida kana. I'm hungry.

kia tu nida kana? Are you hungry?

kia tu nida su? Are you thirsty?

Part 3. Communication

maf sorry, pardon

maf! mi no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.

maf! sa ke? Excuse me, what's this?

maf. tu namu ke? Excuse me, what's your name?

aha understand

kia tu aha mi? Do you understand me?

mi aha. I understand.

maf. mi no aha tu. Sorry. I don't understand you.

mi no bas aha tu. I didn't quite understand you.

mi aha nul. I don't understand at all.

ken can

mi ken gida gar. I can drive a car.

ye no ken gida gar. S/he doesn't know how to drive a car.

kia tu ken xula ye? Do you know how to fix it?

kia tu ken pandunia? Do you speak Pandunia?

mi ken pandunia. I speak Pandunia.

mi ken xau pandunia. I speak a little Pandunia.

mi no ken englix. I don't speak English.

maf. mi no ken tu da baxa. Sorry, I don't speak your language.

loga to say, speak, talk

tu loga ke? What did you say?

mi loga to tu. I talk to you.

mimen loga to alise. We talk to each other.

se loga "cat" na ke yang na pandunia? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?

"cat" si ke na pandunia? What is "cat" in Pandunia?

mau loga miau. Cat says meow.

auda to listen, hear

mi no ken auda tu. I can't hear you.

cing loga kuat. Please speak louder.

mi auda musik. I listen to music.

tu auda ke yang da musik? What kind of music do you listen to?

wida to see

suku wida tu. Pleased to see you!

wida tu re! See you again!

wida tu nale! See you tomorrow!

mi wida ye yer. I saw him/her yesterday.

mana to mean

sa loge mana ke? What does this word mean?

"mau" mana ke? What does "mau" mean?

ye mana yang du hewan. It means a kind of animal.

mi no aha ye mana ke. I don't understand what it means.

kitaba write

cing kitaba tu da adres. Please, write your address.

cing kitaba ye na sa. Please, write it here!

baxa speak a language, communicate

kia tumen baxa pandunia. Do you speak in Pandunia?

mimen baxa pandunia. We speak in Pandunia.

kia tu ken baxa englix? Can you speak English?

frans, espanya, portugal, ruski French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian

putong han, nipon, indonesia Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian

arabi, turki, farsi, urdu, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi

swahili, hausa, yoruba, amara Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic

Part 4. Going around

enda to go

tu enda ke? Where are you going?

mi enda dom. I'm going home.

mi mus enda ke? Where should I go?

mi mus enda ke jen? To whom should I go?

haida enda! Let's go!

haida enda na ped Let's go by foot!

lay to come

cing lay! Come here!

tu lay ze ke? Where do you come from?

mi lay ze dubai. I come from Dubai.

mi lay dom nale. I will come home tomorrow.

safara to travel

kia tu safara na tren? Do you travel by train?

mimen safara ze london to paris. We travel from London to Paris.

safar cok long. The voyage is very long.

na in, on, at

hotel na ke? Where is the hotel?

hotel na sa dau. The hotel is on that road.

tu na ke? Where are you?

mi na dom. I'm at home.

ye na ke? Where is he/she?

ye sit na kamar. He/she sits in the room.

Tip! You can use na as a preposition or alone as the verb.

mi gong na... I work at ...

doma to live, reside

tu doma ke? Where do you live?

mi doma singapur. I live in Singapore.

kia tu doma sa hotel? Do you live in this hotel?

Tip: It is also okay to say "tu doma na ke?" instead of "tu doma ke". However doma already covers the meaning of being at somewhere, so na is not necessary.

denga to wait

cing denga! Please wait!

yemen denga mimen. They wait for us.

mi denga tu na hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.

Part 5. Doing business

kap take, get

mi kap un kafe. I will take a coffee.

cing kap un kafe to mi. Please take one coffee for me.

tu ja kap pesa ze mi. You already got money from me.

dar give

cing dar pesa. Please give some money.

cing dar ye to mi. Please give it to me.

mi dar sa to tu. I give this to you.

mi dar buk to yemen. I give a book to them.

ye no wol dar ye to mi. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.

mai commerce

Tip: Buying and selling a compound words: mai dar means to sell and mai kap means to buy.

yemen mai dar tot. They sell everything.

mi kap un bir. I will take a beer.

mi mai kap un bir. I will buy a beer.

kira rent

mi wol kira kap un gar. I want to rent a car.

ye kira dar kamar to biznes jen. He/she rents rooms to business people.

Tip: Kira is paired with give and take just like mai.

Word List

All words of Pandunia are loan words from other languages that are spoken around the world. Probably you can recognize many Pandunia words from English and other languages that you may know. Usually one Pandunia word is shared by many languages. For example ma and pa are known in hundreds of languages. However, only one source word is included in this word list as an example.

ama but (Turkish ama)
bai white (Mandarin bái 白)
batu stone (Indonesian batu)
bazar marketplace, bazaar (Persian bāzār بازار)
bax language; communicate (Hindi bhāśā भाषा)
baxa speak, communicate
blu blue (English blue)
bon good (French bon)
ca tea (Mandarin chá 茶)
cing ask, request (Mandarin qǐng 请)
den day (Russian den' день)
dom home, residence (Russian dom дом)
doma live, reside
enda to go (Swahili kuenda)
englix English
fem woman (French femme)
gata to tell (japana kataru 語る)
gon before, earlier, former(ly) (Thai gɔ̀ɔn ก่อน)
haba have; there is (German haben)
haber news (Malay khabar)
i and (Polish i)
jan know (Hindi jānnā जानना)
jen person (Mandarin rén 人)
kafe coffee (German Kaffee)
kal black (Hindi काला kāla)
kana eat, drink (Hindi खाना khānā)
kata cut (Hindi ‎kāṭnā काटना)
ke what? who? (Spanish qué)
ken can (English can)
keci polite (Mandarin kèqi 客气)
kia ask, question (Hindi kyā क्या)
lay come (Vietnamese lai)
ma mother (Mandarin māma 妈妈)
man man (English man)
mana to mean (Swahili maana)
meda to help, to assist (French aider)
mede help, assistance
mi I, me (Swahili mimi)
mimen we
nida need (English need)
no no, not (Spanish no)
noce night (Spanish noche)
nun now, currently (German nun)
pa father (Russian papa папа)
pingo apple (Mandarin píngguǒ 苹果)
ros red (Italian rosso)
sa this; that (Haitian Creole sa)
safar travel, journey (Arabic safar سفر)
salam greeting; hello (Arabic salām سلام)
si yes; to be (Spanish )
suba morning (Wolof subba)
tu you (Tamil நீ)
tumen you all
u or (French ou)
wang yellow (Cantonese wong)
wida see, look (Russian videt' видеть)
wol want (Italian volere)
xam evening (Hindi śām शाम )
ye he, she, it (Mandarin 他/她/它)
yemen they