Method of Presentation

Each phrase and its translation takes three lines as follows:

  1. The phrase in Pandunia in bold letters.
  2. Word-by-word translation in cursive letters.
  3. Translation to English in normal letters.


All the phrases in this page follow these three rules:

  1. Head-last: The first word or phrase modifies the next one.
  2. Noun phrase boundary: A pause, a particle or a determiner (i.e. a numeral, a possessive pronoun or a demonstrative pronoun) begins a new noun phrase.
  3. Zero be: There is a "zero be" between two consecutive noun phrases.



suba salam.
Morning's greeting.
Good morning.

salam suba.
Greeted morning. Good morning.

nyam salam.
Food's greeting.
Bon appetit!

salam nyam.
Greeted food.
Bon appetit!

mi salam tu.
My greeted, you.
I greet you.

salam tu!
Greeted you!
Hello, you!

salam mama!
Greeted mother!
Hello, mother!



nam: simon.
Name: Simon.
The name is Simon.

umur: 30 nen.
Age: 30 years.
The age is 30 years.

dex: frans.
Country: France.
The country is France.

yen rang: brun.
_Eye's color: brown.
The color of the eyes is brown.


Pause as the "zero be"

mi: simon.
I, Simon.
I am Simon.

mi nam: simon.
My name, Simon.
My name is Simon.

mi umur: 30 nen.
My age:, 30 year.
I'm 30 years old.

mi dex: frans.
My country, France.
I live in France.

mi yen rang: brun.
My eye's color, brown.
My eyes are brown.


"Uh" as the "zero be"

mi e simon.
I, uh, Simon.
I am Simon.

mi nam e simon.
My name, uh, Simon.
My name is Simon.

mi umur e 30 nen.
My age, uh, 30 year.
I'm 30 years old.

mi dex e frans.
My country, uh, France.
I live in France.

mi yen rang e brun.
My eye's color, uh, brown.
My eyes are brown.



A variety of determiners can be used for marking the beginning of a noun phrase.

maw, hewan.
_Cat, animal.
A cat is an animal.

maw koy hewan.
Cat, some animal.
A cat is an animal.

maw ci hewan.
Cat, this animal.
A cat is this animal.

maw la hewan.
Cat, that animal.
A cat is that animal.

maw la lil i bon dom hewan.
Cat, that little and good home's animal.
The cat is that little and good household animal.


Talking about actions

mi am: tu.
My loved, you.
I love you.

tu: mi am
You, my loved.
You are my loved one.


mi lay: dom.
My arrival, home.
I come home.

mi no lay: dom.
My not arrival, home.
I don't come home.

maw kaca koy mux.
Cat's prey, some mouse.
The cat preys on a mouse. (The cat catches a mouse.)

maw pas kaca la lil mux.
Cat's past prey, that little mouse.
The cat caught that little mouse.

maw no pas kaca la day mux.
Cat's not past prey, that big mouse.
The cat didn't catch that big mouse.

maw wol kaca la day mux.
Cat's wanted prey, that big mouse.
The cat wants to catch that big mouse.


Making requests

mi bita tu lay mimen dom.
My request, your arrival, our home.
I request you to come to our house.

bite tu lay mimen dom.
Request, your arrival, our home.
Please, you, come to our house.

bite: lay mimen dom.
Request, arrival, our home.
Please, come to our house.


Making questions

mi kia tu lay mimen dom.
My question, your arrival, our home.
I ask, did you come to our house.

kia tu lay mimen dom.
Question, your arrival, our home.
Did you come to our house?

kia tu: maria?
Question, you, Maria?
Are you Maria?

kia tu e maria?
Question, you, uh, Maria?
Are you Maria?



Basic prepositions are useful as special grammar words also in this uninflected language.

mi na dom.
I with home.
I'm at home.

mi safar na bus ze london do paris.
My travel with bus from London to Paris.
I travel by bus from London to Paris.

simon ze paris.
Simon from Paris.
Simon is from Paris.



Union is expressed with i.

simon i maria ze paris.
Simon and Maria from Paris.
Simon and Maria are from Paris.

Constrast is expressed with a.

mi no ze paris a london.
I not from Paris but London.
I'm not from Paris but London.

Alternative is expressed with u.

ye ze nairobi u zanzibar.
He/she from Nairobi or Zanzibar.
He/she is from Nairobi or Zanzibar.


mi safe la dom.
My cleaned, the house.
I clean the house.

mi safe dom.
My cleaned house.
My clean house.

la safe dom.
the clean house.
The clean house.

mi no safe la safe dom.
My not cleaned, the clean house.
I didn't/don't clean the clean house.

mi, safe.
I, clean.
I am clean.

mi es safe.
My being, clean.
I am clean.


Adverbs and adjectives

lil buke.
Little book.
Little books.

day buke.
Big book.
Big books.

bon buke.
Good book.
Good books.

Two adjectives that independently modify the same word are separated by i.

lil i bon buke.
Little and good book.
Little and good books.

When there are two consecutive adjectives, the first of modifies the second one.

lil bon buke.
Little good book.
Rather ("littly") good books.

day bon buke.
Big little book.
Very ("bigly") good books.