Introduction

Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.

The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.

You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.

Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!

Part 1: Greeting and basics

salam greet, greeting

salam Hello!

suba salam! Good morning!

den salam! Good day!

xam salam! Good evening!

noce salam! Good night!

yem salam! Bon appetit!

lai salam! Welcome!

go salam! Goodbye!

safar salam! Have a safe journey!

son salam! Sleep well!

Tip: As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!

Note: Salam is a popular greeting that is used by both religious and non-religious people in many different countries around the world.

me I, me

me salam mama. I greet mother.

me salam papa. I greet father.

salam mama! Hello, mother!

salam papa! Hello, father!

memen salam mama. We greet mother.

ni you

me salam ni. I greet you.

ni salam me. You greet me.

Tip: The basic word order is subject-verb-object. Words don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why me stays the same in Pandunia, but in English 'I' changes to 'me'.

salam ni! Hello you!

Note: ni means one single person only. The plural pronoun is nimen, "you all".

me salam nimen. I greet you all.

salam nimen! Hello you all!

e to be

me e tomas. I am Thomas.

ni e sara. You are Sara.

mau e hewan. The cat is an animal.

Note: Like every word in Pandunia, e is unchanging. So am, is, are, was and were are all translated e in Pandunia! In addition, in simple phrases it's allowed to leave out e after a pronoun like me and ni.

me sara. I'm Sara.

ni tomas. You're Thomas.

ta he, she or it

ta e fem. She is a woman.

ta e man. He is a man.

ta e pingo. It is an apple.

Tip: ta is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as things. As you can guess, tamen means "they".

tamen e pingo. They are apples.

memen salam tamen. We greet them.

memen salam nimen. We greet you.

ke? what? who?

ke? What?

ni e ke? Who are you?
me e tomas. I'm Thomas.

ta e ke? Who is he/she?
ta e sara. She is Sara.

nimen e ke? Who are you people?

tamen e ke? Who are they?

sa this, that

sa e ke? / ke e sa? What's this?

sa e pingo. This is an apple.

sa e ros pingo. This is a red apple.

sa pingo ros. This apple is red.

Note: When an adjective, like ros, is placed before a noun, it works as a modifier. When it follows the noun, it works as an adjectival verb.

ta ros. It's red.

nam be called, name

ni nam ke? What's your name?

me nam tomas. My name is Thomas.

ta nam ke? What's his/her name?

ta nam sara. Her name is Sara.

kia to ask a question

kia ni e tomas? Are you Thomas?

kia ni e doktor? Are you a doctor?

Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with kia. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from me kia ni doktor. (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.

kia ni bon? How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
me bon. I'm good.
kia ni? And you?
me no bon. I'm not good.

ha have

me ha bon bet. I have a good house.

ta no ha pesa. S/he doesn't have money.

me vol ha nova fon. I want to have a new phone.

kia ni ha ban? Do you have children?
me ha du ban. I have two children.

ya yes

kia ni bon? Are you well?
ya. me bon. Yes, I'm well.

kia ha doktor? Is there a doctor?
ya. ta e doktor. Yes. He/she is a doctor.

kia ha vin? Do you have wine?
ya. bai i ros. Yes, white and red.

no no, not

me no doktor. I'm not a doctor.

sa man no e doktor. That man is not a doctor.

sa pingo no ros. This apple is not red.

sabi to know

me sabi ta. I know him/her.

kia ni sabi sa jen? Do you know that person?

kia nimen sabi alise? Do you know each other?

memen sabi alise ze long. We know each other for long.

ge 's

ta e me ge mama. She is my mother.

ta e me ge man. He is my man.

ta e me ge fem. She is my wife.

tomas e sara ge panyo. Thomas is Sara's friend.

mede help

me neses mede. I need help.

kia ni ken mede me? Can you help me?

kia me ken mede ni? Can I help you?

Part 2: Eating

yem consume, eat, drink

kia ni vol yem yo? Would you like to eat something?

ta yem pingo. He/she eats an apple.

tamen yem pingo. They eat apples.

Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like pingo can refer to one or more apples.

kia ni yem kafe? Do you drink coffee?

me yem kafe. I drink coffee.

Tip: Meaning of yem covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.

me yem kafe i pan. I'm having coffee and bread.

vol want

kia ni vol yem? Would you like to eat?

ni vol yem ke? What would you like to eat?

Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.

me vol yem kafe. I want to drink coffee.

kia ni vol yem ca? Would you like to drink tea?
no. me no vol ca. me vol kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.

ni vol ke pingo? Which apple do you want?
sa ros. This red one.

cing request, please

me cing ni yem ca. I ask you to drink tea.

me cing ni lai dom. I ask you to come home.

me cing ni mede me. I ask you to help me.

Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.

cing yem ca. Please, have some tea!

cing yem kafe. Please, have some coffee!

cing lai dom. Please, come home!

cing mede me. Please, help me.

danke thank

danke! Thanks!

danke ni. Thank you.

me danke ni. I thank you.

me danke ni mede me. I thank you for helping me.

danke ni mede me. Thanks for helping me.

ni keci. You're welcome. (Literally: You're polite.)

haide let's

haide yem! Let's eat!

haide go yem! Let's go eat!

haide go dom. Let's go home.

neses need

me neses mede. I need help.

me neses yem. I'm hungry.

kia ni neses yem? Are you hungry?

kia ni neses sui? Are you thirsty?

Part 3. Communication

maf sorry, pardon

maf! me no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.

maf! sa ke? Excuse me, what's this?

maf. ni nam ke? Excuse me, what's your name?

aha understand

kia ni aha me? Do you understand me?

me aha. I understand.

maf. me no aha ni. Sorry. I don't understand you.

me no bas aha ni. I didn't quite understand you.

me aha nul. I don't understand at all.

ken can

me ken gida gar. I can drive a car.

ta no ken gida gar. S/he doesn't know how to drive a car.

kia ni ken xuli ta? Do you know how to fix it?

kia ni ken pandunia? Do you speak Pandunia?

me ken pandunia. I speak Pandunia.

me ken xau pandunia. I speak a little Pandunia.

me no ken englix. I don't speak English.

maf. me no ken ni ge baxa. Sorry, I don't speak your language.

loga to say, speak, talk

ni loga ke? What did you say?

me loga do ni. I talk to you.

memen loga do alise. We talk to each other.

se loga "cat" bi ke yang bi pandunia? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?

"cat" e ke bi pandunia? What is "cat" in Pandunia?

mau loga miau. Cat says meow.

ting to listen, hear

me no ken ting ni. I can't hear you.

cing loga kuat. Please speak louder.

me ting musik. I listen to music.

ni ting ke yang ge musik? What kind of music do you listen to?

vide to see

suka vide ni. Happy to see you!

vide ni re! See you again!

vide ni nale! See you tomorrow!

me vide ta yer. I saw him/her yesterday.

mana to mean

sa loga ya mana ke? What does this word mean?

"mau" ya mana ke? What does "mau" mean?

ta mana yang de hewan. It means a kind of animal.

me no aha ta mana ke. I don't understand what it means.

kitab write

cing kitab ni ge adres. Please, write your address.

cing kitab ta na sa. Please, write it here!

baxa language, communication

kia nimen baxa pandunia. Do you speak in Pandunia?

memen baxa pandunia. We speak in Pandunia.

kia ni ken baxa englix? Can you speak English?

frans, espanya, portugal, ruski French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian

putong han, nipon, indonesia Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian

arabi, turki, farsi, urdu, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi

swahili, hausa, yoruba, amara Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic

Part 4. Going around

go to go

ni go ke? Where are you going?

me go dom. I'm going home.

me mus go ke? Where should I go?

me mus go ke jen? To whom should I go?

haide go! Let's go!

haide go bi ped Let's go by foot!

lai to come

cing lai! Come here!

ni lai ze ke? Where do you come from?

me lai ze dubai. I come from Dubai.

me lai dom nale. I will come home tomorrow.

safar to travel

kia ni safar bi tren? Do you travel by train?

memen safar ze london do paris. We travel from London to Paris.

safar hen long. The voyage is very long.

na in, on, at

hotel na ke? Where is the hotel?

hotel na sa dau. The hotel is on that road.

ni na ke? Where are you?

me na dom. I'm at home.

ta na ke? Where is he/she?

ta sit na kamar. He/she sits in the room.

Tip! You can use na as a preposition or alone as the verb.

me gong na... I work at ...

abit to live, reside

ni abit ke? Where do you live?

Tip: It is also okay to say "ni abit na ke?" However abit already covers the meaning of being at somewhere.

me abit singapur. I live in Singapore.

kia ni abit sa hotel? Do you live in this hotel?

deng to wait

cing deng! Please wait!

tamen deng memen. They wait for us.

me deng ni na hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.

Part 5. Doing business

kap take, get

me kap un kafe. I will take a coffee.

cing kap un kafe do me. Please take one coffee for me.

ni ja kap pesa ze me. You already got money from me.

dar give

cing dar pesa. Please give some money.

cing dar ta do me. Please give it to me.

me dar sa do ni. I give this to you.

me dar buk do tamen. I give a book to them.

ta no vol dar ta do me. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.

mai commerce

Tip: Buying and selling a compound words: mai dar means to sell and mai kap means to buy.

tamen mai dar tot. They sell everything.

me kap un bir. I will take a beer.

me mai kap un bir. I will buy a beer.

kira rent

me vol kira kap un gar. I want to rent a car.

ta kira dar kamar do biznes jen. He/she rents rooms to business people.

Tip: Kira is paired with give and take just like mai.

Word List

All words of Pandunia are loan words from other languages that are spoken around the world. Probably you can recognize many Pandunia words from English and other languages that you may know. Usually one Pandunia word is shared by many languages. For example mama and papa are known in hundreds of languages. However, only one source word is included in this word list as an example.

abit live, reside Italian abitare
ama but (Turkish ama)
bai white (Mandarin bái 白)
batu stone (Indonesian batu)
bazar marketplace, bazaar (Persian bāzār بازار)
baxa language; communicate (Hindi bhāśā भाषा)
blu blue (English blue)
bon good (French bon)
ca tea (Mandarin chá 茶)
cing ask, request (Mandarin qǐng 请)
den day (Russian den' день)
dom home (Russian dom дом)
e to be (Portuguese é)
englix English
fem woman (French femme)
gon before, earlier, former(ly) (Thai gɔ̀ɔn ก่อน)
ha have; there is (Portuguese )
habar news (Malay khabar)
i and (Polish i)
jen person (Mandarin rén 人)
kafe coffee (German Kaffee)
kal black (Hindi काला kāla)
kat cut (Hindi ‎kāṭnā काटना)
kata tell; tale, story (Japanese kataru 語る)
ke what? who? (Spanish qué)
ken can (English can)
keci polite (Mandarin kèqi 客气)
kia ask, question (Hindi kyā क्या)
lai come (Vietnamese lai)
mama mother (Mandarin māma 妈妈)
man man (English man)
mana to mean; meaning (Swahili maana)
me I, me (Georgian me მე)
mede help (French aider)
memen we
neses need; necessary (Spanish necesitar)
ni you (Tamil நீ)
nimen you all
no no, not (Spanish no)
noce night (Spanish noche)
nun now, currently (German nun)
papa father (Russian papa папа)
pingo apple (Mandarin píngguǒ 苹果)
ros red (Italian rosso)
sa this; that (Haitian Creole sa)
sabi know (Thai saap ทราบ)
safar travel, journey (Arabic safar سفر)
salam greet; hello (Arabic salām سلام)
suba morning (Wolof subba)
ta he, she, it (Mandarin 他/她/它)
tamen they
vide see, look (Russian videt' видеть)
u or (French ou)
vol want (Italian volere)
wang yellow (Cantonese wong)
xam evening (Hindi śām शाम )
ya yes (Indonesian ya)
yem eat, drink (Turkish yemek)