Pronouns

Personal pronouns

Pronouns can substitute nouns and noun phrases.

me – I, me
te – you
le – he, she, it
mome – we
tote – you all
lole – they

Reflexive pronoun

The reflexive pronoun is used when the object of a sentence is the same as the subject.

ze – self

Note! The reflexive pronoun ze is used for all persons, so it corresponds to English myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves and themselves all at once.

me vida ze – I see myself.
le vida ze – She sees herself. / He sees himself. / It sees itself.
mome vida ze. – We see ourselves.

Demonstrative pronouns

The demonstrative pronouns are:

ye – this one
we – that one

me vola ye. – I want this one.
le vola we. – He/she wants that one.

They end in -i when they function as modifiers i.e. when they come before a noun.

yi maw – This cat
wi maw – That cat

Interrogative pronouns

ke is a general-purpose interrogative pronoun. It does the job of English words who and what.

ke? – Who or what?

The adjectival interrogative pronoun is ki and it means the same as English which.

ki xey? – What? (Which thing?)
ki ren? – Who? (Which person?)
ki zaman? – When? (What time?)
ki yang? – How? (What manner?)

The adverbial interrogative pronoun is ko and it means the same as English how.

Also adjectives are questioned with ki.

ko novi? – How new?
ko kosti? – How costy?
ko pol? – How many?
ko day? – How big?
ko lil? – How small?

te tena ko day maw? – How big cat do you have?