Introduction

Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.

The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.

You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.

Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!

Part 1: Greeting and basics

salam greet, greeting

salam Hello!

suba salam! Good morning!

den salam! Good day!

xam salam! Good evening!

noce salam! Good night!

yem salam! Bon appetit!

lay salam! Welcome!

ende salam! Goodbye!

safar salam! Have a safe journey!

son salam! Sleep well!

Tip: As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!

Note: Salam is a popular greeting that is used by both religious and non-religious people in many different countries around the world.

mi I, me

mi salama mama. I greet mother.

mi salama papa. I greet father.

salam mama! Hello, mother!

salam papa! Hello, father!

mimen salama mama. We greet mother.

tu you

mi salama tu. I greet you.

tu salama mi. You greet me.

Tip: The basic word order is subject-verb-object. Words don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why mi stays the same in Pandunia, but in English 'I' changes to 'me'.

salam tu! Hello you!

Note: tu means one single person only. The plural pronoun is tumen, "you all".

mi salama tumen. I greet you all.

salam tumen! Hello you all!

si to be

mi si tomas. I am Thomas.

tu si sara. You are Sara.

mau si hewan. The cat is an animal.

Note: Like every word in Pandunia, si is unchanging. So am, is, are, was and were are all translated si in Pandunia! In addition, in simple phrases it's allowed to leave out si after a pronoun like mi and tu.

mi sara. I'm Sara.

tu tomas. You're Thomas.

ye he, she or it

ye si fem. She is a woman.

ye si man. He is a man.

ye si pingo. It is an apple.

Tip: ye is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as things. As you can guess, yemen means "they".

yemen si pingo. They are apples.

mimen salama yemen. We greet them.

mimen salama tumen. We greet you.

ke? what? who?

ke? What?

tu si ke? Who are you?
mi si tomas. I'm Thomas.

ye si ke? Who is he/she?
ye si sara. She is Sara.

tumen si ke? Who are you people?

yemen si ke? Who are they?

sa this, that

sa si ke? / ke si sa? What's this?

sa si pingo. This is an apple.

sa si ros pingo. This is a red apple.

sa pingo ros. This apple is red.

Note: When an adjective, like ros, is placed before a noun, it works as a modifier. When it follows the noun, it works as an adjectival verb.

ye ros. It's red.

nam name

tu nam si ke? What's your name?

mi nam si tomas. My name is Thomas.

ye nam si ke? What's his/her name?

ye nam si sara. Her name is Sara.

kia to ask a question

kia tu si tomas? Are you Thomas?

kia tu si doktor? Are you a doctor?

Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with kia. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from mi kia tu doktor. (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.

kia tu bon? How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
mi bon. I'm good.
kia tu? And you?
mi no bon. I'm not good.

haba have

mi haba bon dom. I have a good house.

ye no haba pesa. S/he doesn't have money.

mi wol haba nowi fon. I want to have a new phone.

kia tu haba ban? Do you have children?
mi haba dua ban. I have two children.

si yes

kia tu bon? Are you well?
si. mi bon. Yes, I'm well.

kia haba doktor? Is there a doctor?
si. ye si doktor. Yes. He/she is a doctor.

kia haba win? Do you have wine?
si. bai i ros. Yes, white and red.

no no, not

mi no doktor. I'm not a doctor.

sa man no doktor. That man is not a doctor.

sa pingo no ros. This apple is not red.

saba to know

mi saba ye. I know him/her.

kia tu saba sa jen? Do you know that person?

kia tumen saba alise? Do you know each other?

mimen saba alise ze long. We know each other for long.

da 's

ye si mi da mama. She is my mother.

ye si mi da man. He is my man.

ye si mi da fem. She is my wife.

tomas si sara da panyo. Thomas is Sara's friend.

mede help

mi nida mede. I need help.

kia tu ken meda mi? Can you help me?

kia mi ken meda tu? Can I help you?

Part 2: Eating

yem consume, eat, drink

kia tu wol yem yo? Would you like to eat something?

ye yem pingo. He/she eats an apple.

yemen yem pingo. They eat apples.

Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like pingo can refer to one or more apples.

kia tu yem kafe? Do you drink coffee?

mi yem kafe. I drink coffee.

Tip: Meaning of yem covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.

mi yem kafe i pan. I'm having coffee and bread.

wol want

kia tu wol yem? Would you like to eat?

tu wol yem ke? What would you like to eat?

Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.

mi wol yem kafe. I want to drink coffee.

kia tu wol yem ca? Would you like to drink tea?
no. mi no wol ca. mi wol kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.

tu wol ke pingo? Which apple do you want?
sa ros. This red one.

cing request, please

mi cing tu yem ca. I ask you to drink tea.

mi cing tu lay dom. I ask you to come home.

mi cing tu meda mi. I ask you to help me.

Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.

cing yem ca. Please, have some tea!

cing yem kafe. Please, have some coffee!

cing lay dom. Please, come home!

cing meda mi. Please, help me.

danke thanks

danke! Thanks!

danka tu. Thank you.

mi danka tu. I thank you.

mi danka tu meda mi. I thank you for helping me.

danka tu meda mi. Thanks for helping me.

tu keci. You're welcome. (Literally: You're polite.)

haida let's

haida yem! Let's eat!

haida enda yem! Let's go eat!

haida enda dom. Let's go home.

nida need

mi nida mede. I need help.

mi nida yem. I'm hungry.

kia tu nida yem? Are you hungry?

kia tu nida su? Are you thirsty?

Part 3. Communication

maf sorry, pardon

maf! mi no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.

maf! sa ke? Excuse me, what's this?

maf. tu nam ke? Excuse me, what's your name?

aha understand

kia tu aha mi? Do you understand me?

mi aha. I understand.

maf. mi no aha tu. Sorry. I don't understand you.

mi no bas aha tu. I didn't quite understand you.

mi aha nul. I don't understand at all.

ken can

mi ken gida gar. I can drive a car.

ye no ken gida gar. S/he doesn't know how to drive a car.

kia tu ken xula ye? Do you know how to fix it?

kia tu ken pandunia? Do you speak Pandunia?

mi ken pandunia. I speak Pandunia.

mi ken xau pandunia. I speak a little Pandunia.

mi no ken englix. I don't speak English.

maf. mi no ken tu da baxa. Sorry, I don't speak your language.

loga to say, speak, talk

tu loga ke? What did you say?

mi loga ko tu. I talk to you.

mimen loga ko alise. We talk to each other.

se loga "cat" bi ke yang bi pandunia? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?

"cat" si ke bi pandunia? What is "cat" in Pandunia?

mau loga miau. Cat says meow.

auda to listen, hear

mi no ken auda tu. I can't hear you.

cing loga kuat. Please speak louder.

mi auda musik. I listen to music.

tu auda ke yang da musik? What kind of music do you listen to?

wida to see

suku wida tu. Pleased to see you!

wida tu re! See you again!

wida tu nale! See you tomorrow!

mi wida ye yer. I saw him/her yesterday.

mana to mean

sa loge mana ke? What does this word mean?

"mau" mana ke? What does "mau" mean?

ye mana yang du hewan. It means a kind of animal.

mi no aha ye mana ke. I don't understand what it means.

kitaba write

cing kitaba tu da adres. Please, write your address.

cing kitaba ye na sa. Please, write it here!

baxa speak a language, communicate

kia tumen baxa pandunia. Do you speak in Pandunia?

mimen baxa pandunia. We speak in Pandunia.

kia tu ken baxa englix? Can you speak English?

frans, espanya, portugal, ruski French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian

putong han, nipon, indonesia Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian

arabi, turki, farsi, urdu, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi

swahili, hausa, yoruba, amara Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic

Part 4. Going around

enda to go

tu enda ke? Where are you going?

mi enda dom. I'm going home.

mi mus enda ke? Where should I go?

mi mus enda ke jen? To whom should I go?

haida enda! Let's go!

haida enda bi ped Let's go by foot!

lay to come

cing lay! Come here!

tu lay ze ke? Where do you come from?

mi lay ze dubai. I come from Dubai.

mi lay dom nale. I will come home tomorrow.

safara to travel

kia tu safara bi tren? Do you travel by train?

mimen safara ze london ko paris. We travel from London to Paris.

safar cok long. The voyage is very long.

na in, on, at

hotel na ke? Where is the hotel?

hotel na sa dau. The hotel is on that road.

tu na ke? Where are you?

mi na dom. I'm at home.

ye na ke? Where is he/she?

ye sit na kamar. He/she sits in the room.

Tip! You can use na as a preposition or alone as the verb.

mi gong na... I work at ...

doma to live, reside

tu doma ke? Where do you live?

mi doma singapur. I live in Singapore.

kia tu doma sa hotel? Do you live in this hotel?

Tip: It is also okay to say "tu doma na ke?" instead of "tu doma ke". However doma already covers the meaning of being at somewhere, so na is not necessary.

denga to wait

cing denga! Please wait!

yemen denga mimen. They wait for us.

mi denga tu na hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.

Part 5. Doing business

kap take, get

mi kap un kafe. I will take a coffee.

cing kap un kafe ko mi. Please take one coffee for me.

tu ja kap pesa ze mi. You already got money from me.

dar give

cing dar pesa. Please give some money.

cing dar ye ko mi. Please give it to me.

mi dar sa ko tu. I give this to you.

mi dar buk ko yemen. I give a book to them.

ye no wol dar ye ko mi. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.

mai commerce

Tip: Buying and selling a compound words: mai dar means to sell and mai kap means to buy.

yemen mai dar tot. They sell everything.

mi kap un bir. I will take a beer.

mi mai kap un bir. I will buy a beer.

kira rent

mi wol kira kap un gar. I want to rent a car.

ye kira dar kamar ko biznes jen. He/she rents rooms to business people.

Tip: Kira is paired with give and take just like mai.

Word List

All words of Pandunia are loan words from other languages that are spoken around the world. Probably you can recognize many Pandunia words from English and other languages that you may know. Usually one Pandunia word is shared by many languages. For example mama and papa are known in hundreds of languages. However, only one source word is included in this word list as an example.

ama but (Turkish ama)
bai white (Mandarin bái 白)
batu stone (Indonesian batu)
bazar marketplace, bazaar (Persian bāzār بازار)
bax language; communicate (Hindi bhāśā भाषा)
baxa speak, communicate
blu blue (English blue)
bon good (French bon)
ca tea (Mandarin chá 茶)
cing ask, request (Mandarin qǐng 请)
den day (Russian den' день)
dom home, residence (Russian dom дом)
doma live, reside
enda to go (Swahili kuenda)
englix English
fem woman (French femme)
gata to tell (japana kataru 語る)
gon before, earlier, former(ly) (Thai gɔ̀ɔn ก่อน)
haba have; there is (English have)
haber news (Malay khabar)
i and (Polish i)
jen person (Mandarin rén 人)
kafe coffee (German Kaffee)
kal black (Hindi काला kāla)
kata cut (Hindi ‎kāṭnā काटना)
ke what? who? (Spanish qué)
ken can (English can)
keci polite (Mandarin kèqi 客气)
kia ask, question (Hindi kyā क्या)
lay come (Vietnamese lai)
mama mother (Mandarin māma 妈妈)
man man (English man)
mana to mean (Swahili maana)
meda to help, to assist (French aider)
mede help, assistance
mi I, me (Swahili mimi)
mimen we
nida need (English need)
no no, not (Spanish no)
noce night (Spanish noche)
nun now, currently (German nun)
papa father (Russian papa папа)
pingo apple (Mandarin píngguǒ 苹果)
ros red (Italian rosso)
sa this; that (Haitian Creole sa)
saba know (Kongo zaba)
safar travel, journey (Arabic safar سفر)
salam greeting; hello (Arabic salām سلام)
si yes; to be (Spanish )
suba morning (Wolof subba)
tu you (Tamil நீ)
tumen you all
u or (French ou)
wang yellow (Cantonese wong)
wida see, look (Russian videt' видеть)
wol want (Italian volere)
xam evening (Hindi śām शाम )
ye he, she, it (Mandarin 他/她/它)
yem eat, drink (Turkish yemek)
yemen they