Introduction

Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.

The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.

You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.

Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!

Part 1: Greeting and basics

salam greet, greeting

salam Hello!

suba salam! Good morning!

den salam! Good day!

cam salam! Good evening!

notce salam! Good night!

yem salam! Bon appetit!

lai salam! Welcome!

go salam! Goodbye!

safar salam! Have a safe journey!

son salam! Sleep well!

Tip: As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!

mi I, me

mi salam mama. I greet mother.

mi salam papa. I greet father.

salam mama! Hello, mother!

salam papa! Hello, father!

mimen salam mama. We greet mother.

ti you

mi salam ti. I greet you.

ti salam mi. You greet me.

Tip: The basic word order is subject-verb-object. Words don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why mi stays the same in Pandunia, but in English 'I' changes to 'me'.

salam ti! Hello you!

Note: Ti means one single person only. The plural pronoun is timen, "you all".

mi salam timen. I greet you all.

salam timen! Hello you all!

e to be

mi e tomas. I am Thomas.

ti e sara. You are Sara.

mau e hewan. The cat is an animal.

Note: Like every word in Pandunia, e is unchanging. So am, is, are, was and were are all translated e in Pandunia! In addition, in simple phrases it's allowed to leave out e after a pronoun like mi and ti.

mi sara. I'm Sara.

ti tomas. You're Thomas.

ta he, she or it

ta e fem. She is a woman.

ta e man. He is a man.

ta e pingo. It is an apple.

Tip: Ta is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as things. As you can guess, Tamen means "they".

tamen e pingo. They are apples.

mimen salam tamen. We greet them.

mimen salam timen. We greet you.

ke? what? who?

ke? What?

ti e ke? Who are you? mi e tomas. I'm Thomas.

ta e ke? Who is he/she? ta e sara. She is Sara.

timen e ke? Who are you people?

tamen e ke? Who are they?

sa this, that

sa e ke? / ke e sa? What's this?

sa e pingo. This is an apple.

sa e lal pingo. This is a red apple.

sa pingo lal. This apple is red.

Note: When an adjective, like lal, is placed before a noun, it works as a modifier. When it follows the noun, it works as an adjectival verb.

ta lal. It's red.

nam be called, name

ti nam ke? What's your name?

mi nam tomas. My name is Thomas.

ta nam ke? What's his/her name?

ta nam sara. Her name is Sara.

kia to ask a question

kia ti e tomas? Are you Thomas?

kia ti e doktor? Are you a doctor?

Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with kia. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from mi kia ti doktor. (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.

kia ti bon? How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
mi bon. I'm good.
kia ti? And you?
mi no bon. I'm not good.

ha have

mi ha bon dom. I have a good house.

ta no ha pesa. S/he doesn't have money.

mi vol ha nova fon. I want to have a new phone.

kia ti ha ban? Do you have children?
mi ha du ban. I have two children.

ye yes

kia ti bon? Are you well?
ye. mi bon. Yes, I'm well.

kia ha doktor? Is there a doctor?
ye. ta e doktor. Yes. He/she is a doctor.

kia ha vin? Do you have wine?
ye. bai i lal. Yes, white and red.

no no, not

mi no doktor. I'm not a doctor.

sa man no e doktor. That man is not a doctor.

sa pingo no lal. This apple is not red.

sap to know

mi sap ta. I know him/her.

kia ti sap sa jen? Do you know that person?

kia timen sap alise? Do you know each other?

mimen sap alise ze long. We know each other for long.

ge 's

ta e mi ge mama. She is my mother.

ta e mi ge man. He is my man.

ta e mi ge fem. She is my wife.

tomas e sara ge panyo. Thomas is Sara's friend.

mede help

mi neses mede. I need help.

kia ti ken mede mi? Can you help me?

kia mi ken mede ti? Can I help you?

Part 2: Eating

yem consume, eat, drink

kia ti vol yem koi? Would you like to eat something?

ta yem pingo. He/she eats an apple.

tamen yem pingo. They eat apples.

Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like pingo can refer to one or more apples.

kia ti yem kafe? Do you drink coffee?

mi yem kafe. I drink coffee.

Tip: Meaning of yem covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.

mi yem kafe i pan. I'm having coffee and bread.

vol want

kia ti vol yem? Would you like to eat?

ti vol yem ke? What would you like to eat?

Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.

mi vol yem kafe. I want to drink coffee.

kia ti vol yem tca? Would you like to drink tea?
no. mi no vol tca. mi vol kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.

ti vol ke pingo? Which apple do you want?
sa lal. This red one.

bite request, please

mi bite ti yem tca. I ask you to drink tea.

mi bite ti lai dom. I ask you to come home.

mi bite ti mede mi. I ask you to help me.

Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.

bite yem tca. Please, have some tea!

bite yem kafe. Please, have some coffee!

bite lai dom. Please, come home!

bite mede mi. Please, help me.

danke thank

danke! Thanks!

danke ti. Thank you.

mi danke ti. I thank you.

mi danke ti mede mi. I thank you for helping me.

danke ti mede mi. Thanks for helping me.

ti ketci. You're welcome. (Literally: You're polite.)

haide let's

haide yem! Let's eat!

haide go yem! Let's go eat!

haide go dom. Let's go home.

neses need

mi neses mede. I need help.

mi neses yem. I'm hungry.

kia ti neses yem? Are you hungry?

kia ti neses sui? Are you thirsty?

Part 3. Communication

maf sorry, pardon

maf! mi no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.

maf! sa ke? Excuse me, what's this?

maf. ti nam ke? Excuse me, what's your name?

aha understand

kia ti aha mi? Do you understand me?

mi aha. I understand.

maf. mi no aha ti. Sorry. I don't understand you.

mi no bas aha ti. I didn't quite understand you.

mi aha nul. I don't understand at all.

ken can

mi ken gida gar. I can drive a car.

ta no ken gida gar. S/he doesn't know how to drive a car.

kia ti ken culi ta? Do you know how to fix it?

kia ti ken pandunia? Do you speak Pandunia?

mi ken pandunia. I speak Pandunia.

mi ken cau pandunia. I speak a little Pandunia.

mi no ken englic. I don't speak English.

maf. mi no ken ti ge baca. Sorry, I don't speak your language.

loga to say, speak, talk

ti loga ke? What did you say?

mi loga do ti. I talk to you.

mimen loga do alise. We talk to each other.

se loga ke yang bi pandunia ki "cat"? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?

"cat" e ke bi pandunia? What is "cat" in Pandunia?

mau loga miau. Cat says meow.

audi to listen, hear

mi no ken audi ti. I can't hear you.

bite loga kuat. Please speak louder.

mi audi musik. I listen to music.

ti audi ke yang ge musik? What kind of music do you listen to?

vide to see

suk vide ti. Happy to see you!

vide ti bada! See you later!

vide ti nale! See you tomorrow!

mi vide ta yer. I saw him/her yesterday.

mana to mean

sa loga ye mana ke? What does this word mean?

"mau" ye mana ke? What does "mau" mean?

ta mana yang de hewan. It means a kind of animal.

mi no aha ta mana ke. I don't understand what it means.

kitab write

bite kitab ti ge adres. Please, write your address.

bite kitab ta na sa. Please, write it here!

baca language, communication

kia timen baca pandunia. Do you speak in Pandunia?

mimen baca pandunia. We speak in Pandunia.

kia ti ken baca englic? Can you speak English?

frans, espanya, portugal, ruski French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian

putong han, nipon, indonesia Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian

arabi, turki, farsi, urdu, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi

swahili, hausa, yoruba, amara Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic

Part 4. Going around

go to go

ti go ke? Where are you going?

mi go dom. I'm going home.

mi mus go ke? Where should I go?

mi mus go ke jen? To whom should I go?

haide go! Let's go!

haide go bi ped Let's go by foot!

lai to come

bite lai! Come here!

ti lai ze ke? Where do you come from?

mi lai ze dubai. I come from Dubai.

mi lai dom nale. I will come home tomorrow.

safar to travel

kia ti safar bi tren? Do you travel by train?

mimen safar ze london do paris. We travel from London to Paris.

safar hen long. The voyage is very long.

na in, on, at

hotel na ke? Where is the hotel?

hotel na sa dau. The hotel is on that road.

ti na ke? Where are you?

mi na dom. I'm at home.

ta na ke? Where is he/she?

ta sit na kamar. He/she sits in the room.

Tip! You can use na as a preposition or alone as the verb.

mi gong na... I work at ...

abit to live, reside

ti abit ke? Where do you live?

Tip: It is also okay to say "ti abit na ke?" However abit already covers the meaning of being at somewhere.

mi abit singapur. I live in Singapore.

kia ti abit sa hotel? Do you live in this hotel?

deng to wait

bite deng! Please wait!

tamen deng mimen. They wait for us.

mi deng ti na hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.

Part 5. Doing business

kap take, get

mi kap un kafe. I will take a coffee.

bite kap un kafe do mi. Please take one coffee for me.

ti ja kap pesa ze mi. You already got money from me.

dar give

bite dar pesa. Please give some money.

bite dar ta do mi. Please give it to me.

mi dar sa do ti. I give this to you.

mi dar buk do tamen. I give a book to them.

ta no vol dar ta do mi. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.

mai commerce

Tip: Buying and selling a compound words: mai dar means to sell and mai kap means to buy.

tamen mai dar tot. They sell everything.

mi kap un bir. I will take a beer.

mi mai kap un bir. I will buy a beer.

kira rent

mi vol kira kap un gar. I want to rent a car.

ta kira dar kamar do biznes jen. He/she rents rooms to business people.

Tip: Kira is paired with give and take just like mai.

Word List

All words of Pandunia are loan words from other languages that are spoken around the world. Probably you can recognize many Pandunia words from English and other languages that you may know. Usually one Pandunia word is shared by many languages. For example mama and papa are known in hundreds of languages. However, only one source word is included in this word list as an example.

abit live, reside Italian abitare
ama but (Turkish ama)
bai white (Mandarin bái 白)
batu stone (Indonesian batu)
bazar marketplace, bazaar (Persian bāzār بازار)
baca language; communicate (Hindi bhāśā भाषा)
bite ask, request (German bitten)
blu blue (English blue)
bon good (French bon)
cam evening (Hindi śām शाम )
den day (Russian den' день)
dom home (Russian dom дом)
e to be (Portuguese é)
englic English
fem woman (French femme)
gon before, earlier, former(ly) (Thai gɔ̀ɔn ก่อน)
ha have; there is (Portuguese )
i and (Polish i)
jen person (Mandarin rén 人)
kafe coffee (German Kaffee)
kara black (Turkish kara)
kat cut (Hindi ‎kāṭnā काटना)
kata tell; tale, story (Japanese kataru 語る)
ke what? who? (Spanish qué)
ken can (English can)
ketci polite (Mandarin kèqi 客气)
kia ask, question (Hindi kyā क्या)
lai come (Vietnamese lai)
lal red (Bengali lal)
mama mother (Mandarin māma 妈妈)
man man (English man)
mana to mean; meaning (Swahili maana)
mede help (French aider)
mi I, me (Swahili mimi)
mimen we
neses need; necessary (Spanish necesitar)
no no, not (Spanish no)
notce night (Spanish noche)
nun now, currently (German nun)
papa father (Russian papa папа)
pingo apple (Mandarin píngguǒ 苹果)
sa this; that (Haitian Creole sa)
safar travel, journey (Arabic safar سفر)
salam greet; hello (Arabic salām سلام)
sap know (Thai saap ทราบ)
suba morning (Wolof subba)
tca tea (Mandarin chá 茶)
ti you (Russian ty ты)
timen you all
ta he, she, it (Mandarin 他/她/它)
tamen they (Mandarin tāmen 他们)
vide see, look (Russian videt' видеть)
u or (French ou)
vol want (Italian volere)
wang yellow (Cantonese wong)
xabar news (Malay khabar)
ye yes (Korean 예 ye)
yem eat, drink (Turkish yemek)