Numerals

Cardinal numbers

Quantity can be expressed with numerals and other quantity-words. They are put before the word or phrase that they qualify.

un xing – one star
duli xing – two stars
sani xing – three stars
xavi xing – few stars
poli xing – many stars

un day kurse – one big chair
duli day kurse – two big chairs
sani bon kurse – three good chairs

The basic number words are:

  • 0 nol
  • 1 un
  • 2 duli
  • 3 sani
  • 4 cari
  • 5 limi
  • 6 sisi
  • 7 seti
  • 8 bali
  • 9 navi

Greater numbers are simply made by putting one digit after another – exactly like they are written in the universal numerical language of mathematics.

  • 10 un nol or desi
  • 11 un un
  • 12 un duli
  • 13 un sani
  • 20 duli nol
  • 21 duli un
  • 22 duli duli
  • 100 un nol nol or honi
  • 101 un nol un or honi un
  • 200 duli nol nol or duli honi

Numbers that are greater than 999 may use the multiples from the International System of Units. So for example kilo denotes a multiple of a thousand.

  • 1 000 kilo
  • 1 000 000 mega
  • 1 000 000 000 giga
  • 1 000 000 000 000 tera
  • 1015 peta
  • 1018 eksa
  • 1021 zeta
  • 1024 yota

Sometimes it is known from the context how many objects are spoken about. For example, the word sol (sun) normally refers to just one sun because there is only one.

Fractions

Fractions are formed with the help of fen (fraction, part).

uni dulfen – a half, ½
uni carfen – a quarter, ¼
sani carfen – three quarters, ¾

Ordinal numbers

Ordinal numbers are created with the suffix -odi.

  • unodi – first
  • dulodi – second
  • sanodi – third
  • carodi – fourth
  • limodi – fifth
  • sisodi – sixth
  • setodi – seventh
  • balodi – eighth
  • navodi – ninth
  • desodi – tenth

They are placed before the modified noun like normal adjectives.

unodi fen – the first part
dulodi fen – the second part
sanodi fen – the third part

Date and time

Days of the week

In naming the days of the week, a number indicating the day (starting from Monday) is followed by yom which means the period of 24 hours. So 'Monday' is literally 'one-day', 'Tuesday' is 'two-day', 'Wednesday' is 'three-day', etc.

  1. unyom – Monday
  2. dulyom – Tuesday
  3. sanyom – Wednesday
  4. caryom – Thursday
  5. limyom – Friday
  6. sisyom – Saturday
  7. setyom – Sunday

Months

  1. unlun – January
  2. dullun – February
  3. sanlun – March
  4. carlun – April
  5. limlun – May
  6. sislun – June
  7. setolun – July
  8. ballun – August
  9. naulun – September
  10. deslun – October
  11. desunlun – November
  12. desdullun – December